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Writing a Winning Job Application Letter: Tips and Examples

what do you understand by application letter

A job application letter, also known as a cover letter, is a formal letter that accompanies your resume and introduces you to a potential employer. The purpose of a job application letter is to highlight your qualifications, experience, and skills that make you the perfect candidate for the job. It also helps employers understand your personality, work ethic, and how you plan to contribute to their organization.

Importance of Customization

One of the key factors that can make or break your job application letter is how well you customize it to the specific job you are applying for. Employers want to see that you have taken the time to research their company and understand what they are looking for in a candidate. Customizing your letter also shows that you are genuinely interested in the job and that you are willing to put in the extra effort to stand out from other applicants.

Brief Overview of Key Sections

While job application letters can vary slightly depending on the job and industry, they typically contain four key sections:

Introduction: This section should include a brief introduction, the job you are applying for, and how you found out about it.

Qualifications: In this section, you should discuss your qualifications and experience that make you a good fit for the job. Be sure to tailor this section to the specific job requirements to show that you have the skills they are looking for.

Skills: Here, you should highlight your relevant skills and how they apply to the job. Use examples from your past experiences to demonstrate your proficiency in each skill.

Closing: The closing paragraph should thank the employer for considering your application and provide contact information for them to reach you.

In this article, we will dive into each of these sections in more detail and provide tips and examples to help you write a winning job application letter.

Understand the Job Requirements

To write a winning job application letter, it is important to thoroughly understand the job requirements. This involves analyzing the job description and understanding the needs of the employer, as well as tailoring your letter to attract the specific employer.

A. Analyzing the Job Description

The job description provides you with valuable information about the position you are applying for. It outlines the required skills, qualifications, and responsibilities of the job. By analyzing the job description, you can determine if the role is a good fit for your experience and qualifications.

When analyzing the job description, it is important to pay attention to key phrases and requirements mentioned. These can give you insight into the priorities of the employer and allow you to tailor your application to meet those priorities.

B. Understanding the Needs of the Employer

To write a winning job application letter, it is also essential to understand the needs of the employer. This means researching the company and the industry to get a better understanding of the company culture, mission, and values. It also means understanding the desired outcome of the position and how you can address the employer’s needs.

One way to convey your understanding of the employer’s needs is to highlight relevant accomplishments in your application letter. By showing how you have successfully addressed similar challenges in the past, you can demonstrate your potential value to the employer.

C. Tailoring the Letter to Attract Specific Employer

Finally, to write a winning job application letter, it is important to tailor your letter to attract the specific employer. This means using language and examples that relate to the specific company and its values. It also means customizing your application letter to the specific job and its requirements.

To tailor your letter, take the time to research the company and its values. This can involve reviewing their website, social media, and other online resources. By addressing the specific needs and values of the employer, you can show that you are invested in the position and the company.

To write a winning job application letter, it is important to understand the job requirements, analyze the job description, understand the needs of the employer, and tailor the letter to attract the specific employer. By doing so, you can craft an application that stands out from the competition and showcases your value as a candidate.

Research the Company and Industry

Before writing your job application letter, it’s important to research the company and industry thoroughly to increase your chances of writing a winning letter. Here are three key areas to focus on:

A. Understanding the Mission, Vision, and Values of the Company

Make sure you take the time to research the company’s mission, vision, and values. This will help you understand the company’s goals and the qualities they look for in employees. You can find this information on the company’s website, social media pages or company annual report.

Incorporate the values and mission statement of the company into your job application letter. This highlights your alignment with the company culture, and how your beliefs and goals match that of the organization’s.

B. Identifying the Company’s Competition

Once you have an understanding of the company, you need to identify the company’s competition. Knowing who the competitors are can help you understand the industry as well as the company’s market share position.

List the company’s competitors in your job application letter and briefly explain how you see the company’s strengths overcoming the competitors’ weaknesses.

C. Industry Trends and How to Address Them

The final area to focus on when researching the company and industry is identifying current industry trends and how these trends may impact the company’s future. Use reputable sources to gather trends and predictions about the industry. This will also show the recruiter that you are not only familiar with their industry, but are engaging in informed discussion and contributing to innovative solutions.

Incorporate industry trends into your job application letter and showcase the ideas and innovations you bring, how leveraging them can enhance the company’s position and how you can contribute to any current and future challenges, for which the potential employer has yet to find a solution.

By researching and incorporating the above areas into your job application letter, you demonstrate a genuine interest in the organization and showcase clear understanding, innovative thought and how your expertise can improve the company’s performance.

Know Your Strengths and Skills

When writing a job application letter, it’s crucial to understand your unique selling proposition, relevant experience, and transferrable skills. This information will help you stand out from the other applicants and potentially land the job of your dreams.

A. Identifying Your Unique Selling Proposition

Your unique selling proposition (USP) is what sets you apart from the other candidates. It could be a specific skill, experience or personality trait that aligns with the company’s values and job requirements. Start by analyzing the job description and researching the company culture to identify what makes you an ideal candidate for the role.

Once you have identified your USP, use it as the main selling point in your job application letter. Highlight your strengths and skills and explain how they align with the job requirements and the company’s values. This will show the hiring manager that you are not just another candidate, but someone who has something valuable to offer.

B. Highlighting Your Relevant Experience and Accomplishments

Your work experience and achievements are essential in demonstrating your abilities and suitability for the job. When crafting your job application letter, focus on highlighting your relevant experience and accomplishments. Use specific examples to demonstrate how you have contributed in previous roles and how those skills could be applied to the new role you are applying for.

Be sure to use metrics whenever possible as numbers are a great way to showcase your achievements. For example, if you were able to increase sales revenue by 20% in your previous role, mention it in your letter. This will give the hiring manager a clear understanding of your capabilities and how they align with the job requirements.

C. Understanding How to Leverage Transferrable Skills

Transferrable skills are those abilities that you have gained from your previous experiences that are not necessarily related to the job you are applying for. They can be valuable in demonstrating your adaptability and ability to learn quickly.

When discussing your transferrable skills in your job application letter, highlight how they could be applied to the new role you are applying for. For example, if you have strong communication skills, explain how you could use that to effectively collaborate with team members and clients.

By understanding and leveraging your unique selling proposition, relevant experience and accomplishments, and transferrable skills, you can write a job application letter that stands out from the crowd. Remember to tailor your letter to the job requirements and company culture to increase your chances of success.

Address Gaps in Your Resume or Experience

When applying for a job, it’s important to consider any gaps in your resume or experience that might be a red flag for hiring managers. Addressing these gaps upfront can demonstrate your accountability and willingness to take ownership of your shortcomings.

A. Taking ownership of failings

If you have gaps in your work history or experience, don’t try to hide or make excuses for them. Instead, take ownership of any failings and show that you’re actively working to improve yourself. This could involve taking courses, pursuing certifications, or volunteering in relevant areas to gain hands-on experience.

B. Finding a workaround for unfilled requirements

Sometimes a job posting requires specific qualifications or experience that you don’t have. In these cases, it’s important to find a workaround that demonstrates your ability to still meet the employer’s needs. This could involve highlighting related experience or transferable skills that could compensate for the missing requirement. Alternatively, it might involve offering to take on additional training or work with a mentor to acquire the missing knowledge.

C. Highlighting transferable skills to counter an irrelevant job background

When applying for a job in a new industry or field, it’s common to have a background that might not seem directly relevant. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean you’re unqualified for the role. By highlighting transferable skills, such as leadership, problem-solving, or communication, you can demonstrate your ability to adapt to new situations and learn quickly.

Addressing gaps in your resume or experience is an important aspect of writing a winning job application letter. By taking ownership of your failings, finding workarounds for unfilled requirements, and highlighting transferable skills, you can position yourself as a strong candidate and increase your chances of landing the job you want.

Crafting an Attention-grabbing Opening Paragraph

In the competitive job market, first impressions matter. The opening paragraph of your job application letter is your opportunity to make a positive and lasting impression on potential employers. In this section, we’ll explore the importance of crafting an attention-grabbing opening paragraph and provide tips and examples on how to do so.

A. Importance of First Impressions

Studies show that it takes less than 30 seconds for a recruiter or hiring manager to form an initial impression of a job candidate. This means that your opening paragraph is a critical component of your job application letter. Your goal is to capture the employer’s interest and convince them to continue reading.

B. Creative and Engaging Opening Lines

One effective way to capture the employer’s attention is by starting your letter with a creative and engaging opening line. This can be a quote, a personal story, a relevant statistic, or a bold statement. The key is to be authentic and genuine while still standing out from other applicants.

C. Strategies for Catching the Employer’s Attention

Beyond the opening line, there are several strategies you can use to further capture the employer’s attention. These include highlighting relevant skills and experience, demonstrating enthusiasm for the position and company, and connecting your qualifications to the job requirements.

By following these tips and examples, you can craft an attention-grabbing opening paragraph that sets you apart from the competition and piques the employer’s interest.

Highlighting Your Accomplishments

When it comes to writing a winning job application letter, highlighting your accomplishments is crucial. This allows potential employers to see the proven results that you can bring to their organization. Here are a few tips on how to effectively highlight your accomplishments:

A. Demonstrating Achievements in Previous Roles

One of the most effective ways to demonstrate your achievements is by highlighting your accomplishments in your previous roles. This shows that you have a track record of success and can bring that success to your next job. When highlighting your achievements, make sure to focus on results, not just responsibilities. Instead of stating that you managed a team, highlight the specific results that you achieved as a team leader.

For example, instead of saying, “Managed a team of 10 employees,” you could say, “Led a team of 10 employees to achieve a 25% increase in sales within the first quarter.” This shows the impact you had in your previous role and gives potential employers an idea of what you can achieve in their organization.

B. Using Data to Support Accomplishments

Using data to support your accomplishments is a powerful way to illustrate the impact you had in your previous roles. This could include data such as sales figures, customer satisfaction ratings, or employee retention rates. When using data, make sure to include specific numbers and percentages.

For example, instead of saying, “Improved customer satisfaction,” you could say, “Increased customer satisfaction ratings by 15% through implementing a new customer service training program.” This demonstrates the impact you had on the organization and the value you can bring to a potential employer.

C. Highlighting Relevant Certifications and Awards

Another way to highlight your accomplishments is by showcasing any relevant certifications or awards you have received. This shows that you have taken the time to invest in your professional development and have been recognized for your achievements.

When highlighting certifications and awards, make sure to explain why they are relevant to the job you are applying for. For example, if you are applying for a marketing position, highlighting your Google Analytics certification would be relevant as it demonstrates your analytics skills.

Highlighting your accomplishments is a crucial part of writing a winning job application letter. By demonstrating your achievements in previous roles, using data to support your accomplishments, and highlighting relevant certifications and awards, you can show potential employers the value you can bring to their organization.

Showcasing Your Writing Skills

When it comes to writing a winning job application letter, showcasing your exceptional writing skills is crucial to increase your chances of getting hired. Employers often look for applicants who have a way with words, can express themselves clearly, and can craft compelling content that leaves a lasting impression. Here are several ways to showcase your writing skills:

A. Highlighting experience in writing

One of the most effective ways to showcase your writing skills is to highlight your experience as a writer. This can include previous work experience in writing-related fields such as journalism, marketing, or content creation. If you have a writing degree, mention it. You can also share published articles or blog posts that you have written to demonstrate your skills in action. Highlighting relevant experience shows that you have the skills needed to excel in the role you are applying for.

