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Civil and Construction Engineering Master's Theses

All master’s theses completed through the Graduate College of Western Michigan University since 2012 have been entered into ScholarWorks. Some may be embargoed or restricted by the authors and may be only available from on-campus computers. Print copies from earlier years are available through interlibrary loan. We have a few digital copies of earlier years. If you have any questions, please contact [email protected].

Theses/Dissertations from 2023 2023

Investigating Disparities and Safety Equity in Pedestrian Nighttime Crashes in Michigan , Sia Isaria Mwende

Theses/Dissertations from 2020 2020

Evaluating the Impacts of Building Information Modeling on Construction Change Orders in Iraq , Nehad Alshebbany

Numerical Performance Evaluation of the Wooden Frame Structures with Adhesive Applied Connection under Wind and Seismic Loading , Sharthak Bhandary

Theses/Dissertations from 2018 2018

Establishing Delay-Based Criteria for Installing Traffic Signals at Two-Lane Roundabouts , Oluwaseun Ayomide Adegbaju

From Architectural Design to Structural Analysis: A Data-Driven Approach to Study Building Information Modeling (BIM) Interoperability , Mohammed Aldegeily

Evaluation of Bike Boxes and Protected Intersections with Bicycle Signal Treatments for Improving Safety and Multimodal Mobility at Urban Signalized Intersections , Odai Al Houz

Enabling Robust Distributed Real-Time Hybrid Simulation Method and Expanding Its Applications in Floating Wind Turbine Systems , Mehmet Cinar

Maintaining Deck Profile in Steel I-Girder Bridges During Deck Placement , Ali Naif Inceefe

Theses/Dissertations from 2017 2017

Enhancing Intersection Safety for the Blind and Visually Impaired (BVI) Pedestrian Using Device-to-Infrastructure Communication , Mohammad Sayyah Al-Akash

Visualizing the Constructability of a Steel Structure Using Building Information Modeling and Game Simulation , Mohammed Al Dafaay

Evaluation of Swarm Nodes for Proximity Sensing on Construction Sites , Mohamed Ahmed Madi Binalhaj

Implementing Online Updating to Complex Hysteresis Models in Real- Time Hybrid Simulation Using Constrained Unscented Kalman Filter , Bilal Ahmed Mohammed

Economic Impact Analysis of Bridge Construction , Funda Yavuz

Theses/Dissertations from 2016 2016

Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Crashes in Michigan , Ahmed Abbas Ghubin Al-zubaidi

Comparison of Safety and Operational Performances for Three Engineering Countermeasures , Ali Hamzah Hussein Alzuhairi

Comprehensive Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Pedestrian Countdown Signals on Road Users in Michigan , Richard Atta Boateng

Safety Benefit Analysis of Alternative Delineation Practices in Michigan , Brenda C. Burdick

Verifying Automated Prestressed Concrete Design Software for MDOT Bridge Design Standards , Hussein Kadhim Abood Khalaf

Improved Methodology for Developing Non-Motorized Safety Perfomance Functions , Keneth Morgan Kwayu

Application of Wavelet Transform in Structural Health Monitoring , Yashodhya Swarna Sri Dhanapala Liyana Kankanamge

Analysis of Transit Accessibility for People with Disabilities , Rostam Khalid Mohammed Ameen Qatra

Developing Standard Procedures for Structural Aspects of Slide-in Bridges in Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) , Ozan Utku Ridvanoglu

An Equivalent Plate Model with Orthotropic Material Properties for Adjacent Box-Beam Bridge Superstructure , Timothy Alexander Schnell

Transportation System and Its Association with Human Health – A Review and Modeling Approach , Fnu Zahed

Theses/Dissertations from 2015 2015

Evaluation of the Safety Effectiveness of Clearview Font and Fluorescent Yellow Sheeting on Michigan Freeways and Non-Freeways , Lusanni Mercedes Acosta Rodrieuez

Analysis of Mobility Impact for Implementing Complete Streets , Marino Esteban Calderón Díaz

A Microscopic Simulation Approach to Performance Evaluation of Intelligent Transportation System Corridors: A Case in Michigan , Matthew Levi Clark

Fragility Assessment of High-Rise Reinforced Concrete Buildings , Hezha Sadraddin

Theses/Dissertations from 2014 2014

An Integral Framework for Sustainable Building Design , Bushra Asfari

Economic Analysis of Michigan Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Strategies , Randy José Jorge Díaz

Development of Safety Performance Functions for Non-Motorized Traffic Safety , Hamidreza Ahady Dolatsara

Real-Time Hybrid Simulation with Online Model Updating , Adam Mueller

Overtime Traffic Enforcement Evaluation: A Methodology for Selecting Agencies and Enforcement Periods , Dario Enrique Romero Santana

Virtual Analysis and Evaluation of Roundabout Safety and Operational Features , Elisha Jackson Wankogere

Theses/Dissertations from 2013 2013

Spatial Factors Impacting Non-Motorized Exposures and Crash Risks , Farhad Abasahl

Standardized Longitudinal Connection Detail for Decked Precast Prestressed Concrete Girders , Ramzi Muftah Ali Abduallah

Investigating Crash Frequency and Injury Severity at Freeway Fixed Weigh Stations in Michigan , Fathi Salam Mo. Alkhatni

Safety Benefits of Adaptive Traffic Control Systems: A Case Study of Oakland County, MI , Joshua Adam Fink

Evaluation of Point Cloud Data Dispersion with Relation to Point Cloud Density under Field Conditions , Ling Kit Kong

An Automated Approach to Dynamic Site Layout Planning , Duy Huu Nguyen

Cyber-Adaptive Physical Systems for Automated Construction Progress Monitoring and Asset Tracking , Syed Hammad Rasheed

Theses/Dissertations from 2012 2012

The Implementation of a Versatile Pseudodynamic Hybrid Simulation for Seismic Evaluation of Structural Systems , Chelsea Griffith

Regression-Based Prioritization and Data Modeling for Customized Civil Engineering Data Collection , Omar Kanaan

Statistical and Numerical Integrated Approach for Detecting Onset of Prefabricated Bridge Component Connection Deterioration , Cem Mansiz

Structural Health Monitoring of a Bridge Structure Using Wireless Sensor Network , CheeKian Teng

Theses/Dissertations from 2011 2011

Sensor Modeling and Cost Benefit of Using Laser Scanning Technology in AEC , Fahd Saleh Alaswad

Statistical and Visualization Approach for Ranking Factors Affecting NBI Bridge Rating , Saad Aoun Alqahtani

Solar Modeling and Cost-Benefit Analysis of Energy Efficiency Window Arrangements , Wael Muqhim Alruqi

A Comparative Analysis of the Sense of Construction Delays of Experienced and Inexperienced Engineers , Salahedeen A. El Kadeki

Development of a Versatile Hybrid Testing System for Seismic Evaluation of Structural Systems , Griffin Enyart

Selecting an Optimal Construction Alternative through Informed Decision-Making Highway Bridges , Abdul Wahed Mohammed