B. Incorporating keywords

Incorporating keywords relevant to the job posting can also help showcase your writing skills. Employers often use applicant tracking systems (ATS) to scan resumes and cover letters for specific keywords related to the position. By including these keywords, you can increase your chances of getting past the initial screening process and showcase your understanding of industry-specific language.

C. Proper grammar, spelling, and tone

Finally, it’s essential to ensure that your writing exhibits proper grammar, spelling, and tone. Errors in these areas can undercut the impact of your application letter and send the wrong message to your potential employer. Take the time to proofread your cover letter and resume carefully, and have someone else review them too. Double-check for proper punctuation, spelling errors, and that your tone fits the professional context.

Showcasing your writing skills is critical when applying for jobs, particularly those that require excellent communication skills. Highlighting relevant experience, incorporating keywords, and ensuring proper grammar, spelling, and tone are strategies that can help set you apart from other applicants and make a lasting impression on potential employers.

Using Power Words and Phrases

When writing a job application letter, it is essential to use powerful words and phrases that can help you stand out from the crowd. Here are some tips to help you select the right words:

A. Selecting Strong Action Words

Action words can help demonstrate your skills and experience effectively. Use verbs that showcase your achievements and contributions to your previous roles. For instance, rather than saying you “assisted” your team, use words such as “led,” “managed,” or “initiated” to emphasize your role in driving projects and initiatives forward.

B. Avoiding Common Clichés and Buzzwords

Although buzzwords and clichés may seem tempting, they could potentially undermine the impact of your letter. Instead of using cookie-cutter phrases like “I am a team player,” try to use specific examples to illustrate your ability to work collaboratively. Also, avoid jargon that may not be familiar to the reader and opt for straightforward language that can be easily understood.

C. Crafting Impactful and Persuasive Sentences

To make your letter more impactful and persuasive, use language that emphasizes your strengths and accomplishments. Start sentences with action words and focus on the results you have achieved. Also, be specific and illustrate your points with concrete examples that demonstrate your value to the prospective employer.

When writing your job application letter, make sure to choose powerful words that demonstrate your expertise and experience effectively. Avoid using clichés and buzzwords and instead focus on crafting persuasive and impactful sentences that showcase your strengths and contributions. By following these principles, you can create a compelling letter that increases your chances of landing the job you want.

Formatting and Presentation of Your Job Application Letter

When it comes to writing a winning job application letter, the presentation and formatting of the letter are just as important as the content. Here are some tips to ensure your letter looks professional and polished:

A. Ensure consistency in formatting

Make sure your letter has a consistent format throughout. This means using the same font and font size for the entire letter. Also, ensure that the margins and spacing are consistent from beginning to end.

B. Proper use of fonts, margins, and spacing

Use a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial, in a legible size (such as 11pt or 12pt). Be sure to use proper spacing between paragraphs and section headers. It’s important to have enough white space to make the letter easy to read, but not so much that it takes up unnecessary space.

C. Guidelines on length of the letter

Longer letters can seem rambling and may deter the hiring manager from reading the whole thing. Focus on the most important points and make them clear and succinct. Remember, your goal is to make a strong case for yourself as a candidate, not overwhelm the reader with information.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your job application letter looks professional, polished, and focused on what matters most – your qualifications for the job.

Sample Job Application Letter

Writing a winning job application letter is important if you’re looking to impress the hiring manager and land your dream job. In this section of the article, we’ll walk through a sample job application letter, analyze its strong points, and provide strategies to improve it.

A. Walk Through a Sample Job Application Letter

Dear Hiring Manager,

I am writing to express my interest in the position of Marketing Manager at ABC Company, as advertised on [job board]. With over [number] years of experience in the marketing industry, I believe I have the skills and knowledge to succeed in this role and make a significant contribution to your team.

During my time at XYZ Company, I was responsible for developing and executing successful marketing campaigns that exceeded client expectations and resulted in increased ROI. My experience in digital marketing, social media management, and content creation have prepared me well for this role. I am highly adaptable, and I have a proven track record of implementing innovative strategies to achieve business objectives.

In addition, I am a strong communicator and collaborator, and I work well in cross-functional teams. I am confident that my skills and experience make me a strong candidate for the role of Marketing Manager at ABC Company.

Thank you for considering my application. I look forward to the opportunity to discuss my qualifications further.

Sincerely, [Your Name]

B. Analyzing the Strong Points in the Letter

The sample job application letter has several strong points:

  • The candidate clearly expresses their interest in the position and summarizes their skills and experience in the marketing industry.
  • The letter highlights the candidate’s successful track record in executing marketing campaigns and achieving business objectives.
  • The candidate demonstrates their adaptability and ability to implement innovative strategies.
  • The letter emphasizes the candidate’s communication and collaboration skills.

C. Strategies to Improve the Letter

To improve the sample job application letter, consider the following strategies:

  • Start with a strong opening sentence that grabs the hiring manager’s attention, such as a personal anecdote or a statement about the company’s mission.
  • Use specific examples of your achievements and accomplishments to demonstrate your value to the company.
  • Customize your letter to the specific job and company by conducting research and referencing relevant company initiatives or values.
  • Show enthusiasm and a willingness to learn by expressing interest in the company’s future projects or goals.

By implementing these strategies, you can enhance your job application letter and increase your chances of landing an interview with your dream company.

Writing a winning job application letter requires attention to detail, strong communication skills, and a clear understanding of the hiring company’s needs and values. By following these tips and analyzing examples such as the one above, you can take your job application letter to the next level and stand out from the competition.

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what do you understand by application letter

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  • Career Planning
  • Finding a Job
  • Cover Letters

Job Application Letter Format and Writing Tips

what do you understand by application letter

  • Tips for Writing an Application Letter

Job Application Letter Format

Job application letter template, job application letter example.

  • Job Application Email Example

A job application letter (also known as a cover letter) is a letter you send with your resume to provide information on your skills and experience. This letter is your chance to “sell” yourself to an employer, explaining why you are an ideal candidate for a position.

When you write your job application letter, it’s essential to pay close attention to formatting . There’s a right way to format a cover letter; deviate from the standard guidelines and hiring managers may drop you from consideration.

In fact, anything that makes your job application letter appear less than professional can prevent hiring managers from taking you seriously as a candidate. Make sure your cover letter is formatted properly and is free from errors before you send. 

Tips for Writing a Job Application Letter

Do not copy your resume. A cover letter is a sales pitch. The purpose of this letter is to convince the hiring manager that you’re a strong candidate and to highlight your relevant experience and abilities. Your application letter should show how exactly your background makes you a good fit for a particular position. In contrast, your resume is a general record of your experience, education, and accomplishments.

Tailor each application letter to the job. As mentioned above, emphasize in your letter why you are an ideal candidate for the specific job. This requires that you personalize each letter to fit the company and position. Match your qualifications to the job posting by highlighting the skills, experience, and requirements listed in the description.

Be professional. Application letters have a fairly rigid format—as hiring managers read your letter, they will expect to see certain information included in set areas. You have freedom within the structure to be personable, but it is important to stick to a certain level of formality. Pay particular attention to the professionalism of your salutation . You wouldn't, for instance, want to refer to the letter's recipient by their first name unless specifically requested.

Carefully proofread. Employers are likely to overlook an application with a lot of errors. Therefore, read through your cover letter, and even consider asking a friend or career counselor to read the letter. Proofread for grammar and spelling errors. Be particularly mindful to spell the letter recipient's name correctly, as well as the company name.

Follow business letter format. Use business letter format when writing your letter. If you’re sending a typed hard-copy letter, be sure to lead with a paragraph containing your address, followed by the date, followed by the address of the recipient. If you’re sending an email, you can omit the address and date sections.  

Decide whether to send a hard copy or email. The main difference in formatting an email application letter is that you need to include a subject line that clearly lays out your purpose for writing, e.g. “Graphic Designer—Joe Smith.” And, instead of placing your contact information at the top of the letter, as you would in a hard copy, you'll include it below your signature.

Since your application letter will be accompanied by your resume, make sure the letter does not duplicate your resume exactly.

Use this formatting information as a guideline when writing your customized application letters , so you know what information goes where.  

Contact Information Name Address City, State Zip Code Phone Number Email Address

Employer Contact Information (if you have it) Name Title Company Address City, State Zip Code

Salutation Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name, (leave out if you don't have a contact)

Body of Application Letter The body of your application letter lets the employer know what position you are applying for, why the employer should select you for an interview, and how you will follow up. See below for a paragraph-by-paragraph breakdown of the body of the letter.

First Paragraph The  first paragraph  of your letter should include information on why you are writing. Mention the job you are applying for and where you found the job listing. Include the name of a mutual contact, if you have one. You might conclude by briefly and concisely saying why you think you are an ideal candidate for the job.

Middle Paragraph(s) The next section of your application letter should describe what you have to offer the employer.

It can be a single paragraph, or you can break it up into a couple of paragraphs. If the section gets lengthy, you may use bullet points to break up the text. Remember, you are interpreting your resume, not repeating it.

Mention specifically how  your qualifications match the job  you are applying for. In this portion of the letter, make your case for your candidacy.

It can be helpful to spend some time researching the company —this knowledge and insight helps you make an informed and persuasive argument for your candidacy.

Use specific examples whenever possible. For example, if you say that you have lots of experience working successfully on team projects, provide an example of a time you worked in a group and achieved success.

Final Paragraph Conclude your application letter by thanking the employer for considering you for the position. Include information on how you will follow up.

Complimentary Close (examples)

Signature (for a hard copy letter)

Typed Signature

Download the job application letter template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples.

Melissa Brown 11 South Street Harbor View, Maine 04005 555-555-5555

July 14, 2021

Jason Rivera Human Resources Director Avery Solutions, Inc. 700 Commerce Way Harbor View, Maine 04005

Dear Mr. Rivera,

I was excited when my former colleague, Stephanie Taylor, told me that you were hiring for a Human Resources Specialist at Avery Solutions.

Stephanie has told me how important teamwork is to your group at Avery, and how much you need an HR Specialist who can fit in with the department and hit the ground running on day one. I believe that I am the ideal candidate for your team.

In my current job at Smith Group, I created and run our onboarding program, including organizing background checks and new hire orientation. I also have extensive experience in:

  • Data reporting/data entry on HRIS software
  • Recruiting and hiring processes, including creating job descriptions and postings, screening resumes, and scheduling interviews
  • Producing company events, such as the annual company-wide picnic (100+ employees from across the country)

I’d love to speak with you about my qualifications and what I can do for your team. I’ve attached my resume for your consideration. Please don’t hesitate to contact me on my cell at 555-555-5555 with questions or to arrange an interview.

Best regards,

Signature (hard copy letter)

Melissa Brown

Job Application Email Example 

Subject Line: George Woo – Editorial Assistant

Dear Ms. Cortez,

I was excited when Ada Wilson told me that you were looking for an editorial assistant with a background in rights and research and a passion for digital media. She suggested that I throw my hat in the ring, and I’d love the opportunity to tell you more about what I can offer your team.