Theses/Dissertations from 2010 2010

A Computer Model for Sustainable for Life-Cycle Cost Analysis , Sami Ghurmullah Al Ghamdi

Sustainable Universal Design and Zero Energy for Buildings , Ahmad Mohammad Alotaibi

Integration of Sustainability Measure into Highways , Krishna Prasad Dhakal

Investigation of Damage Detection Methods with a Wireless Sensor Network , Mark Joseph Humiecki

Application of Building Information Modeling (BIM) toward Zero Energy High Rise Office Buildings , Moutaz Mohammed Msawealfi

Design Recommendations for High Skew Link Slabs , Michael A. Romkema

Theses/Dissertations from 2009 2009

Optimization Computer Model for Heavy Equipment Selection , Naif Albelwi

Optimal Placement of Traffic Sensors for Traffic Operation and Management , Nahedh M. Alhubail

An Integrated Database Management System and Building Information Modeling for Sustainable Design , Sultan Althobaiti

The Design and Implementation of a Sensor Network System for Concrete Bridge Health Monitoring , Joseph John Barbera

Barrier-Based Evacuation Plan for University Campuses , Asadur Rahman

Highway Construction Staging and Intelligent Traffic Routing: A Cost Optimization Strategy , Richard C. Rhodes

Theses/Dissertations from 2008 2008

Incorporation of Space Syntax Theory in Determining Safe and Efficient Construction Site Layout , Minsuck Cho

Cathodic Protection of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks , Joshua Thomas Host

Theses/Dissertations from 2007 2007

Data Fusion Technique for Measuring Intersection Delay Using GPS-Enabled Probe Vehicles , Byung-Hee Han

Development of Knowledge Base of Concrete Bridge Maintenance System , Bahre Karam

Health Monitoring of Concrete Bridges Utilizing Sensor Technology , Ammar Zalt

Theses/Dissertations from 2006 2006

Repair, Inspection and Maintenance Methods of Steel Bridges , Deepak Koirala

Computer Model to Select Leed Certification for Building Projects , Ruba Mirghani Mohammed

Simulation Based Evaluation of Parking Facilities , Niru Tiwari

Theses/Dissertations from 2005 2005

Alkali Silica Reaction in Virgin and Recycles Aggregates: State of the Art and Experimental Investigation using ASTM C 1260 and the Staining Method , Shadi Sami Bajjali

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Self-Consolidating Concrete , Bhusan Basnet

Decision Support System for Bridge Maintenance , Imran Fazal

Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete , Sajjad Ali Khan

The Detection of Common Concrete Bridge Deck Defects Using the Thermography, Impact Echo, and Ground Penetrating Radar , Saleh Z. Nabulsi

Theses/Dissertations from 2004 2004

Oxidation of Titanium in Alpha-Calf Serum Solution , Ali Stait Ismailoglu

Theses/Dissertations from 2003 2003

Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Resistance of NI-SIC NANO Composite Coatings on 2024-T3 Aluminum , Amit Jain

Development of a Redesign Plan for Moore Hall using Architectural Principles of Green Building and Sustainable Design , Alkhaziam Saad

Future Housing in the United States: Senior’s Housing Demand , Sandeep Singh

Innovative Contracting Prequalification/Selecion Model using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) , Saad J. Zidan

Theses/Dissertations from 2002 2002

An Imaging System for Concrete Bridge Inspection , Mohammed Talal Al-Bataineh

A Model for Optimizing the Selection of Project Delivery Systems Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) , Arosha De Silva

Metastable Phases of Mgo-TiO 2 Solid Solutions , Liang-Chieh Ma

Building Deconstruction Guidelines: Tools for Recovering Building Materials , Ali Ayedh Merzen

Management Commitment to Construction Safety , Areen M. Shaar

Adaptation of Project Finance to Small Contractor Financing , Ragunathan Venkateswaran

Theses/Dissertations from 2001 2001

Structural Studies of Metastable Nanocrystalline Magnesium Titanate Ceramics , Renmei Xu

Theses/Dissertations from 2000 2000

Texture and Young’s Modulus of Nickel/Gamma-Alumina Composites , Abdulaziz Alamr

CFMMS – Computerized Facilities Maintenance Management System , Prawit Rotsawatsuk

Learning Reinforced Concreyte Design Principles Using a Java-VRML based Design Studio , Amarneethi Vamadevan

Theses/Dissertations from 1999 1999

Quantitative, Non-Destructive Calibration of Scanned Probe Microscope Cantilevers , John Hazel

Development of Mechanical Properties Micromapping for Composite Polymer Systems , Zheng Huang

Intellicrances – A Neural Network-Based Crane Selection System , André T. Mund

Conform- A Computerized Job-Built Concrete Construction Formwork Design , Kajpong Pongponrat

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Construction Engineering Dissertation Topics

Published by Carmen Troy at January 5th, 2023 , Revised On May 20, 2024

The development of construction engineering has significantly influenced the way our society has grown over the last few decades. Recent research in sustainable construction has been much emphasised in the civil engineering industry. The world is now moving towards systems that are considered adaptable, sustainable, viable, and environmentally friendly.

Many developed countries, including the United Kingdom, have developed pathways towards this future in Vision 2030 and even 2050. There are various exciting research opportunities for students when selecting their construction engineering dissertation topic .

To help you get started with brainstorming for construction engineering topic ideas, we have developed a list of the latest topics that can be used for writing your construction engineering dissertation.

These topics have been developed by PhD-qualified writers of our team , so you can trust to use these topics for drafting your dissertation.

You may also want to start your dissertation by requesting  a brief research proposal  from our writers on any of these topics, which includes an  introduction  to the topic,  research question ,  aim and objectives ,  literature review  along with the proposed  methodology  of research to be conducted.  Let us know  if you need any help in getting started.

Check our  dissertation examples  to get an idea of  how to structure your dissertation .

Review the full list of  dissertation topics for 2022 here.

Latest Construction Engineering Dissertation Topics

Topic 1: the impact of virtual reality on enhancing customer experience and decreasing on-site visits to construction projects.

Research Aim: The aim is to evaluate the impact of virtual reality on enhancing customer experience and decreasing on-site visits to construction projects

Objectives:

  • To understand the significance of incorporating VR in the UK construction projects
  • To analyse the effect of VR on enhancing customer experience
  • To examine the impact of VR on reducing the number of on-site visits

Topic 2: The incorporation of AI in UK based construction projects to forecast costs accurately and mitigate safety and productivity issues

Research Aim: The aim focuses on examining how the incorporation of AI in UK construction projects can help in forecasting costs accurately and mitigating safety and productivity issues

  • To explore the significance of incorporating AI in construction projects
  • To evaluate how forecasting of costs can be done accurately with the incorporation of AI in the UK construction projects
  • To understand how safety and productivity issues can be mitigated effectively with the integration of AI in UK construction projects

Topic 3: The impact of workforce restrictions and supply chain disruptions due to the coronavirus pandemic on the growth of the UK construction sector

Research Aim: The research aim concentrates on exploring the impact of workforce restrictions and supply chain disruptions due to the coronavirus pandemic on the growth of the UK construction sector

  • To evaluate the different impacts of the coronavirus pandemic on the UK construction sector
  • To determine how supply chain disruptions due to the pandemic have influenced the growth of the UK construction sector
  • To examine how workforce restrictions due to this pandemic have impacted the growth of the UK construction sector

Topic 4: The importance of five elements of Business Information Modeling and how these elements of BIM are minimising operation costs and increasing the productivity in UK construction projects

Research Aim: The aim is to evaluate the importance of five elements of Business Information Modeling and how these elements of BIM are minimising operation costs and increasing productivity in UK construction projects

Objectives :

  • To understand Business Information Modeling and its five elements
  • To determine how these elements of BIM are minimising operation costs in the UK based construction projects
  • To examine how these elements of BIM are increasing the productivity  in the UK based construction projects

Topic 5: An examination of different ways through which a site waste management plan in UK construction projects helps in using recyclable products and mitigating contamination

Research Aim: The research aim explores different ways through which a site waste management plan in UK construction projects helps in using recyclable products and mitigating contamination

  • To examine the importance of the site waste management plan in UK construction projects
  • To determine how an efficient site waste management plan can help in recycling waste products
  • To evaluate how an efficient site waste management plan can aid in mitigating contamination

List Of Top Construction Engineering Dissertation Topics

  • Utilisation of renewable energy resources in the development of sustainable homes
  • Sustainability and its impact on societies; Visualising a constructive future.
  • Achieving sustainability from properties of concrete; Analyses of the recent research and developments.
  • The lean manufacturing techniques and the role of management in construction
  • Construction Safety; is there a need to revise or re-model the practices/legislations, reviewing the accidental trends and role of legislation?
  • Multilingual safety in construction; reviewing the current industrial practices and the need to improve, highlighting the actual issues of migrant workers in the construction industry
  • Analysis of the impact of the latest technology in the construction Industry
  • The role of Business Information Modelling (BIM) in the Construction Industry; assessment of practices, management, and productivity through such computer-aided tools
  • Procurement techniques; analyses of the most suited procurement strategies in the construction industry
  • Is there a need for an integrated model that can replace all other management tools? Review of how the construction industry can be revolutionised through the use of state-of-the-art computer-aided techniques
  • Construction Management; highlighting the best practices in modern construction projects
  • Zero carbon structures; use of technology to develop zero-carbon buildings
  • Waste minimisation in construction projects; identifying the best practices
  • Use of Waste in construction; how demolition can be modelled to construct new structures
  • Construction materials analyses; timber, steel, or concrete? Investigation of materials for optimum material utilisation.
  • Design of Effective ventilation systems in high-rise buildings
  • How Is Building Information Modeling (BIM) Transforming Construction Project Delivery?
  • Is Prefabricated Construction A Sustainable Solution for Affordable Housing?
  • The Role of Virtual Reality (VR) in Construction Design and Training
  • Can drones be used in construction to increase transparency and traceability?
  • The Impact of Brexit on Construction Material Supply Chains and Costs
  • The Impact of big data analysis in prediction in the construction industry 
  • The Impact of Autonomous Vehicles on Construction Logistics and Transportation
  • The Role of Community Engagement in Large-Scale Construction Projects
  • The Challenges and Opportunities of High-Performance Buildings

COVID-19 Civil Engineering Research Topics

Construction engineering after coronavirus: identify the consequences of covid-19 on construction engineering in the uk or any country of your choice..

Research Aim: This research will focus on identifying the impacts of Coronavirus on construction engineering in the selected country.

Research to study the damage caused to the construction projects due to the lack of workers on site.

Research Aim: This study will focus on identifying the damage caused to construction projects as the workers are staying away from the sites. What measures are taken to complete these projects and recover the loss?

Contractors and Builders after COVID-19: business industry, tender opportunities, and planning to continue business.

Research Aim: This research aims to identify the conditions faced by contractors and builders. What is their plan to deal with the COVID-19 crisis? How did it affect the business industry and tender opportunities?

Cite Operating Procedures: research the various safety measures for workers, contractors, and engineers working on construction sites.

Research Aim: This research is conducted to know about various safety measures taken by the government and private organisations for workers, contractors, and engineers working on construction sites.

Investigate how civil engineers are working from home: Identify whether remote working can be a long-lasting solution to recover the loss caused by COVID-19.

Research Aim: Remote working has emerged as a ray of hope for mechanical engineers amid this pandemic. This research will focus on the advantages and disadvantages of remote working and also answer the question of whether it is a long-lasting solution or not.

Research to study the economic and labour crisis as a result of Coronavirus.

Research Aim: This research will focus on the financial loss and labour crisis caused by the outbreak of the Coronavirus pandemic.

Research to study the disruption of the supply chain, shortage of contractors, workers, and material, and cancellation of contracts due to COVID-19

Research Aim: This research will focus on identifying the disruption of the supply chain, shortage of contractors, workers, and materials, and cancellation of contracts due to COVID-19.

Research to throw light on the future of the construction Industry after the Coronavirus pandemic.

Research Aim: This research will predict how the construction industry will transform after the COVID-19 pandemic. What challenges it may face, and what could be the possible ways to meet those challenges?

Also Read:   Mechanical Engineering Dissertation Topics

Note: Some of these topics may require students to undertake primary research, which includes developing questionnaires, survey forms, and interviews, whilst others are based on desk-based research.

How Can ResearchProspect Help?

ResearchProspect writers can send several custom topic ideas to your email address. Once you have chosen a topic that suits your needs and interests, you can order for our dissertation outline service , which will include a brief introduction to the topic, research questions , literature review , methodology , expected results , and conclusion . The dissertation outline will enable you to review the quality of our work before placing the order for our full dissertation writing service !

Important Notes

As a construction engineering student looking to get good grades, it is essential to develop new ideas and experiment with existing construction engineering theories – i.e., to add value and interest to your research topic.

The field of construction engineering is vast and interrelated to so many other academic disciplines like  civil engineering , chemical engineering , mechanical engineering , engineering and more. That is why it is imperative to create a construction engineering dissertation topic that is particular and sound and actually solves a practical problem that may be rampant in the field.

We can’t stress how important it is to develop a logical research topic; it is the basis of your entire research. There are several significant downfalls to getting your topic wrong: your supervisor may not be interested in working on it, the topic has no academic creditability, the research may not make logical sense, and there is a possibility that the study is not viable.

This impacts your time and efforts in  writing your dissertation , as you may end up in a cycle of rejection at the very initial stage of the dissertation. That is why we recommend reviewing existing research to develop a topic, taking advice from your supervisor, and even asking for help in this particular stage of your dissertation.

While developing a research topic, keeping our advice in mind will allow you to pick one of the best construction engineering dissertation topics that fulfil your requirement of writing a research paper and add to the body of knowledge.

Therefore, it is recommended that when finalising your dissertation topic, you read recently published literature to identify gaps in the research that you may help fill.

Remember- dissertation topics need to be unique, solve an identified problem, be logical, and be practically implemented. Take a look at some of our sample construction engineering dissertation topics to get an idea for your own dissertation.