I’ve interned for Ada’s team for the past three summers, developing extensive experience with the rights and research process. Last year, I was instrumental in securing the rights to include Sara Frey’s poems in our digital anthology – a first for an online publisher, according to Ms. Frey’s estate.

I also have:

  • Expertise with most popular content management systems, including WordPress
  • Analytics knowledge, including expert-level facility with Google Analytics
  • A strong work ethic and commitment to meeting deadlines

I hope you’ll reach out at your convenience to tell me more about your team’s goals and needs for the coming year. You can reach me on my cell at 555-123-4567 or via email at

How to Get Your Application Noticed

Don’t copy your resume: Your job application letter is a sales pitch. Don’t regurgitate your resume; instead, use this document to sell the hiring manager on your skills.

Tailor your application letter to the job: Match your skills and qualifications to the job description, highlighting those that make you an ideal candidate.

Be professional: Use business letter format and be sure to proofread your letter before you send.

CareerOneStop. " How Do I Write a Cover Letter ?" Accessed July 14, 2021.

CareerOneStop. " Write Effective Cover Letters ." Accessed July 14, 2021.

Purdue University. " Writing the Basic Business Letter ." Accessed July 14, 2021.

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How to write a great cover letter in 2024: tips and structure


A cover letter is a personalized letter that introduces you to a potential employer, highlights your qualifications, and explains why you're a strong fit for a specific job.

Hate or love them, these brief documents allow job seekers to make an impression and stand out from the pile of other applications. Penning a thoughtful cover letter shows the hiring team you care about earning the position.

Here’s everything you need to know about how to write a cover letter — and a great one, at that.

What is a cover letter and why does it matter?

A professional cover letter is a one-page document you submit alongside your CV or resume as part of a job application. Typically, they’re about half a page or around 150–300 words.

An effective cover letter doesn’t just rehash your CV; it’s your chance to highlight your proudest moments, explain why you want the job, and state plainly what you bring to the table.

Show the reviewer you’re likable, talented, and will add to the company’s culture . You can refer to previous jobs and other information from your CV, but only if it helps tell a story about you and your career choices .

What 3 things should you include in a cover letter?

A well-crafted cover letter can help you stand out to potential employers. To make your cover letter shine, here are three key elements to include:

1. Personalization

Address the hiring manager or recruiter by name whenever possible. If the job posting doesn't include a name, research to find out who will be reviewing applications. Personalizing your cover letter shows that you've taken the time to tailor your application to the specific company and role.

2. Highlight relevant achievements and skills

Emphasize your most relevant skills , experiences, and accomplishments that directly relate to the job you're applying for. Provide specific examples of how your skills have benefited previous employers and how they can contribute to the prospective employer's success. Use quantifiable achievements , such as improved efficiency, cost savings, or project success, to demonstrate your impact.

3. Show enthusiasm and fit

Express your enthusiasm for the company and the position you're applying for. Explain why you are interested in this role and believe you are a good fit for the organization. Mention how your values, goals, and skills align with the company's mission and culture. Demonstrating that you've done your research can make a significant impression.

What do hiring managers look for in a cover letter?

Employers look for several key elements in a cover letter. These include:

Employers want to see that your cover letter is specifically tailored to the position you are applying for. It should demonstrate how your skills, experiences, and qualifications align with the job requirements.

Clear and concise writing

A well-written cover letter is concise, easy to read, and error-free. Employers appreciate clear and effective communication skills , so make sure your cover letter showcases your ability to express yourself effectively.

Demonstrated knowledge of the company

Employers want to see that you are genuinely interested in their organization. Mention specific details about the company, such as recent achievements or projects, to show that you are enthusiastic about joining their team.

Achievements and accomplishments

Highlight your relevant achievements and accomplishments that demonstrate your qualifications for the position. Use specific examples to showcase your skills and show how they can benefit the employer.

Enthusiasm and motivation

Employers want to hire candidates who are excited about the opportunity and motivated to contribute to the company's success. Express your enthusiasm and passion for the role and explain why you are interested in working for the company.


A cover letter should be professional in tone and presentation. Use formal language, address the hiring manager appropriately, and follow standard business letter formatting.


How do you structure a cover letter?

A well-structured cover letter follows a specific format that makes it easy for the reader to understand your qualifications and enthusiasm for the position. Here's a typical structure for a cover letter:

Contact information

Include your name, address, phone number, and email address at the top of the letter. Place your contact information at the beginning so that it's easy for the employer to reach you.

Employer's contact information

Opening paragraph, middle paragraph(s), closing paragraph, complimentary close, additional contact information.

Repeat your contact information (name, phone number, and email) at the end of the letter, just in case the employer needs it for quick reference.

Remember to keep your cover letter concise and focused. It should typically be no more than one page in length. Proofread your letter carefully to ensure it is free from spelling and grammatical errors. Tailor each cover letter to the specific job application to make it as relevant and impactful as possible.

How to write a good cover letter (with examples)

The best letters are unique, tailored to the job description, and written in your voice — but that doesn’t mean you can’t use a job cover letter template.

Great cover letters contain the same basic elements and flow a certain way. Take a look at this cover letter structure for ref erence while you construct your own.

1. Add a header and contact information

While reading your cover letter, the recruiter shouldn’t have to look far to find who wrote it. Your document should include a basic heading with the following information:

  • Pronouns (optional)
  • Location (optional)
  • Email address
  • Phone number (optional)
  • Relevant links, such as your LinkedIn profile , portfolio, or personal website (optional)

You can pull this information directly from your CV. Put it together, and it will look something like this:

Christopher Pike

San Francisco, California

[email protected]

Alternatively, if the posting asks you to submit your cover letter in the body of an email, you can include this information in your signature. For example:

Warm regards,

Catherine Janeway

Bloomington, Indiana

[email protected]

(555) 999 - 2222


2. Include a personal greeting

Always begin your cover letter by addressing the hiring manager — preferably by name. You can use the person’s first and last name. Make sure to include a relevant title, like Dr., Mr., or Ms. For example, “Dear Mr. John Doe.”

Avoid generic openings like “To whom it may concern,” “Dear sir or madam,” or “Dear hiring manager.” These introductions sound impersonal — like you’re copy-pasting cover letters — and can work against you in the hiring process.

Be careful, though. When using someone’s name, you don’t want to use the wrong title or accidentally misgender someone. If in doubt, using only their name is enough. You could also opt for a gender-neutral title, like Mx.

Make sure you’re addressing the right person in your letter — ideally, the person who’s making the final hiring decision. This isn’t always specified in the job posting, so you may have to do some research to learn the name of the hiring manager.

3. Draw them in with an opening story

The opening paragraph of your cover letter should hook the reader. You want it to be memorable, conversational, and extremely relevant to the job you’re pursuing. 

There’s no need for a personal introduction — you’ve already included your name in the heading. But you should make reference to the job you’re applying for. A simple “Thank you for considering my application for the role of [job title] at [company],” will suffice.

Then you can get into the “Why” of your job application. Drive home what makes this specific job and this company so appealing to you. Perhaps you’re a fan of their products, you’re passionate about their mission, or you love their brand voice. Whatever the case, this section is where you share your enthusiasm for the role.

Here’s an example opening paragraph. In this scenario, you’re applying for a digital marketing role at a bicycle company:

“Dear Mr. John Doe,

Thank you for considering my application for the role of Marketing Coordinator at Bits n’ Bikes.

My parents bought my first bike at one of your stores. I’ll never forget the freedom I felt when I learned to ride it. My father removed my training wheels, and my mom sent me barrelling down the street. You provide joy to families across the country — and I want to be part of that.”

4. Emphasize why you’re best for the job

Your next paragraphs should be focused on the role you’re applying to. Highlight your skill set and why you’re a good fit for the needs and expectations associated with the position. Hiring managers want to know what you’ll bring to the job, not just any role.

Start by studying the job description for hints. What problem are they trying to solve with this hire? What skills and qualifications do they mention first or more than once? These are indicators of what’s important to the hiring manager.

Search for details that match your experience and interests. For example, if you’re excited about a fast-paced job in public relations, you might look for these elements in a posting:

  • They want someone who can write social media posts and blog content on tight deadlines
  • They value collaboration and input from every team member
  • They need a planner who can come up with strong PR strategies

Highlight how you fulfill these requirements:

“I’ve always been a strong writer. From blog posts to social media, my content pulls in readers and drives traffic to product pages. For example, when I worked at Bits n’ Bikes, I developed a strategic blog series about bike maintenance that increased our sales of spare parts and tools by 50% — we could see it in our web metrics.

Thanks to the input of all of our team members, including our bike mechanics, my content delivered results.”

5. End with a strong closing paragraph and sign off gracefully

Your closing paragraph is your final chance to hammer home your enthusiasm about the role and your unique ability to fill it. Reiterate the main points you explained in the body paragraphs and remind the reader of what you bring to the table.

You can also use the end of your letter to relay other important details, like whether you’re willing to relocate for the job.

When choosing a sign-off, opt for a phrase that sounds professional and genuine. Reliable options include “Sincerely” and “Kind regards.”

Here’s a strong closing statement for you to consider:

“I believe my enthusiasm, skills, and work experience as a PR professional will serve Bits n’ Bikes very well. I would love to meet to further discuss my value-add as your next Director of Public Relations. Thank you for your consideration. I hope we speak soon.


Tips to write a great cover letter that compliments your resume

When writing your own letter, try not to copy the example excerpts word-for-word. Instead, use this cover letter structure as a baseline to organize your ideas. Then, as you’re writing, use these extra cover letter tips to add your personal touch:

  • Keep your cover letter different from your resume : Your cover letter should not duplicate the information on your resume. Instead, it should provide context and explanations for key points in your resume, emphasizing how your qualifications match the specific job you're applying for.
  • Customize your cover letter . Tailor your cover letter for each job application. Address the specific needs of the company and the job posting, demonstrating that you've done your homework and understand their requirements.
  • Show enthusiasm and fit . Express your enthusiasm for the company and position in the cover letter. Explain why you are interested in working for this company and how your values, goals, and skills align with their mission and culture.
  • Use keywords . Incorporate keywords from the job description and industry terms in your cover letter. This can help your application pass through applicant tracking systems (ATS) and demonstrate that you're well-versed in the field.
  • Keep it concise . Your cover letter should be succinct and to the point, typically no more than one page. Focus on the most compelling qualifications and experiences that directly support your application.
  • Be professional . Maintain a professional tone and structure in your cover letter. Proofread it carefully to ensure there are no errors.
  • Address any gaps or concerns . If there are gaps or concerns in your resume, such as employment gaps or a change in career direction, briefly address them in your cover letter. Explain any relevant circumstances and how they have shaped your qualifications and determination.
  • Provide a call to action . Conclude your cover letter with a call to action, inviting the employer to contact you for further discussion. Mention that you've attached your resume for their reference.
  • Follow the correct format . Use a standard cover letter format like the one above, including your contact information, a formal salutation, introductory and closing paragraphs, and your signature. Ensure that it complements your resume without redundancy.
  • Pick the right voice and tone . Try to write like yourself, but adapt to the tone and voice of the company. Look at the job listing, company website, and social media posts. Do they sound fun and quirky, stoic and professional, or somewhere in-between? This guides your writing style.
  • Tell your story . You’re an individual with unique expertise, motivators, and years of experience. Tie the pieces together with a great story. Introduce how you arrived at this point in your career, where you hope to go , and how this prospective company fits in your journey. You can also explain any career changes in your resume.
  • Show, don’t tell . Anyone can say they’re a problem solver. Why should a recruiter take their word for it if they don’t back it up with examples? Instead of naming your skills, show them in action. Describe situations where you rose to the task, and quantify your success when you can.
  • Be honest . Avoid highlighting skills you don’t have. This will backfire if they ask you about them in an interview. Instead, shift focus to the ways in which you stand out.
  • Avoid clichés and bullet points . These are signs of lazy writing. Do your best to be original from the first paragraph to the final one. This highlights your individuality and demonstrates the care you put into the letter.
  • Proofread . Always spellcheck your cover letter. Look for typos, grammatical errors, and proper flow. We suggest reading it out loud. If it sounds natural rolling off the tongue, it will read naturally as well.