How to Structure Your Dissertation on Construction Engineering

A well-structured   dissertation can help students   to achieve a high overall academic grade.

  • A Title Page
  • Acknowledgements
  • Declaration
  • Abstract: A summary of the research completed
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction : This chapter includes the project rationale, research background, key research aims and objectives, and the research problems. An outline of the structure of a dissertation can also be added to this chapter.
  • Literature Review :  This chapter presents relevant theories and frameworks by analysing published and unpublished literature available on the chosen research topic in light of the research questions to be addressed. The purpose is to highlight and discuss the relative weaknesses and strengths of the selected research area whilst identifying any research gaps. Break down of the topic, and key terms can positively impact your dissertation and your tutor.
  • Methodology: The  data collection  and  analysis methods and techniques employed by the researcher are presented in the Methodology chapter, which usually includes  research design, research philosophy, research limitations, code of conduct, ethical consideration, data collection methods, and  data analysis strategy .
  • Findings and Analysis: Findings of the research are analysed in detail under the Findings and Analysis chapter. All key findings/results are outlined in this chapter without interpreting the data or drawing any conclusions. It can be useful to include  graphs , charts, and   tables in this chapter to identify meaningful trends and relationships.
  • Discussion and  Conclusion: The researcher presents his interpretation of the results in this chapter and states whether the research hypothesis has been verified or not. An essential aspect of this section of the paper is to link the results and evidence from the literature. Recommendations with regard to the implications of the findings and directions for the future may also be provided. Finally, a summary of the overall research, along with final judgments, opinions, and comments, must be included in the form of suggestions for improvement.
  • References:  This should be completed in accordance with your University’s requirements
  • Bibliography
  • Appendices: Any additional information, diagrams, and graphs used to complete the  dissertation  but not part of the dissertation should be included in the Appendices chapter. Essentially, the purpose is to expand the information/data.

About ResearchProspect Ltd

ResearchProspect is a  UK based academic writing service that provides help with  Dissertation Proposal Writing ,  PhD Proposal Writing ,  Dissertation Writing ,  Dissertation Editing, and Improvement .

Our team of writers is highly qualified. They are experts in their respective fields. They have been working in the industry for a long time and thus are aware of the issues and trends of the industry they are working in.

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How to find dissertation topics about construction engineering.

For construction engineering dissertation topics:

  • Investigate emerging technologies.
  • Explore sustainability challenges.
  • Analyse project management techniques.
  • Consider safety innovations.
  • Examine cost-effective practices.
  • Consult experts and industry sources.

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Home > Durham School > Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Durham School of Architectural Engineering and Construction

Department of construction engineering and management: dissertations, theses, and student research.

Development of Reduced Cementitious Materials Concrete (RCMC) Mixtures for Bridge Decks and Rails , Soumitra Das

Using Cost Simulation and Computer Vision to Inform Probabilistic Cost Estimates , Shu Jing Ding

Repair and Strengthening of Concrete Bridges Using Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (UHPC) , Antony Kodsy

Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) Deck-To-Girder Connection For Accelerated Bridge Construction , Mostafa Abo El-Khier

Bayes’ Network and Smart Sensors – Occupancy Detection , Donald Tryon

The Impact of Extreme Virtual Elevation above Grade on Construction Workers' Physiological Responses, Physical Responses, and Task Performance , Mahmoud Habibnezhad

A Study on Residential Construction Energy Code Compliance in Nebraska , Aaron Thompson

PREDICTING CONSTRUCTION LABOR PRODUCTIVITY WITH BAYESIAN BELIEF NETWORKS , Ayoub Hazrati

ASSESSING GAIT AND POSTURAL STABILITY OF CONSTRUCTION WORKERS USING WEARABLE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS , Houtan Jebelli

Estimation of Optimal Productivity in Labor-Intensive Construction Operations , Krishna Prasad Kisi

A Framework for Estimating Labor Productivity Frontiers , Nirajan Mani

AIRBORNE INFECTION IN HEALTHCARE ENVIRONMENTS: IMPLICATIONS TO HOSPITAL CORRIDOR DESIGN , Ehsan Mousavi

Evaluate Students’ Learning Effectiveness of HVAC System Using 3D Game Animation , Lalitha Devi Nandam

Evaluating the Impact of Bridge Deck Removal Method on the Performance of Precast/Prestressed Concrete I-Girders , Shaddi Assad

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BASE-ISOLATED AND FIXED-BASE BUILDINGS USING A DAMAGE/COST APPROACH , Martin Lashgari

Precast Concrete Insulated Wall Panel Corbels without Thermal Bridging , Mohamed Elkady

Precast/Prestressed Concrete Truss-Girder for Roof Applications , Peter S. Samir

AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACTS OF TEMPERATURE SEGREGATION ON HOT MIX ASPHALT , Thaddaeus A. Bode

Efficient Prestressed Concrete-Steel Composite Girder for Medium-Span Bridges , Yaohua Deng

Automatic Object Recognition and Registration of Dynamic Heavy Equipment Using a Hybrid LADAR System , Mengmeng Gai

Applications of Cobb-Douglas Production Function in Construction Time-Cost Analysis , Ashkan Hassani

EFFICIENT PRECAST/PRESTRESSED FLOOR SYSTEM FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION , Eliya Henin

Curriculum Development for Recession Displaced Workers in Green Construction Industries , John Earl Killingsworth

In-Plane Shear Resistance of Sustainable Structural Walls With Large Openings , Matija Radovic

Determining a Community Retrofit Strategy for the Aging Housing Stock Using Utility and Assessor Data , Nathan A. Barry

Effectiveness Study on Temporary Pavement Marking Removals Methods , Koudous Kabassi

Effectiveness study of Non-Nuclear Gauge for Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Pavement Construction , Ziqing Zhuang

Affordable Lightweight High Performance Concrete (ALWHPC) - Expanding The Envelope of Concrete Mix Design , Kevin J. Simons

Development of High Performance Precast/Prestressed Bridge Girders , Amin K. Akhnoukh

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  • Northeastern University
  • College of Engineering
  • Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
  • Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Theses and Dissertations
  • Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Master's Theses
  • Engineering Management Master's Theses

Engineering Management Master's Theses Collection

http://hdl.handle.net/2047/D20233329

Chemo prevention treatment for women with high risk to develop breast cancer

Design for internet of things

An environmental input-output analysis of Boston's climate action plan

Examining agile management methods and non-agile management methods in global software development projects

Multi-resolution approach to identification of recurring patterns in process signal

Proposing a measure to evaluate the impact of the sharing economy: a critical analysis of short-term residential rentals.

Construction Engineering Management

Application deadline.