Common cover letter writing FAQs

How long should a cover letter be.

A cover letter should generally be concise and to the point. It is recommended to keep it to one page or less, focusing on the most relevant information that highlights your qualifications and fits the job requirements.

Should I include personal information in a cover letter?

While it's important to introduce yourself and provide your contact information, avoid including personal details such as your age, marital status, or unrelated hobbies. Instead, focus on presenting your professional qualifications and aligning them with the job requirements.

Can I use the same cover letter for multiple job applications?

While it may be tempting to reuse a cover letter, it is best to tailor each cover letter to the specific job you are applying for. This allows you to highlight why you are a good fit for that particular role and show genuine interest in the company.

Do I need to address my cover letter to a specific person?

Whenever possible, it is advisable to address your cover letter to a specific person, such as the hiring manager or recruiter. If the job posting does not provide this information, try to research and find the appropriate contact. If all else fails, you can use a generic salutation such as "Dear Hiring Manager."

Should I include references in my cover letter?

It is generally not necessary to include references in your cover letter. Save this information for when the employer explicitly requests it. Instead, focus on showcasing your qualifications and achievements that make you a strong candidate for the position.

It’s time to start writing your stand-out cover letter

The hardest part of writing is getting started. 

Hopefully, our tips gave you some jumping-off points and confidence . But if you’re really stuck, looking at cover letter examples and resume templates will help you decide where to get started. 

There are numerous sample cover letters available online. Just remember that you’re a unique, well-rounded person, and your cover letter should reflect that. Using our structure, you can tell your story while highlighting your passion for the role. 

Doing your research, including strong examples of your skills, and being courteous is how to write a strong cover letter. Take a breath , flex your fingers, and get typing. Before you know it, your job search will lead to a job interview.

If you want more personalized guidance, a specialized career coach can help review, edit, and guide you through creating a great cover letter that sticks.

Ace your job search

Explore effective job search techniques, interview strategies, and ways to overcome job-related challenges. Our coaches specialize in helping you land your dream job.

Elizabeth Perry, ACC

Elizabeth Perry is a Coach Community Manager at BetterUp. She uses strategic engagement strategies to cultivate a learning community across a global network of Coaches through in-person and virtual experiences, technology-enabled platforms, and strategic coaching industry partnerships. With over 3 years of coaching experience and a certification in transformative leadership and life coaching from Sofia University, Elizabeth leverages transpersonal psychology expertise to help coaches and clients gain awareness of their behavioral and thought patterns, discover their purpose and passions, and elevate their potential. She is a lifelong student of psychology, personal growth, and human potential as well as an ICF-certified ACC transpersonal life and leadership Coach.

3 cover letter examples to help you catch a hiring manager’s attention

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3 Examples: How to Write an Effective Application Letter

By Editorial Team on November 15, 2023 — 9 minutes to read

Your application letter should be a clear reflection of you, your skills, and your aspirations. It’s essential to tailor it to the specific job you’re applying for and showcase how you meet the requirements. Stay with us as we walk you through the tips, tricks, and best practices to make your letter shine. By the end, you’ll have the knowledge and confidence to navigate the job application process with ease.

Step 1. Introduction: Expressing Interest

The opening line.

Your opening line should grab the reader’s attention, briefly introduce yourself, and express your interest in the position. This is your opportunity to make an excellent first impression, so keep it clear and concise. For example, you could start with:

“As an experienced marketing professional, I was thrilled to see the opportunity for a Marketing Manager position at X Company.”

Revealing the Source of Information

Next, it’s important to mention where you found out about the job opening. This helps recruiters understand where their outreach efforts are effective and demonstrates that you’ve done your homework. Reference the specific platform, such as a job board or company website, or mention the person who referred you to the position. Here are a couple of examples:

“I came across this position on LinkedIn and believe my skillset aligns perfectly with the job requirements.” or
“Jane Brown, the Sales Director at your company, suggested I apply for this role, as she believes my experience in customer service is a great fit for the team.”

Step 2. Body: Detailing Qualifications

Pitching your skills.

When writing an application letter, it’s essential to showcase your skills. Start by listing the most relevant ones based on the job description. Be specific and mention how you’ve used these skills in previous projects or work settings. For example:

“As a project manager, I have successfully managed teams of up to 20 members, ensuring timely delivery of projects while maintaining a high level of quality.”

Use bullet points or bold text to make your skills stand out. This way, the reader gets a clear picture of your capabilities.

Referencing Your Experience

After listing your skills, provide details about your work experience. Start with the most recent position and include the name of the company, your job title, and the duration of employment. Focus on the responsibilities that match the job opening. For instance:

“During my tenure at X Corp as a marketing executive, I was responsible for coordinating marketing campaigns, managing social media channels, and conducting market research.”

Don’t forget to mention any relevant internships or volunteer work. This information will help paint a complete picture of your expertise.

Demonstrating Your Achievement

Lastly, highlight your accomplishments and show the potential employer why you’re a perfect fit. Use concrete examples and mention any quantifiable results you’ve achieved. For example:

“At ABC Inc., I initiated a cost-reduction program that saved the company $50,000 within six months.”

You can also mention any awards or recognitions you’ve received for outstanding work. This demonstrates that your contributions have been valued and recognized by others.

Step 3. Concluding Your Letter

Seeking further communication.

By the time you reach the end of your application letter, it’s important to express your desire for further communication with the potential employer. This shows that you’re genuinely interested in the opportunity and eager to continue the conversation. Example:

“I am excited about the prospect of contributing to your company’s goals, and I would appreciate the opportunity to discuss this further with you. Please don’t hesitate to contact me at your earliest convenience. Thank you for considering my application.”

Final Goodbye

After expressing your eagerness, close your letter with a polite and professional farewell, addressing the recipient by name where possible. This is not only courteous, but it also leaves a positive and lasting impression. Example:

“ I look forward to your response and the possibility of working together. Once again, thank you for your time and consideration. Sincerely, [Your Name]”

Proper Letter Ending

The complimentary close.

Start by choosing an appropriate complimentary close for your application letter. This part signifies the end of the main content and should leave a professional impression. Some common examples are “Sincerely,” “Best regards,” or “Yours faithfully.” Keep in mind that it’s best to stay formal, so avoid using casual phrases like “Cheers” or “Take care.”

After the complimentary close, press enter twice to leave a space for your signature. This space provides room for your actual signature if you’re submitting a physical letter. If you’re submitting electronically, this space can act as a visual cue that your letter has reached its end.

While signing an application letter, be sure to include your typed full name. Don’t forget to include your relevant contact information, such as your email address or phone number. This will make it easy for the recipient to get in touch with you if they have any questions or require additional information.

Here’s an example of a proper letter ending for your application letter:

[Space for physical signature, if applicable] Your Full Name [email protected] +1-234-567-8901

Post-Writing: Proofreading and Correcting

After writing your application letter, it’s essential to proofread and correct any errors or inconsistencies. This process will help ensure that you submit a polished and professional document that impresses potential employers.

Correcting Grammar and Punctuation

First, focus on your grammar and punctuation. A well-written letter that follows proper grammar rules is more likely to capture the reader’s attention and convey your message effectively.

  • As you’re reading through your letter, keep an eye out for missing or misplaced commas, semicolons, and other punctuation marks.
  • Check for sentence fragments or run-on sentences that make your message unclear.
  • Look for subject-verb agreement issues, as well as any awkward phrasing or wordiness.
  • Ensure consistency in tense and voice throughout the letter.

Checking for Spelling Mistakes

Your next step should be checking for spelling mistakes. Misspelled words can distract the reader and make your application appear less polished.

  • Run your text through a spellchecker; most word processing programs have this feature built-in.
  • Take the time to read through your letter carefully, word-by-word, to catch any errors the spellchecker may have missed.
  • Double-check the spelling of names, addresses, and other specific information to make sure they’re correct.

Examples of Successful Application Letters

When writing an application letter, it’s essential to tailor it to the specific job posting . Check out these examples to help you create a winning letter for different scenarios.

Dear [Hiring Manager],

I’m excited to apply for the Sales Representative position at [Company Name]. With my proven sales record and strong interpersonal skills, I believe I would be a valuable asset to your team.

In my previous role at [Previous Company], I consistently exceeded sales targets and established strong relationships with clients. I’m confident that my experience and passion for sales will contribute to the ongoing success of [Company Name].

Thank you for considering my application. I look forward to discussing my qualifications and how I can contribute to the growth of [Company Name].

Sincerely, [Your Name]

As a creative and skilled Graphic Designer, I am thrilled to apply for the position at [Company Name]. My expertise in Adobe Creative Suite and concept development aligns with the requirements laid out in the job posting.

In my previous role at [Previous Company], I created visually appealing and engaging content for various marketing campaigns. My designs helped increase brand recognition and lead to a 20% increase in social media engagement. I am eager to use my talents and contribute to the visual identity of [Company Name].

I look forward to the opportunity to discuss my skills and portfolio with you. Thank you for considering my application.

Best regards, [Your Name]

As an experienced Office Manager with a strong background in time management and organization, I am eager to apply for the position at [Company Name]. Your commitment to efficiency and supporting your employees is in line with my work values.

During my tenure at [Previous Company], I streamlined scheduling and developed procedures that led to a 30% reduction in office expenses. My proactive approach to problem-solving and ability to create a productive work environment contribute to my effectiveness as an Office Manager.

I am enthusiastic about the opportunity to contribute to the success of [Company Name] by enhancing office operations. Thank you for considering my application.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the key components of an application letter.

An application letter should include the following key components:

  • Contact information: Start by writing your name, address, phone number, and email address.
  • Salutation: Address the recipient professionally, using their name when possible.
  • Opening paragraph: Introduce yourself and state the position you’re applying for.
  • Body paragraphs: Highlight your relevant skills, experience, and accomplishments.
  • Closing paragraph: Reiterate your interest in the position, provide your contact information, and thank the reader for considering your application.
  • Sign-off: Use a polite closing, such as “Sincerely” or “Best regards,” followed by your name.

Can you provide a step-by-step guide on writing a cover letter?

  • Review the job posting and research the company to understand their needs and values.
  • Write your contact information at the top of the letter.
  • Use a professional salutation and address the recipient by name, if possible.
  • Craft an engaging opening paragraph that states the position you’re applying for and how you learned about it.
  • Write body paragraphs that showcase your relevant skills, experience, and accomplishments, drawing connections to the requirements mentioned in the job posting.
  • In the closing paragraph, restate your interest in the position and thank the reader for their time.
  • Sign off with a polite closing and your name, followed by your phone number and email address.

What are some tips for writing an effective application letter?

To write an effective application letter:

  • Tailor the content: Focus on the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the specific job posting.
  • Use strong action words: Highlight your achievements using action verbs, such as “managed,” “achieved,” or “developed.”
  • Proofread for errors: Thoroughly check your letter for spelling and grammatical errors before sending.
  • Maintain a professional tone: Write your letter with a confident and respectful tone, avoiding slang or overly casual language.

How do you customize your cover letter for different job positions?

Make sure to modify your application letter to suit the specific job and company you’re applying to. Analyze the job posting to understand the key requirements and skills the employer is looking for. Emphasize how your experiences and abilities address these needs. Research the company to understand their values and culture, and incorporate that knowledge into your letter to show you would be a good fit for their organization.

What are some common cover letter mistakes to avoid?

Some common mistakes to avoid in cover letters include:

  • Not customizing your letter for each job or company
  • Focusing too much on yourself and not on the needs of the employer
  • Including too much information or making the letter too long
  • Repeating your resume verbatim without providing more context
  • Failing to proofread for spelling and grammatical errors

How can I make my application letter stand out from the competition?

To make your application letter stand out:

  • Use a compelling opening to grab the reader’s attention.
  • Show enthusiasm for the position and the company.
  • Make sure your letter is well-organized and visually appealing, with a professional font and layout.
  • Tailor your letter to the specific job and company, focusing on the most relevant skills and experiences.
  • Offer examples of your achievements to demonstrate your ability to succeed in the role.
  • Proofread your letter to ensure it is error-free and polished.
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How to Write an Application Letter

Last Updated: May 6, 2024 Fact Checked

This article was co-authored by Alexander Ruiz, M.Ed. . Alexander Ruiz is an Educational Consultant and the Educational Director of Link Educational Institute, a tutoring business based in Claremont, California that provides customizable educational plans, subject and test prep tutoring, and college application consulting. With over a decade and a half of experience in the education industry, Alexander coaches students to increase their self-awareness and emotional intelligence while achieving skills and the goal of achieving skills and higher education. He holds a BA in Psychology from Florida International University and an MA in Education from Georgia Southern University. There are 7 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 172,098 times.

Application letters are typically written to accompany school or job applications. The purpose of the letter is to introduce yourself to the decision committee, and to outline your qualifications in a specific way. It can be the only time other than an interview that you have a chance to really stand out in an application, so it's important to get it right. You can learn what to include in your letter, how to style it, and how to format it to give yourself the best chance.

Application Letter Templates

what do you understand by application letter

Writing a Job Application

Step 1 Say why you're writing and what you're applying for in the first sentences.

  • A good example would be: "I'm writing to apply for the Chimney Sweep position advertised in Rolling Stone. I think my experience in the heating industry makes me uniquely qualified for this position. Please find my application materials and a brief description of my qualifications below."
  • Don't write your name until the signature. It'll be in the header and in the sign-off, so there's no reason to put it in the body of the letter itself.

Step 2 Explain why you are the best candidate.

  • Be specific. Who are you? Where do you come from? What's your story? These details are important. HR screeners read hundreds of these.
  • Describe your ambitions. Where do you want to go? How will this opportunity help you get there?
  • What skills and experiences make you the right fit? Be as specific as possible and avoid vague language. It's better to describe a time you solved a specific problem at your last job than to just write, "I'm a good problem solver at work."

Step 3 Keep the tone professional.

  • Tailor it to the business. If you're applying to work at a record store, you need to talk about music. If you're applying to work at a tech company that writes, "Tell us something totally rad about yourself!" it's probably ok to be a little more informal.

Step 4 Explain how both parties will benefit from your selection.

  • Don't over-promise. Telling someone that you can guarantee that you'll be able to turn around their sales figures in six months or less is a good way to get fired in six months.

Step 5 Do some research.

  • Any kind of job requires this type of research. If you apply to a restaurant, you need to be familiar with the menu and the kind of customers the restaurant attracts. Consider eating there a few times before you apply.
  • Don't show you're familiar by criticizing a business and telling them what you can do better. Not the time to offer a harsh criticism of a business plan that you don't really know anything about.

Writing a School Application

Step 1 Address the prompt.

  • Common prompts include things like, "Outline your qualifications for this position" or "In writing, explain how this position would affect your career goals." Sometimes, the prompt will be as short as, "Tell us something interesting about yourself."
  • If there is no prompt, but you still feel the need to introduce your application with a letter, it's usually best to keep it as short as possible. Explain what you're applying for, why you're applying, and thank the contact for their consideration. That's it.

Step 2 Tell your story.

  • Often, college prompts will ask you to describe a time you struggled, or a time you overcame some obstacle. Write about something unique, a time that you actually failed and dealt with the consequences.
  • The board will get thousands–literally, thousands–of letters about someone's first mission trip, and letters about the time someone's sports team was beaten, then overcame the odds, and won again. Avoid these topics.

Step 3 Write about your future.

  • Be specific. If you're writing to a college board, don't say, "I want to go to this college because I need a degree." That's obvious. What do you want to do with it? Why? If you're applying to a business, don't say, "I just need a job." That's obvious. Why this specific job?

Step 4 Don't include stuff that's also on your resume.

  • If you're applying to schools, what do you like about the school? What faculty are you interested in? Why this school, instead of another?

Formatting Application Letters

Step 1 Keep it short.

  • If you don't get a word-count guideline, just focus on making one or two good points about yourself, and keeping it at that. No need to drone on four several pages.

Step 2 Only address the letter if you have someone to address it to.

  • Instead of a salutation, write, "Letter of Application" at the top left corner of the page, or put it in the header on the left side at the top.
  • If you do have a contact, address it to them, making sure the name is spelled correctly. Then space down and start the body of the letter. [10] X Research source

Step 3 Use a standard font.

  • Sometimes, it's appropriate to type your name, then print out the letter and sign it in pen. That can be a nice touch.

Step 5 Put your contact information in the header.

  • Mailing address
  • Telephone and/or fax number

Expert Q&A

Alexander Ruiz, M.Ed.

  • Remember to be formal at all times. Do not use abbreviations anywhere. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 1

what do you understand by application letter

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About This Article

Alexander Ruiz, M.Ed.

To format an application letter, start by including your name and contact details in the document header. When choosing a greeting, only use one if you know the person's name your writing to. Otherwise, give the document a title, like "Letter of application" at the top of the page. For the body of the letter, aim to write no more than 1 page of single-spaced paragraphs using a standard font. Finally, conclude your letter with a formal greeting like "Sincerely yours." For tips on how to write a job application letter, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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Understanding Job Application Letters, Functions, and How to Make It

For fresh graduates and other recent graduates, making a job application letter is something that is less familiar to do. Learn the meaning, function, and how to make the following job application letter!

Nandang Ary Pangesti - 16 August 2022

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Definition of a job application letter, function, and how to make it | Corinne Kutz Unsplash

Application letter A job application is one of the documents attached when someone applies for a job. The main function of the inclusion of a job application letter is to: recruiter find out brief data on prospective workers and the position that the prospective worker wants to apply for.

For fresh graduates and other recent graduates may make a job application letter is something that is less familiar to do. Even so, writing a correct and polite job application letter is something that must be learned. Therefore, part Human Resources (HR) management companies can glance at your profile.

What is the meaning of a job application letter? What should be included in a job application letter? What is the function of a job application letter?  The following is an explanation regarding the meaning of a job application letter. This article will be perfect for those of you who are in the process of looking for a job.

Understanding Job Application Letters

what do you understand by application letter

Application letter is a letter that contains a person's application to apply for a position in a company. Usually, this letter will contain a brief identity, position or job title role who is being applied for, as well as a few sentences that might convince the company to choose the person for the position he is applying for.

A job application letter is one of the most important files for a recruitment stage in a company. Part human resource development (HRD) the company will know what position the prospective worker has registered for. A good job application letter can also be a good impression, especially for positions related to administration.

You need to remember that a job application letter is a different matter from Curriculum Vitae (CV) or curriculum vitae yes! CV is a file that makes informative data about a person's life, whether it's the education history, achievements, and skills of the owner. This letter can be read by anyone from any company because the information is general

Meanwhile, a job application letter is a letter that is more personal in nature because the letter is specifically from a job applicant for one company only.

Job Application Letter Functions

what do you understand by application letter

A job application letter is not something that is attached to a company without intent. This job application letter has several functions that are very, very useful for both workers and recruiters. So what are the functions of a job application letter? The following are some of the functions of a job application letter:

  • As a written introduction media by employees to HRD and the company
  • Make HRD know who we are and what position we are applying for
  • A job application letter will usually include where prospective workers get information about job vacancies, with this the company can also evaluate which platform is more effective at attracting prospective workers.
  • A job application letter will usually provide information regarding any attachments that the prospective employee includes along with the document. That way, the company can ensure that the attachments of prospective workers are complete and nothing is scattered.

How to Make a Job Application Letter

what do you understand by application letter

A job application letter is an essential document for a job seeker . Through a job application letter, a company becomes more familiar with its prospective employees, even though it is only a brief introduction.

Well , it seems less afdal when talking about a job application letter, but it does not discuss the structure of a job application letter and how to make this letter. The following is how to write a job application letter .

Write the place and date the letter was written

The first thing that needs to be done to make a job application letter is to write down the place and date the letter was written. For example:

Surakarta, 12 August 2022

Write about the letter made and the number of attachments

Next, the job candidate needs to include terms and attachments. Writing about the above letter is intended so that the company can quickly sort out the needs of the sender of the letter.

It is also necessary for prospective workers to write down the number of attachment sheets. This attachment is adjusted to any documents that you send along with your job application letter.

If you send documents directly online , make sure to send your job application letter and attached documents in only one document file! This will make it easier for HRD to check all your documents.

Here are examples of things and attachments:

Hal : Job application

Attachment : 6 Sheets

Add Mail Destination Address

The next step, prospective workers can add a destination address or company. Here are some tips for writing addresses.

  • Try to use effective sentences, there is no need to use the words To and Yth together because these two words already have the same two meanings. It's better if you use only Dear.
  • The address is better not to exceed 3 lines so that the contents of the letter are shorter, denser, and clearer.
  • Write the description "Road" without abbreviation
  • No need to use a period at the end of each line

Example of writing address: Personal personnel

at Jalan Tebet Timur Dalam II No.14, Jakarta

Write Best Regards and Letter Opener

Greetings and the opening text is an important part of the letter because it will give an impression to the reader. The greeting that is usually included in a formal letter such as a job application letter is "With respect". 

Add Letter Content

After writing the opening, of course, the letter writer needs to write down the contents that will state the need for the letter. In addition, this section will contain the identity of the sender and a statement regarding the attachment of documents other than the job application letter.

Write a Closing Job Application Letter

Next, another job application letter structure is closing. The phrase that should not be missed in your job application letter is a thank you for recruiter .