  • Fall: May 15
  • Winter: Sep 15

Contact Information

  • Employment History
  • Three letters of recommendation - request letters of recommendation from previous professors or professionals
  • Statement of intent
  • Describe your educational and career objectives and how graduate work will fit those goals
  • Credit hours:  Thesis program : 31 minimum approved hours including 6 thesis hours and 1 hour of Graduate Seminar.  Project program : 31 minimum approved hours including 3 project hours and 1 hour of Graduate Seminar.
  • Program of Study: the graduate program of study must be submitted during the first semester of graduate study.
  • Evaluations: evaluation of the student's graduate program progress by his/her department advisor is required at least twice each academic year.
  • Residency requirements: residency is required for the major part of the work. This work must be completed under the specific direction of a graduate faculty member while the student is in residence at BYU. “In residence” is defined as (1) being registered for credit as a graduate student and (2) living and conducting research in the general vicinity of the university, where the student has ready access to research facilities and consultation with the faculty. Further, all work must be completely open for university review and publication. Any exceptions to the above must be supported by written approval from the department and college and obtained in advance of any work being performed.
  • Prospectus: Students must submit a written prospectus on their proposed research topic during their first semester of graduate seminar.
  • Examinations: students must complete an oral defense of thesis or oral presentation of project.
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Suburbanization Problems in the USSR : the Case of Moscow

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  • Référence bibliographique

Gornostayeva Galina A. Suburbanization Problems in the USSR : the Case of Moscow . In: Espace, populations, sociétés , 1991-2. Les franges périurbaines Peri-urban fringes. pp. 349-357.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.3406/espos.1991.1474

www.persee.fr/doc/espos_0755-7809_1991_num_9_2_1474

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Résumé (fre)

La suburbanisation n'existe pas en URSS au sens des phénomènes décrits dans les villes occidentales. Cependant on observe certains transferts limités d'activités industrielles exigeantes en espace ou polluantes, voire même de centres de recherches, vers les zones suburbaines ou des villes-satellites. Mais ces déconcentrations répondent à une logique de planification administrative. En outre, les Moscovites hésitent à aller habiter dans ces centres d'emploi, de crainte de perdre les privilèges liés à l'autorisation d'habiter Moscou (la propiska) et du fait des communications insuffisantes avec la capitale. Le taux de croissance de la population moscovite reste supérieur à celui du reste de l'oblast. Par contre le développement de datchas de seconde résidence est très important dans l'oblast de Moscou, en particulier aux alentours des stations de chemin de fer. L'abolition du système de propiska pourrait transformer les datchas les plus proches de Moscou en résidences principales.

Résumé (eng)

The suburbanisation does not exist as such in the USSR with the meaning one has of the phenomena in Western cities. Though one may notice some limited transfers of industrial activities demanding a lot of space or polluting ones, even research centres, towards the suburban areas or satellite-towns. But these déconcentrations correspond to an administrative planification logics. Moreover the Muscovites hesitate before going and living in these employment centres, because they are afraid of loosing the privileges linked with the authorisation to live in Moscow (the propiska) and because of insufficient communications with the capital. The growth rate of the Muscovite population remains higher than this of the remainder of the oblast. To the contrary developing of datchas for second residences is very high in the Moscow oblast, especially in the vicinity of a railway station. The abolishment of the «propiska» system might transform the datchas nearer to Moscow into main residences.

  • Economic structure [link]
  • Suburbanization of activities [link]
  • Suburbanization of population [link]
  • Conclusions [link]
  • Literature [link]

Liste des illustrations

  • Table 1. Employment structure, % [link]
  • Table 2. Annual rate of population increase, % [link]
  • Fig. 1. Spatial distribution of country-cottages and gardening associations in the Moscow region [link]

Texte intégral

Galina A. GORNOSTAYEVA

Moscow University

Suburbanization Problems

in the USSR :

the Case of Moscow

Suburbanization processes typical to cities in Western Europe, the USA and other countries are not observed in the USSR or they are distorted to such an extent that they may not be compared with existing standards. This states the question how Soviet cities-succeeded in escaping this stage of urban development. In order to answer this question, we should first summarize the main aspects of Western suburbanization.

Firstly, it is well known that the urbanization processes are linked to structural changes in the economy. Thus the transition from the stage of concentration to this of suburbanization is associated with industrialization, and the transition to the third stage - déconcentration - is related with the rapid growth of employment in the non-industrial sphere. Secondly, a suburbanization of economic activities can be distinguished. It applies in the first place to the building and iron- working industry, transports, engineering and chemical works. These are polluting and requiring extensive areas. This suburbanization of industry is caused by the following factors: rising demand for land from firms ; worsening of transport

tions in the inner cities ; demand for lower land costs and taxation levels in suburbs ; rapid growth of road transports; state policies regulating the growth of large cities ; migration of the labour force to the suburban zones. Scientific and educational activities are also transferred from the centre to the suburbs.

The third important aspect of suburbanization applies to the population. In the suburbs two opposite flows of population meet ; one is centripetal, coming from non- metropolitan regions, the other is centrifugal, coming from the central city. The reasons for the migration to the suburbs are as follows : declining living standards in large cities (overcrowding, slow housing renewal, environmental problems, etc.); growth of motorization of the population, development of communications (telephone, telex, fax, computer) ; intensifying decentralization of working places ; lower land prices in the suburbs ; state support for the intensification of real estate development in the suburbs. The above-mentioned factors and reasons for suburbanization are altered in the Soviet cities. Let us explore them, by taking for example the largest one - Moscow.

Economic structure

The employment structure in the USSR reveals sharp differences from those in developed urbanized countries. The USSR is characterized by a high share of employment in agriculture, industry, construction and a low share in the non-industrial sphere (tab. 1).

A correlation analysis of the percentage of urban population and employment in the different spheres of economic activity reveals that the share of urban population in the USSR is higher than in countries with the same percentage of persons employed in agriculture.

TABLE 1. EMPLOYMENT STRUCTURE,

construction engineering management thesis

Source: personal calculations.

The urbanization processes in the Moscow Capital Region (MCR) are more intensive than in other regions of the USSR. Structural changes are more obvious here : the share of employment in the non-industrial sphere increases more substantially and the percentage of persons employed in industry and agriculture is lower than in the whole country. However the MCR cannot therefore be compared with a metropolitan region in a Western country. Although Moscow is the most advanced agglomeration in the USSR, it lags is far behind the major world cities in terms of development and it is at the very start of the post- industrial stage of its structural and urban transformation.

The structural «anomaly» of the USSR as a whole and of the MCR in particular is explained by the enforced process of industrialization (starting from the thirties) at the expense of the peasantry (thus, there is not only a booming industrial employment in cities, but also worsening living and working conditions in villages and forced collectivization having triggered off the massive rural emigration). As a result, the share of urban population in the USSR is higher than expected, based on changes in the economic structure. While urbanization in the developed countries was due, among

other causes, to an increasing labour efficiency in agriculture, this remained quite low in the USSR. Therefore the employment share in agriculture is overstated in comparison with countries with a similar percentage of urban population, and even this considerable part of the labour force is unable to feed the whole population of the country.

The share of agricultural employment in the mcr increased from 7,4 % to 7,6 °7o between 1980 and 1985 (as a result of Moscow attractiveness and the better living standards in its surrounding villages), whereas it continued to decline in other parts of the Central region. The population growth in villages adjacent to Moscow is especially intensive, though labour efficiency in localities near Moscow is higher than in the other oblasts. In spite of this, Moscow oblast provides only 61 % of milk, 34 °/o of potatoes, 45 % of vegetables and 23 % of meat needed by the population in Moscow city and oblast (Argumen- ty i facty, 1988, N50, p. 3). The structural anomaly is not only related to processes in agricultural sphere but also in industrial sector. As a result of the low economic mobility of socialist firms and of the absence of market relations, the industrial development was extensive,

without significant increases of the labour

productivity.

Thus the employment transfer from the

agricultural to the industrial sector, their

extensive development and their low labour

productivity are intrinsically related with the political definition of productiorfrela- tions and course of structural economic transformation.

Suburbanization of activities

Moscow and Moscow oblast show divergent economic structures and changes (tab. 1). In Moscow the employment share in the non-industrial sphere in Moscow is growing more rapidly, whereas the share of industrial employment is decreasing. In Moscow oblast the part of transport and communication infrastructure, retail trade, administration, housing (presently less developed than in Moscow) is increasing. Some stages in the transformation of activities in the mcr's settlements may be pointed out here. The stage of industrialization and reconstruction after World War II is characterized by the swift industrial development and the active restructuration of the Moscow and Moscow oblast economy. New industries have been built (motor-car and aircraft assembly, machine-tool industry, organic synthesis, etc.), around Moscow research and production potential. Nevertheless, this restructuration is extensive, since traditional industries don't curtail production. It favours the heavy concentration of modern functions in Moscow. There is no transfer of firms outside Moscow. Suburbanization of industrial activities did not occur because of the state owning the means of production and of thé socialist form of production relations. When research and technological progress are slowing down, these firms become inefficient and spatially immobile. The period 1956-1970 is marked by an intensive development of the region scientific sphere and by the rise of « satellite » urban policy. The new centres were specialized in modern branches of machinery and research-engineering activities and were undoubtedly very attractive for the population. Therefore towns like Dubna were growing rapidly. While the aim was to redirect part of Moscow population

growth, they display a quite specific relation with the capital. For instance, Muscovites working in Pushchino cannot reach their job every day because they lack transport facilities. Nevertheless, they don't wish to move and register their passports in the city in which they actually work, since they would have to give up their Moscow registration and then lose all Moscow privileges (see further). These new centres are isolated from information sources in Moscow. Poor telephone communications, lack of computers and telex systems hamper contacts and teamwork with colleagues in the city. It seems that material resources for experimental work in research centres are not sufficient to compensate for lack of information and communications. At the same time, poor transport links with Moscow and the other towns of Moscow oblast isolate the scientists from the higher standard of culture in the centre and from a well developed social infrastructure. An original home-work relation can be observed in Dubna: the Muscovites get the second registration of passports and live there in hostel apartments during 4 or 5 working days, during the weekends they go back to Moscow, where their families are living. The change of functions in Moscow oblast towns is still going on. Inside the towns of the first circle adjacent to Moscow, the share of employment in the non-industrial sectors and transport is growing. Inside the towns of the second circle (suburban zone) these changes lead to an increasing potential of non-industrial, industrial and construction functions. Finally, in the outlying parts of the region the further grovth of construction and industrial functions is observed and the organization potential is intensifying in some towns. The mcr towns display a crawling concen-

tration of the regional most important functions and their extension outside the boundaries of Moscow to the towns of the suburban zone. But the déconcentration of functions in the mcr is not only of natural- economic character. It also results from the state urban policy. Déconcentration is not related to the search for more advantageous sites for firms and institutions as regards to economic or social relations (the availability of cheaper labour force or more comfortable living conditions, etc.), nor is it sustained by the expansion of transport and communication facilities. Thus, this déconcentration is independent from curtailment of any function in central Moscow, whose potential is still growing, and it is also completely inadequate regarding the continuing concentration of population (see below). All this, together with the slow economic and territorial mobility of firms, is an obstacle to the economic restructuration of the region, and to the reorientation of Moscow and its suburbs to non-industrial activities and to progressive scientific and informational work. The mass labour-consuming functions still remain in Moscow and its suburbs, but they are inevitably cut off from modern types of activities.

The idea of alleviating Moscow's development appeared from the very beginning of its rapid growth, since the excessive concentration of population and employment led (as in the other major world cities) to environmental discomfort, worsening of transport, strip-holding of land and other congestion signs. In market economies, the firms react to alterations of economic or social conditions by their mobility: some

of them close, other relocate in more convenient places. In the USSR, the problem of firm transfer (unhealthy or unprofitable firms) becomes unsolvable because of the special type of production relations. Economic and territorial passivity of firms is apparent in the difficulties of erecting industrial buildings and dismantling machinery and equipment, in the low turnover of the means of production. The same problem exist regarding the labour force. Firms transferred to the suburban towns of Moscow oblast are encountering great difficulties in recruiting staff in sufficient numbers and of required skill. The local labour force is rather weak, while the Moscow workers wouldn't leave the capital to follow their firm, because they are afraid of being deprived of passport registration in Moscow. From the social point of view, giving up a Moscow registration is more significant to people than losing their job. The processes going on in the mcr are therefore not quite comparable with those in the Western world. The market economy is more «lively» and replacement of functions has the character of territorial waves. Some functions disappear while new ones emerge. In the mcr, the waves are replaced by stratification. New functions do not replace the old ones, but joining them. At the same time, this process of relative déconcentration of functions overpass the process of stable concentration of population. In the mcr, the modern branches are gravitated closely to Moscow, where skilled workers are retained by their registration advantages. Suburban towns have to be satisfied with commuters or specialists from the outlying regions of the USSR.

Suburbanization of population

The urbanization structure of the region is characterized by the predominance of its main centre - Moscow. The share of the capital in the total Moscow oblast population was as follows: in 1929 - 44,3 Vo, in 1939 - 51,6 %, in 1959 - 54,9 %, in 1979 -54,5 Vo, in 1985 - 57,3 % (Moscow Capital Region, p. 137.). Within the agglomeration, the share of Moscow is still higher, in 1959 it was 75,5 % and in 1985

- 67,3 % (ibid., p. 141), whereas in the highly developed capital regions of the world the agglomeration counts one half or less of the total population and of the economic potential, the second half being concentrated in the suburbs (Gritsay, p. 71). Moreover, the growth rate of Moscow population is higher than that of Moscow oblast (tab . 2).

TABLE 2. ANNUAL RATE OF POPULATION INCREASE,

construction engineering management thesis

Migrations are of great importance to the mcr. The internal migration of rural population to the cities is rather substantial, and the immigration flow from the rest of the USSR is not compensated by the decrease of rural population in the mcr. The nearer a town to Moscow, the larger the migration share in its total population increase.