Give Closing Greetings and Sign Full Name

Finally, make sure you have added closing greetings and put your signature and full name at the end of the letter. Well Besides that, what is no less important is to make a list of what documents you attach other than that good job application letter fillet that you send by electronic mail (email) or via physical mail envelopes.

Sample job application letter

on Jalan Tebet Timur Dalam II No.14

Yours faithfully

Based on the information I got from's official Twitter account on May 10, 2022, I know that is opening job vacancies for interns in the field of internal content writer . I hereby volunteer for the position, as for my data as follows.

us : Nandang Ary Pangesti

gender : Woman

mobile number : 0838xxxxxx

Email : [email protected]

I have writing experience from the Student Press and Publishing Agency organization. With the experience I've had, I'm sure I can do the job in the position I'm applying for. I have high hopes for the fulfillment of this job application. For your attention, I thank you.

Yours faithfully.

Nandang Ary Pangesti

Appendix List:

  • Curriculum Vitae (CV)
  • Transcripts
  • Recent Photo
  • Certificate
  • Police Record Certificate (SKCK)

Well , that was a discussion related to a job application letter. A job application letter can be an introduction and introduction to the story sheet of a worker in a company.

Make a good job application letter so that the company's HR will glance at you. Don't forget to use polite language. Hopefully there will be good news soon for friends job seeker who is looking for a job huh! Have a good fight!


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what do you understand by application letter

Top Advice for Writing a Good Application Letter that Ensures Career Success after Studying

A n application letter for a resume is optional but an extremely important part of this document. It shows the recruiter your interest in a particular job, which attracts their attention and, accordingly, increases the chances of getting a position.

For the letter to work, it must be approached very carefully. The text should be literate, well-formed, and have a clear structure. Otherwise, such a letter will not only not increase the likelihood of getting a job in a company but, on the contrary, may reduce it to a minimum. If you want to avoid such a situation, you need to read the guide on how to write a  who am I essay for job application . In this way, you will be able to write an application letter that ensures career success. 

What is an application letter?

Such a document usually complements the resume and explains why this particular person is suitable for this vacancy and what they can give the company useful, unlike other applicants. In fact, this is a story about a professional with an emphasis on their potential. It is the letter that stimulates the decision to invite the applicant for an interview in the first place or makes it necessary to postpone the meeting.

Typically, such a paper is not required to respond to a vacancy. Its presence allows you to stand out from the general background. But if the text of the ad indicates the need for an application letter, it is not recommended to ignore such a wish. Also, resumes without an application letter are usually not considered on specialized web resources for job seekers and job offers. Here you just need to create at least a couple of application letters.

In general, many recruiters are positive about reading an application letter. It is easier for the applicants who presented them to interest a potential leader or HR manager. But the application letter for the resume should be logical, briefly present the necessary information and not contain errors.

It is better to use it if:

  • you are still studying or have just received a diploma, and you do not have work experience in the desired industry
  • the task is to change the type of activity or acquire new skills and knowledge
  • you are applying for a position in a major international company.

The last point is the most relevant, as large firms are looking for candidates who know how to correctly present information and themselves.

Of course, an application letter is no guarantee that a resume will be read. But a good copy can get a potential employer to pay attention to you, especially if there is high competition in this area.

On the other hand, such a letter is practically useless if you are looking for a job as a salesperson if you are a cashier or other line specialist. Usually, a future leader or HR manager is simply not able to read a huge amount of responses to these positions. If there are special advantages (for example, a great experience), you can reflect on them.

Conclusion: A well-written application letter will allow the manager to pay attention to your resume, increasing the chances of getting a position.

Structure and content of the letter

How to write an application letter? Most importantly, such a document must comply with all the rules of business correspondence. Naturally, a special structure of the text is required. For all motivational documents, it is, in general, the same:

If you name the recipient at the beginning of the letter, this text will already win over impersonal materials. If you don’t know the name of a person, just contact the department staff. You can start the text like this: “Dear …” or simply with the word “Hello …”, naming the name or post of the potential reader of the letter.

  • The title of the position and a description of the reasons why you need it.
  • A list of the experience of your work that may be useful.
  • Personal characteristics, skills, and abilities suitable for this position.
  • Thanks for taking the time to read the letter.

In the last paragraph, you can also offer a meeting to clarify some questions or an interview.

The end of the text is a proper farewell. Most often, the words “Best regards…” are used for this.

  • Your name and contacts

These points of the application letter and resume must be exactly the same. To reduce the number of errors and for the convenience of the employer, they can simply be duplicated.

If the vacancy is of a creative plan, then it is very good if the application letter contains a portfolio or a link to a folder with works.

Requirement for the style of the material: the text is only official, without filler words, highly professional slang, and colloquial expressions.

Signs of a good application letter

The manager will evaluate such information positively if it is characterized as:

  • The shortest possible . Phrases in business correspondence should be concise, the entire text should take up no more than half an A4 sheet, and reading it requires a maximum of 10 seconds.
  • Capacious . The one who will look at the letter is a person who does not want to waste time. Therefore, the text should contain only the necessary and important information. A large amount of unnecessary information will negatively affect the result.
  • Style appropriate . Strict adherence to business correspondence is welcome. The text should be simple; the presentation should be laconic and without unnecessary emotions (if this is not required for a creative company). Brevity and lack of humor as a means of self-expression are standard style requirements.
  • Demonstrating the individuality of the applicant . There is no need to simplify/complicate the text; it should be light, lively – as in normal communication.
  • Relevant.  Do not add materials to the letter that no longer matter; they are not important to the employer right now.
  • Specific . Information should be as calculable as possible, for which numbers, dates, and percentages are used. This will add credibility and value.

Bottom line: if you need to attract the special attention of an HR manager or a future leader to your resume, you decide to make a great impression on these people and thus achieve the desired vacancy, you need to send them an application letter written following all the rules.

The post Top Advice for Writing a Good Application Letter that Ensures Career Success after Studying appeared first on Sunny Sweet Days .

An application letter for a resume is optional but an extremely important part of this document. It shows the recruiter your interest in a particular job, which attracts their attention and, accordingly, increases the chances of getting a position. For the letter to work, it must be approached very carefully. The text should be literate,...

  • Introduction

Step 1: Start with the FAFSA

Step 2: understand your financial aid award letter, step 3: complete additional paperwork (if required), what about private student loans, navigating the student loan application process.

Affiliate links for the products on this page are from partners that compensate us (see our advertiser disclosure with our list of partners for more details). However, our opinions are our own. See how we rate student loans to write unbiased product reviews.

  • You'll apply for a federal loan with the FAFSA, and a private loan on the lender's website.
  • The FAFSA takes about an hour to complete, while private applications can just a few minutes.
  • You'll need a credit check to get a private loan and to get a Direct PLUS Loan from the government.

If you need help paying for college and didn't receive enough money through scholarships or work-study programs, you may need to take out a student loan to cover the costs of school.

Getting a student loan is a fairly straightforward process. You'll apply for the loan through a federal or private lender , then wait for the funds to be disbursed to your school.

The FAFSA is the key to obtaining federal aid. FAFSA — which stands for Free Application for Federal Student Aid — determines one's eligibility for loans, grants, and work-study. 

To get started, create your FSA ID , which is essentially your electronic signature for the FAFSA. Parents of dependent students also need an FSA ID. From there, check federal and state deadlines. And remember: Applying early is best!

You won't need a credit check with federal loans, with the exception of a Direct PLUS Loan , which is lent to the parents of undergraduate students or to professional and graduate students. This loan is not based on financial need and has a higher interest rate than subsidized or unsubsidized loans. 

Each school that you've been accepted to will send out a financial award letter detailing the aid package being offered. It will include grants, scholarships, work-study details, and federal student loans (subsidized and/or unsubsidized). After reading through your letter, decide which package makes the most sense for your situation. You don't have to accept the full loan amount offered.

If you have the option, you'll want to take out a subsidized loan over an unsubsidized loan . Subsidized loans are made based on financial need, and the government pays the interest on your loan while you're in school. Financial need doesn't factor into unsubsidized loans, and interest begins to accrue immediately. 

Once you've decided on a financial aid package, fill out any required paperwork and keep all your documents in a safe place. From there, sign up for any online sessions explaining your borrower responsibilities.

You'll also need to sign a Master Promissory Note if you choose to take out a loan. An MPN is a legal document you sign to promise to pay back your loan along with interest and fees. You'll also determine the amount of money you want to borrow and your repayment term. The government won't disburse your loan until you sign this document. 

You can generally expect your school to get your federal funds about 10 days before classes begin. You may experience a 30-day delay if you are both a first-year student and a first-time borrower.

Private student loans often come with higher interest rates and fewer protections for borrowers than federal student loans, but you may need to take them out if your federal options don't cover the cost of your school. 

You can find different applications for private student loans on lenders' websites. You'll probably need to provide similar financial and identification documents as you would on the FAFSA, though the requirements will vary by lender. 

Private lenders will run a credit check to figure out if you qualify for a loan, much like the federal government does with Direct PLUS Loans. Discuss details with your particular lender.

You can apply for a private student loan much more quickly than a federal student loan. You could get your rates and see whether you're approved for a loan within a few minutes with some businesses, and most companies will give you an approval decision within 15 minutes. 

If you want to know the status of your loan disbursement, you can usually check a lender's online portal or call customer service. You'll need to agree to terms similar to those in an MPN and sign a binding document.

Once you officially accept the loan, your college will likely get funds from a private lender within two to 10 weeks. You'll get the funds in your personal bank account if you take out a direct-to-consumer loan, while your school's financial aid office will get the money if you take out a school-certified loan. 

You can fill out the FAFSA before being accepted, but you'll need to add schools later to actually receive award letters.

Schools will usually disburse loans at the start of each semester, but timing can vary.

To get help with the application process, visit your school's financial aid office, the Federal Student Aid website , or your high school counselor.

what do you understand by application letter

Editorial Note: Any opinions, analyses, reviews, or recommendations expressed in this article are the author’s alone, and have not been reviewed, approved, or otherwise endorsed by any card issuer. Read our editorial standards .

Please note: While the offers mentioned above are accurate at the time of publication, they're subject to change at any time and may have changed, or may no longer be available.

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Understanding Your VA Decision Letter: A Comprehensive Guide to Navigating the Veterans Affairs Decision Process

  • Veterans Benefits

VA decision letter notifies veterans of the VA’s decision. Discover how to interpret the letter and quality for social security benefits.

what do you understand by application letter

Written by Advisors

Updated August 7, 2023

what do you understand by application letter

When it comes to obtaining benefits, understanding the VA decision letter is essential. This letter serves as the official notification from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) regarding your benefits claim. It outlines the VA’s decision on your application, detailing whether your claim has been approved, denied, or requires further decision review.

 The VA decision letter is more than just a piece of paper; it holds the potential to significantly impact your life. It can determine whether you receive vital financial assistance, medical benefits, or other support tailored to your needs. 

Comprehending the contents of this letter and its implications is crucial for veterans seeking the benefits they are eligible for.

In this article, we will delve deeper into the elements of a VA decision letter, dissect its key components, and explain their significance. We will also guide you through the steps to qualify for the VA disability benefits you rightfully deserve.

What is a VA decision letter? 