The dynamics of population in the mcr has a specific character. In agglomerations of the developed countries the principle of the «broken glass» summarizes the suburbanization process. When, for some reasons, the centre loses its attractiveness the urban population moves to suburbs in search of higher living standard. In Moscow agglomeration the principle of the «overfilled glass» is operating. People wanting to live in Moscow cannot enter the city and are forced to settle near it. In Moscow immigration undoubtedly prevails over emigration, confirming the extreme territorial differentiation in conditions, level and way of life. As a rule, commuting is oriented from suburbs to Moscow (600 thousand persons come to Moscow and only 200 thousand leave it), but it accounts only for 12-15 % cf the total employment in Moscow's economy. Moreover, these commuters are not Muscovites but potential new inhabitants of the capital (striving for passport registration and domicile in Moscow).

Moscow became the most attractive place for living and an intensive flow of ruined rural residents as well as residents from other regions of the country were rushing -to Moscow. These processes were generated not only by the inception of the country structural economic transformation,

but also by the policy of special privileges for Moscow. These privileges came into being after the establishment of a centralized distribution system. Such a system involves the assignment of a priority level of foodstuffs and manufactured goods to each territory. Moscow was awarded the highest priority level. From the very beginning, better living standards and higher income for certain population categories were established there. In the thirties the artificial differentiation in living standards was confirmed by imposing restrictions to passport registration in the capital, and also by the division of administrative bodies into Moscow and Moscow oblast authorities. In the period 1925-30 dozens of new large firms were located in Moscow, but housing was insufficient at that time. Therefore, a great number of migrants from every corner of the country came to get a job in Moscow and settled in cottages in the nearby countryside. Soon, these settlements in the nearby countryside. Soon, these settlements turned into urban ones. For example, towns like Mytishchi and Luberstsy developed rapidly, and even Muscovites moved there when the railways were electrified. This was clearly the outset of a suburbanization process, but it stopped as soon as the restrictions on passport registration in Moscow were imposed and the social barrier between Moscow and Moscow oblast was established. In the period 1930-40, new industrial developments were banned from Moscow and firms drawn towards the city were located on the outskirts thus causing a rapid growth of the old and new towns. Although the development of cottages as second residence near Moscow started even before the revolution, since the en-

construction engineering management thesis

vironmental degradation of Moscow was practically completed at that time, they became the main resorts of those years. They had flourished in the districts with privileged natural conditions and convenient transport services (not further than 2 km from a railway station). In the period 1930-40, this sprawl of leisure housing carried on - cottage settlements expanded into an entire belt of scattered one- storeyed buildings. But at the same time, urban multi-storeyed housing also increased and after World War II these multi- storeyed buildings were found in the cottage settlements of the leisure zone. In the period 1950-60 a network of gardening associations was established. In those

years the most convenient land near Moscow had already been built on. The gardening plots allotted to the Muscovites were located in the remote parts of the mcr, outside the suburban zone, and very frequently they were on improper territories. Because of their remoteness, the difficulties in cultivation and building, the lack of infrastructure, these plots cannot become effective leisure resorts. More frequently Muscovites use them for fruit and vegetable growing.

The desire of the Muscovites for having a second residence in the suburbs can be interpreted as an unfulfilled suburbanization tendency. This desire has the same, mainly environmental, causes as suburbaniza-

tion in Western countries. The cottages within the reach of Moscow's traffic and having access to appropriate infrastructure and amenities, might become the principal residence of Muscovites if passport registration is abolished. The restrictions of passport registration in Moscow fixed in the thirties were devised as an administrative solution against the effects of Moscow's unique attractiveness and not as a means of eliminating the attractiveness itself. For this reason, Moscow became even more attractive, like a forbidden fruit. The consequences were both the concentration of the upper strata of society in the city and the extensive development of industry, resulting in a growing shortage of unskilled labour.

The shortage of regular workers in Moscow is sometimes explained by the increasing number of working places. An adequate planning of the «limiters» (1) system is then put forward as the solution for controlling the growth of Moscow is found in (Glushkova, 1988, p. 43). To be frank, about twenty industrial units and more than one hundred scientific institutions were already created in the seventies alone, in spite of the industrial building ban in Moscow, only a few firms moved outside the city in return. New industrial units easily find staff, since they offer new machinery, relatively good working conditions and higher wages. New scientific and administrative institutions are in a similar position. But the situation is totally different in the old industrial units, with rundown equipment and a high level of manual tasks. Those units suffer from a staff shortage. Moreover, as in any other city, there is a social mobility in Moscow, in most cases improving - from manual up to mental, from unskilled up to highly skilled work. Furthermore, the prestige of a higher education (university) is overestimated in Moscow, whereas the prestige of the manual professions has declined as a result of the stagnation of reinvestments in industry, the high share of manual labour (40 %), and also favouritism and

crowding in the administrative staffs. The attractiveness of an upper class position is therefore overestimated, and social mobility activated. Since Moscow cannot admit free «immigrants» the lower strata of the social structure are vacant and there appears a shortage of unskilled labour force. The lower strata of the social structure were filled in with « limiters ». Available employment in Moscow was not the cause of an organized immigration flow, but represented the only possible way to register the passport there. Roughly half of these people drawn into Moscow's economy left their jobs. «Limiters» get the right to register their passports in Moscow and take up their residence in new houses when their contract expires. They usually quit their job as soon as possible in search of better working conditions (Glushkova, 1988, p. 42). The nature of unskilled work in Moscow and the associated working conditions are so unattractive that it is nearly impossible to find Muscovites willing to perform them.

The institution of passport registration raised many problems. Thus the « limiters » are recruited in social groups not needing most of the advantages of a large city, their psychology and value system differ sharply from native Muscovites. The direct environment of the hostels where «limiters » live, has a pronounced criminal character. Fictitious marriage in order to register the passport in Moscow has become a widespread practice.

Moscow's environmental problems can hardly be solved as long as passport registration exists. The population is literally locked up within the city boundaries. Notwithstanding the environmental stresses, the Moscow privileges prevent the Muscovites from leaving the city. The urban districts not saturated with harmful industrial units are the most prestigious. The social and economic causes of Moscow's extensive growth reveal that its problems are a reflection of the ones facing the USSR. The concentration of economic, social and management functions in Mos-

cow in Soviet times materializes the strong centralism of the particraty and weighs down on the city's development. Low labour efficiency in agriculture and sheer desolation of villages on the one hand, rapid but extensive industrialisation together with forced increasing social attraction of Moscow, confirmed by the restrictions on passport registration, on the other hand, were the key factors of the mcr's polarization during decades. Together with objective factors found in other large cities of the world, subjective factors related to the Soviet political and economic system influence Moscow's growth.

The objective factors are as follows: the diversity of employment in the capital, the emergence of new types of occupations, the concentration of high-skilled and creative labour, the higher living standards, the large educational and cultural opportunities.