A VA Decision Letter is a crucial document generated by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) that informs veterans about the outcome of their benefits application and the decision review of your VA claim. This letter serves as the official notification, detailing the VA’s decision on your disability claim for benefits.

Now, you might be wondering how this letter came to be. After you’ve submitted your application for benefits, the VA thoroughly reviews your case, considering factors such as your service history, medical records, and supporting documentation. They carefully evaluate your eligibility for various benefits, such as disability compensation, pension, health care, or vocational rehabilitation.

Once this evaluation process is complete, the VA generates a decision letter. This letter summarizes the outcome of their assessment and communicates whether your claim has been approved, denied, or requires further review or additional evidence. You may receive the letter by mail, although in some cases, it may be accessible electronically to view the letter online or check your claim status through the VA’s online portal.

The purpose of the VA Decision Letter is twofold. First and foremost, it serves to inform you of the VA’s decision on your benefits claim. This allows you to understand the outcome and the reasoning behind it. If your claim is approved, the letter outlines the benefits you are eligible to receive and any accompanying conditions or requirements.

Secondly, the VA Decision Letter plays a crucial role in the veterans’ benefits process because it establishes the basis for your appeal rights. If you believe the decision made by the VA is incorrect or if you’re dissatisfied with the outcome, the letter provides you with information on how to appeal the decision. It outlines the steps you can take to present additional evidence, request a review, or seek further assistance to pursue the benefits you believe you deserve.

Understanding the Impact on Benefits Application. 

 The VA Decision Letter holds significant influence over the benefits application process , as it directly impacts whether your claim is approved, denied, or requires further review.

 When you receive the VA Decision Letter, it’s a moment of truth. If your claim is approved, congratulations are in order! The VA letter will outline the specific benefits you are eligible for, such as disability compensation, pension, healthcare, or vocational rehabilitation. It serves as an official confirmation that the VA acknowledges your service-related condition and is prepared to provide the support you need.

On the other hand, receiving a denial letter can be disheartening. However, it’s important not to lose hope. The denial letter should provide you with valuable information about the reasons behind the decision. 

It may cite insufficient evidence, conflicting documentation, an insufficient disability rating, or other factors that influenced the outcome. Understanding the specific grounds for denial is crucial, as it allows you to address those concerns when pursuing an appeal or reapplication.

Now, let’s say your claim requires further review or additional evidence. In this case, the VA Decision Letter acts as a roadmap, guiding you on the next steps to take. It may specify the information or documentation needed to support your claim. Be sure to pay close attention to these instructions and promptly provide the requested materials. Remember, this is an opportunity to strengthen your case and increase the chances of a favorable outcome.

How to Interpret Your VA Decision Letter

Interpreting your VA Decision Letter can be a daunting task, especially if you’re unfamiliar with the terminology and content used. However, by breaking it down and understanding its key components, you can gain valuable insights into the decision made and its implications. You can view, download, and share your VA letter without stress.  Let’s navigate through the letter together and shed light on its interpretation.

 Opening and Identification

The letter typically begins with a formal greeting and includes your personal information, such as your name, claim number, and date of the decision. Take note of this information for future reference and verification.

Explanation of the Decision

This section of the letter provides detailed information on the reasoning behind the decision. It may outline the evidence considered, medical opinions, or any other factors that influenced the outcome. Pay close attention to this part, as it helps you understand the specific grounds for the decision made.

 Effective Date

If your claim is approved, the letter will specify the effective date of your VA disability benefits. This is the date from which you can expect to receive financial assistance or other forms of support. Understanding the effective date is crucial for financial planning and managing your benefits.

 Appeal Rights and Options

 If your claim is denied or if you disagree with the decision, the letter should provide information on your appeal rights and options. It will outline the steps you can take to pursue an appeal, including the deadlines, VA form for a veterans appeal, and additional evidence requirements. 

Appealing a VA Decision Letter. 

If you find yourself disagreeing with the decision stated in your VA Decision Letter, there are different decision review options . You have the right to appeal the decision and present additional evidence to support your case. Let’s walk through the process of appealing a VA decision so that you can understand your options and take appropriate action.

Review the Decision Letter

Carefully read through the VA Decision Letter to understand the specific reasons for the denial or the aspects that you disagree with. This will help you identify the areas that need further attention and evidence.

 Understand the Appeal Process

The letter should provide instructions on how to initiate an appeal. Familiarize yourself with the appeal process, including deadlines and any required VA form. Be sure to note the timeframe within which you must submit your appeal to avoid any potential delays.

 Seek Assistance

Consider seeking assistance from a Veterans Service Officer (VSO) or a veterans’ organization. These professionals are knowledgeable about the appeals process and can provide guidance on gathering additional evidence, completing forms, and presenting your case effectively. Their expertise can greatly enhance your chances of success.

 Gather Additional Evidence

 Take the opportunity to gather additional evidence that supports your VA disability claim. This may include medical records, expert opinions, or any other documentation that strengthens your case. Ensure that the evidence directly addresses the reasons for denial or disagreement mentioned in the VA Decision Letter.

 Submitting the Appeal

Prepare and submit your appeal according to the instructions provided in the VA Decision Letter. Pay close attention to any required forms, supporting documents, or specific procedures outlined by the VA. Timely submission of your appeal is crucial, as missing deadlines may result in your appeal being dismissed.

 Await a Decision

Once your appeal is submitted, the VA will review your case again, considering the newly submitted evidence and any additional information provided. This review may involve a reevaluation of your claim by different VA officials or a decision by the Board of Veterans’ Appeals, depending on the stage of the appeals process.

Continue to Communicate

Throughout the appeals process, maintain open communication with the VA and respond promptly to any requests for additional information or clarification. Staying engaged and proactive can help move your claim status forward efficiently.

VA Decision Letter vs. Social Security Benefits Eligibility. 

 While both share the common goal of providing support to individuals, the criteria and processes involved can vary. 

 VA Benefits Eligibility: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides benefits to eligible veterans based on their service-related conditions, disabilities, or other qualifying factors. 

 Service Requirements:  You must have served in the military, generally meeting specific active duty or reserve duty requirements.

 Disability or Condition:  VA benefits often require a service-connected disability or condition, meaning that your disability or condition must have resulted from or been aggravated by your military service.

 Character of Discharge: In most cases, you must have received an honorable or general discharge from military service. Certain benefits may have additional requirements for discharge status.

Social Security Benefits Eligibility:  Social Security benefits, on the other hand, are administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) and aim to provide financial support to individuals who meet specific criteria. 

Work Credits:  Social Security benefits are based on your work history and the number of work credits you have earned through paying social security taxes. The specific number of credits required depends on your age at the time of applying for benefits.

Disability or Retirement:  Social security benefits include retirement benefits, which are based on your age and work history, as well as disability benefits for individuals with severe, long-term disabilities that prevent them from working.

 Medical Evidence: For social security disability benefits, you need to provide medical evidence demonstrating that your disability meets the SSA’s definition of disability and prevents you from engaging in substantial gainful activity.

To maximize your chances of qualifying for both VA benefits and social security benefits, it’s important to:

Understand the eligibility requirements for each program and gather the necessary documentation to support your claims.

Seek assistance from professionals such as Veterans Service Officers (VSOs) or social security advocates who can guide you through the application processes and help ensure you meet the necessary criteria. Feel free to search for free helpful resources online, including checking the Decision Letter FAQ . 

It’s worth noting that eligibility for one program does not guarantee eligibility for the other. They are separate entities with their own distinct requirements. Therefore, it’s important to evaluate your circumstances, review the eligibility criteria for each program, and pursue the benefits that align with your specific situation.

The VA Decision Letter is a crucial document that informs veterans of the outcome of their benefit claim. It plays a significant role in the VA benefit application process, and understanding its contents and implications is essential.

If you disagree with the decision stated in the VA Decision Letter, you have the right to appeal. Seek assistance, gather additional evidence, and follow the instructions provided in the letter to initiate the appeals process.

For further assistance and information on Social Security benefits or medical evidence for a VA claim , contact us , where you’ll find helpful resources and tools to navigate the benefits application process. Advisors

With expertise spanning local, state, and federal benefit programs, our team is dedicated to guiding individuals towards the perfect program tailored to their unique circumstances.

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2024 AACOMAS Letters of Recommendation Guide

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  • February 26, 2024

AACOMAS letters of recommendation are essential to successfully matriculating into osteopathic medical school. Neglecting the importance of these letters will do you absolutely no favors, as a poor or even lukewarm letter of evaluation could mean the difference between acceptance and rejection.

This post will cover AACOMAS letters of recommendation, including what makes AACOMAS letters different, strategies for acquiring the best letters, and how to submit them through Letters by Liaison.

Not sure what application type you need to submit? Read our guide to AMCAS vs. AACOMAS vs. TMDSAS Med School Application Differences to find out how the three application services compare.

What Is a Medical School Letter of Recommendation?

For both allopathic (MD) and osteopathic (DO) medical schools, letters of recommendation (also known as letters of evaluation or letters of reference) provide a respected professional’s unbiased opinion of your skills, work ethic, and ability to succeed in the grueling reality that is medical school. A quality letter from a reputable professor from an academic institution or a medical professional you worked with carries a great deal of weight with admissions committees.

A letter of recommendation is a medical professional’s impartial summary of your unique abilities, so they have a significant impact on admissions committees.

While personal statements are also a vital piece of your application, it could be argued that letters of recommendation are even more important, as a personal statement is inherently biased.

A personal statement is your chance to sell yourself to an admissions committee and paint yourself in the best light, whereas letters of recommendation are impartial evaluations written by respected professionals. This means that as great as you make yourself sound in your personal statement, an admissions committee will likely take their colleague’s word over yours.

Want to know what admissions committees are looking for from the AACOMAS personal statement? Read our AACOMAS Personal Statement Guide .

The Anatomy of the AACOMAS Application

Every year at the start of May, the AACOMAS application opens. Around the middle of June, you will be able to submit your application. Do not procrastinate. Submit your application as soon as possible, as rolling admissions mean your chances of acceptance decrease the later you submit. Stay on top of your deadlines—it could be the difference between being accepted to medical school or being rejected.

Regardless of what the technical submission deadlines are, complete your primary and secondary applications long before the actual deadline rolls around.

Our timeline below includes both possible and ideal schedules.

AACOMAS Medical School Application Timeline

Your letters of recommendation are only one piece of your primary application. To submit a successful application, you must work on multiple application components at once.

  • GPA and MCAT Score
  • Personal Statement
  • Letters of Evaluation (also called Letters of Recommendation)
  • Experiences and Achievements Section
  • Mini Essays
  • Depending on the schools you apply to, you may also be required to take a Casper test or PREview Exam

Read our complete AACOMAS Application Guide for DO Schools for more information about the other application components.

What Makes AACOMAS Letters Different?

AACOMAS letters of recommendation are essentially the same as AMCAS letters, the only real differences being that you can only submit a maximum of six evaluations (as opposed to ten for AMCAS), and at least one of your evaluations must be written by a DO .

It’s important to find out how many letters are required by the specific programs you’re applying to. Many DO programs have strict guidelines around submitting letters, and requirements vary from school to school. Take care to check with each of the osteopathic medical schools you’re applying to before you submit your letters.

For the most part, you’ll be set with four or five strong letters of recommendation across science, non-science, and extracurriculars, but you need a minimum of two for AACOMAS applications.

AACOMAS Letters of Recommendation:

  • 2-6 total letters of recommendation (we recommend 4-5)
  • 1-2 letters from science professors
  • 1 letter from a non-science professor
  • 1-2 letters from your extracurricular pursuits, most commonly DO research and clinical experience.
  • 1 letter from an employer
  • 1 of these letters MUST be written by a DO

If you wish to submit more than six letters, you will need to send those additional recommendations directly to the programs if the program allows it.

If you want to submit a letter packet or committee letter, you must enter the committee chair (or their alternate) as the evaluator. The committee chair will then be required to complete the ratings section and upload one letter, which will include assessments from a variety of committee members, via Letters by Liaison (the AACOMAS Recommender Portal.)

A committee letter only counts as one evaluation, and you cannot ask anyone who contributed to the letter for a separate evaluation.

AACOMAS Letters of Recommendation Strategies

Envelopes and Letters of Recommendation Guide

1 | Begin Developing Relationships Early

Who you ask for a letter of evaluation can make all the difference, so approach relationships with mentors and professors with the idea that they could one day be one of your evaluators.

Relationships take time to build. Begin to cultivate these relationships with potential mentors or professors as soon as possible. To ensure you are communicating with them on a regular but not pushy basis, create a calendar to mark down when you last checked in with them and when you should again.

Share your goals and accomplishments with your potential evaluators so that they can see the progress you’re making. Express gratitude and always be ready to help them in whatever way you can, as relationships are a two-way street.

One of the best ways to meet with professors is to attend office hours. Don’t just sit there and hope for the best; prepare intelligent questions about the class to engage the professor. Keep things professional and polite. Take great care to schedule virtual meetings if you cannot meet in person.

2 | Ensure You Have at Least One DO Letter

You need to have some osteopathic extracurricular experience to be a competitive applicant. MD exposure, as well as research and clinical experience, is still beneficial, but you must have some direct experience with osteopathic medicine.

You cannot successfully apply to AACOMAS without a letter of recommendation from an osteopathic doctor (DO).

If you plan on becoming an osteopath from the get-go, securing an evaluation from an osteopathic professional should be easy, as you will be in regular contact with them. But if you’re still choosing between allopathic and osteopathic medicine, it’s essential to involve yourself in the osteopathic community and seek out osteopathic research or clinical experiences.

Get involved in osteopathic pursuits and make sure to engage with the professor or supervisor on a regular basis. Volunteer, ask insightful questions, and show an active interest in osteopathy. Once you have developed a friendly rapport and feel confident that they hold you in high esteem, ask them for a letter of evaluation.

3 | Prioritize Strong Letters

This point cannot be emphasized enough: You need strong letters. Anything else is a waste of time for both you and your evaluator.

If you scored under an A- in a professor’s class or don’t know them well, do not ask that person for a letter. It is vital that you ask someone who has worked closely with you, knows you well, likes you, and thinks highly of your skills.

If the person you ask shows any sign of hesitation, find someone else. Their hesitation could indicate they don’t have positive things to say about you, they don’t know you well, or they don’t have the time to write you an effective letter.

Whatever the cause of their hesitation, do not pursue it any further. A lukewarm or late letter could severely hinder your chances of acceptance.

Learn more about How to Get Strong Medical School Letters of Recommendation .

4 | Make the Process as Smooth as Possible

Let your evaluators know that they will be completing the evaluation electronically via Letters by Liaison , the AACOMAS Recommender Portal. They will receive the invitation to complete the evaluation by email, so ask them for their preferred email address and ask them to keep a close eye on their inbox (and spam and junk folders) for your evaluation request. It will be sent from [email protected]  unless you choose a different portal, such as Interfolio .

Your evaluators are busy, and they’re likely writing a few letters for your classmates as well. Do everything you can to make the process as smooth as possible by including all the details and instructions they need upfront and by providing them with a deadline—a deadline that’s long before your actual submission deadline. The greatest evaluation in the world won’t matter if it’s late.

Give your evaluators as much time as possible. We recommend two to three months. Set a reminder for yourself to check in with them two weeks before the due date.

For more tips, read our advice on How to Ask for Medical School Letters of Recommendation .

How to Submit Letters of Recommendation to AACOMAS

AACOMAS recommends you submit the letters of recommendation through the Letters by Liaison portal, but it’s also possible to submit them through Interfolio , VirtualEvals , and the US Mail.

Letters must be submitted by the evaluators themselves. After asking for an evaluation either in person or over email and going over the details of the submission process, you will need to request an evaluation electronically.

Your selected letter writers will receive a request that they can either accept or deny.

The Letters by Liaison instructions are as follows:

  • In the Evaluations section, click Create Evaluation Request.
  • Select whether you requested a committee evaluation.
  • Enter the evaluator’s full name and email address.
  • Select the date you would like this evaluation completed by. This date should be at least two months before your program(s) deadline.
  • Enter a brief message or note for the evaluator.
  • Select whether you want to waive your right of access to the evaluation. (More on the below.)
  • Click the checkboxes to indicate your permission to contact your evaluators.
  • Click Save This Evaluation Request to submit it. Once you do, an email is immediately sent to the evaluator.
  • Confirm that your evaluators received the email notification.
  • Use the Check Status tab to monitor the status of your evaluations.

If you see an evaluation is still marked as “Requested” or “Accepted, be sure to contact your letter writer to ensure that evaluations are completed on time. This is your responsibility, as AACOMAS will not notify you about missing evaluations.

The Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) gives you the right to access your letters of evaluation, but you may also choose to waive those rights. You are asked whether or not you want to waive your rights before requesting any evaluations. Your choice will be passed on by AACOMAS to your evaluators as well as the programs you’re applying to. Whatever you choose, the waiver is considered a legal signature and is binding.

If you choose Yes , it means you waive your rights, and you will not be able to see your letters. According to AACOMAS, programs may consider your evaluations to be more accurate if you haven’t seen them.

If you choose No , you may ask your evaluator for a copy of the letter, but you still cannot access it via your application. Programs may consider your evaluations to be less accurate if you do not waive your right and choose to view your letters.

Take every advantage you can when it comes to your application. It’s in your best interest to waive your rights to show admissions committees you feel confident in your letter writers.

AACOMAS Letters of Recommendation Interfolio

While AACOMAS recommends using the Letters by Liaison portal, Interfolio is another option for submitting your letters of evaluation. Interfolio allows you to request letters of recommendation that will go to multiple application services.

If you are applying through multiple different services—for example, if you’re applying through both AACOMAS and AMCAS, AACOMAS and TMDSAS, or all three—then Interfolio is a good option.

Learn how to use Interfolio .

It’s also possible to request your letters of recommendation through VirtualEvals and the US Mail.

Ensure Your AACOMAS Application Stands Out

Med School Insiders will help you curate an ideal selection of strong letters. We offer a range of Comprehensive Medical School Admissions Packages that will pair you with physicians who will guide you every step of the way.

We are committed to creating a generation of happier, healthier, and more effective future doctors. We can help with every aspect of your application, from MCAT tutoring to mock interviews to secondary editing to student advising. Our team is made up of doctors who have years of experience serving on both MD and DO admissions committees, so you’ll receive key insights into the selection process.

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This Post Has 3 Comments

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Where are you getting the information that 1 LOR must be from a D.O.?

The websites for most D.O. schools say that they do not require a D.O. to submit an LOR. It can be an M.D. Some of them do prefer a D.O. but say an M.D. is fine.

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how does a committee letter with 5 writers count as one…does that mean then that you still have to get 2 more? seems crazy

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Hi! What do you do after all your letters of rec are in AACOMAS? I am trying to chose which letters to send to each school but I don’t know how to send these to the specific schools? Any help is much appreciated!

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Biden administration cancels $7.7 billion in student debt for 160,500 people. Here's who qualifies.

By Aimee Picchi

Edited By Anne Marie Lee

Updated on: May 23, 2024 / 11:38 AM EDT / CBS News

The White House on Wednesday said it has approved $7.7 billion of student debt cancellation for 160,500 borrowers, part of its ongoing effort to provide relief after the Supreme Court last year  blocked  President Joe Biden's plan for broad-based college loan forgiveness. 

With the latest round of forgiveness, the administration has erased a total of $167 billion in student loans for 4.75 million people, or about 1 in 10 student loan borrowers, the Department of Education said. 

The people who qualify for forgiveness in the latest round of debt cancellation include public servants such as teachers and law enforcement officers, as well as tens of thousands of people who have signed up for Biden's new loan repayment program , called SAVE. That program, created last year, pegs a borrower's monthly payment to their income, lowering their financial payments, and is designed to fix a pitfall of earlier repayment programs that allowed interest to snowball.

"One out of every 10 federal student loan borrowers approved for debt relief means one out of every 10 borrowers now has financial breathing room and a burden lifted," U.S. Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona said in the statement. 

Concerns about the cost of college are on the rise, with about half of Americans saying college is worth the money only if you don't have to go into debt, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis . And only about 1 in 5 Gen Z college grads say their diploma was worth the investment, compared with more than half of baby boomers, MassMutual found  in a new survey.

Here's what to know about the latest round of forgiveness. 

Who qualifies for loan forgiveness?

The Biden administration said there are three groups of borrowers who have been approved for forgiveness in the latest round.

  • 66,900 borrowers will have $5.2 billion forgiven through the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program, which is designed to help public servants such as teachers, nurses and law enforcement officers get their debt canceled after 10 years of repayments. 
  • 54,300 borrowers will have $613 million forgiven through the SAVE plan. 
  • Another 39,200 borrowers will have $1.9 billion forgiven through adjustments to their income-driven repayment plans. These plans were sometimes mismanaged by loan servicers, which made it more difficult for some borrowers to achieve forgiveness. 

How will I know if I qualify for forgiveness?

The Biden administration said that people who qualify under this latest round of debt cancellation will get an email about their approval. 

The debt cancellation will then be processed in the next few weeks, it added. 

Will Biden offer more student loan forgiveness? 

Yes, because the Biden administration is working on a new effort to provide broad-based loan forgiveness through the Higher Education Act. 

The new plan could provide relief to about 30 million borrowers, either erasing some or all of their college loans. 

The Biden administration on Wednesday said the public comment period on the new regulation closed on May 17, with the Department of Education now reviewing the thousands of comments it received. 

"Our goal is to publish a final rule that results in delivering relief this fall," the Education Department said in the Wednesday statement. 

How can borrowers sign up for SAVE? 

The SAVE plan is open for enrollment here .

The income-drive repayment plan bases monthly payments on income and family size, with some lower-income households with more family members paying little to nothing each month. For instance, a family of four with less than $50,000 in annual income would have monthly payments of $0. 

Another benefit to the program is that it eliminates snowballing interest. In previous plans, borrowers sometimes saw their balances grow if their monthly payments didn't cover all their interest, a financial situation called "negative amortization." That's why some borrowers may have left college with, say, $20,000 in debt but ended up with much larger balances even after years of repayment.

  • Biden Administration
  • Student Debt

Aimee Picchi is the associate managing editor for CBS MoneyWatch, where she covers business and personal finance. She previously worked at Bloomberg News and has written for national news outlets including USA Today and Consumer Reports.

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