The subjective factors are the higher supply level of foodstuff and manufactured goods different than in other regions (the existence of meat-rationing system in many regions of the country and its absence in Moscow establishes a significant threshold not only in terms of supply but also in the outlook of the population); the lack of communications and individual motorized transport (in the rsfsr one counts 47 cars per 1000 urban inhabitants against 560 in the USA) (Argumenty i facty, 1988, N47, p. 2); the craving for joining the upper social classes and for accessing neighbourhoods with a high quality of life; unjustified promotion of upward social mobility releasing «the ground floors» of Moscow's economy; continued growth of employment due to the extensive economic development and the low economic and territorial mobility of firms. Today, the hierarchy of priorities for selecting a residence within the mcr and the whole country is as follows. Food supply comes first. The supply of manufactured

goods, the opportunities to obtain better and larger living quarters and to accede to a prestigious employment with a wage increase, social promotion, well developed consumer services come next. And only at the end of the scale appears the opportunity to fulfil cultural needs and education. Thus, there is a process of «pseudo- urbanization» characteristic of the Soviet economic and social system, superimposed on the process of «natural» urbanization. By natural urbanization we mean the process related to economic development and to the natural difference between rural and urban ways of life. The specificity, the structural changes and the hierarchy of city functions shape the migration flows conditioned by natural urbanization. «Pseudo-urbanization» points to «the scum» of the process, that may complete the economic and socially conditioned urbanization. The «pseudo-urbanization» is generated by a disproportionate development of the country's economic structure (hypertrophie share of industry; economic and political reforms have triggered off a massive flow of the peasantry towards the cities, related not with the rising but with the lowering of labour efficiency in agriculture, with impoverishment of the countryside and hence with the urge towards the centres of relative well-being), and by the territorial inequalities in standards of living, artificially created and maintained by the institution of passports and registration.

The suburbanization of population cannot be observed in the MCR. The centripetal tendencies mentioned above resulted in rapid growth of Moscow and its suburbs, as well as in some stagnation of its periphery. Thus Moscow agglomeration is now in the first stage of development, the stage of «crawling» concentration where centrifugal forces are very weak. This situation will last as long as the barrier in terms of standards of living exists between Moscow and Moscow oblast.

Conclusions

This study has reaffirmed the general lack of suburbanization in the Soviet cities. Some signs of suburbanization like the

transfer of some activities from Moscow to the suburbs, the concentration of population in towns and villages near the central

city and commuting, differ significantly pie and firms will emancipate, only if the from the Western cities. The process of ur- existing political and economic system in banization will take its normal course, peo- the USSR is dismantled.

Argumenty i facty, 1988, N47, p. 2 Argumenty i facty, 1988, N50, p. 3

GLUSHKOVA V.G. Questions of Interrelated Settlement in Moscow and the Moscow Region, Problems of Geography, vol. 131, Moscow, 1988, pp. 40-56.

GRITSAY O.V. Western Europe : Regional Contrasts at the New Stage of Scientific-Technological Progress, Moscow, 1988, 148 p.

Moscow in Figures. 1980, Moscow, 1981, 220 p. Moscow in Figures. 1985, Moscow, 1986, 240 p.

National Economy of Moscow Oblast. 1981-1985, Moscow, 1986, 271 p.

National Economy of the ussr. 1985, Moscow, 1986, 421 p. Yearbook of Labour Statistics. 1987, Geneva, 1987, 960 p.

Moscow Capital Region: Territorial Structure and Natural Environment, Moscow, 1988, 321 p.

(1) Limiters are unskilled workers, hired in an organised way by Moscow firms; after working there for several years of working they get the right to register

their passports and to take up their residence in Moscow.

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Modern Challenges and the Outline of the Future of Architecture

Wooden architecture of central russia: a new discovery, on the traditional attitude towards architectural innovation, “structural rationalism” as a trend in architecture of the second half of the xix — early xx centuries: in the context of the cities in the south of russia, dacha of the merchant k.p. golovkin — bright sample of samara art nouveaux, the program of urbanization of russia in the activities of s. yu. witte and p. a. stolypin (late 19th – early 20th century), the results of new studies of the rock-hewn churches of the historical regions of endärta and tämben (tigray region, ethiopia), genesis of architecture and synthesis of arts, the role of medieval armenian architecture in the process of the national self-identification, western european prototypes in the cult architecture of the lower volga region (second half of the xviii – early xx centuries), analysis on the modeling characteristics of the masonry in the han dynasty architectural portraits, moisei ginzburg’s studies in milan (1910 – 1914) and italian architecture of the early xx c, the interpretation of the culture and belief of color in tibetan architecture, study on the tone and aesthetics of architecture, sacral topography of the tver kremlin in the period of appanage principalities, the ancestral tomb model in the tomb system of tang dynasty, architectural image and structural system: two churches of ani in the epoch of the bagratids, architectural ensembles of the cities-plants of the orenburg province on the example of the katav plants, historical industrial ensembles in the landscape of saint petersburg: renovationas and losses, the monuments of wooden architecture of shenkurskiy uyezd of the xix century: from the tradition to the architecture style, abdullah akhmedov and the phenomenon of author in soviet modernism, a narrative study of architectural construction from the perspective of ancient geomancy science, architect johann august giesel (1751-1822) and the question of the “english garden” in saxony, the gate belfry of vysokopetrovsky monastery with the church of the intercession: to the question of the genesis of the type, organic architecture of japan, problems of structural understanding of the image of medieval town/city, concerning restoration approaches in italy at the turn of the 20-21 centuries, reconstruction of the wanshougong historical district in nanchang city, jiangxi province, china, architectural heritage in the areas of industrial development of the lower angara region: stages of formation and problems of preservation, revival of light industry enterprises (on the example of silk-weaving factories in shchelkovo), evolutionary attitude towards the preservation of the national architectural heritage: the concept of time cycles, revitalization of the penitentiary complexes in the historic centre of florence, inheritance and protection of the water-faring community (dan jia) boathouse structure in the guangdong-hong kong-macao greater bay area, the impact of virtual reality technology on the protection of traditional ancestral temple architecture in eastern hubei province, protection and recycling of architectural heritage in macau’s urban renewal, research on the relationship between the protection and utilization of modern buildings and the regional economic development in xi’an, protection and development of excellent architectural heritage in modern times, analysis on the development of industrial architectural heritage regenerative design, study on the identification and protection of the historical landscape of traditional settlements of the de’ang nationality based on the theory of rural landscape heritage, research on protection and restoration of heritage buildings based on heritage building information model (hbim) technology and its application, research on the application strategy of virtual reality technology in the historic building protection courses, building arches: typological potential of an architectural form, hybridization in architecture, research on the similarities of morphogenesis in architecture and nature, the master’s creed: richard rogers, concepts of project forecasting in the formation of the architectural space of the future, high-rise dominants in the urban landscape of baghdad: architecture and composition, media facade as a new mean of artistic image in the space of the xxi century city, study on the application of green decoration materials in residential environment, research on implanting the sustainable design in rural revitalization: taking the qianyang village in jin’an district, fuzhou city as an example, study on the update design method of existing residential buildings in northern china: taking ji’nan as an example, analysis of light art application in the gallery exhibition, history, types and regeneration of gasholders, research significance of architectural color in modern chinese universities, research on the application of natural daylighting system in office space, research on the multi-path construction of nostalgia space in the town with beautiful rural characteristics, research on the design of elderly-oriented public activity center in rural planning and construction, the research on the optimum design strategies of the public space against the background of active aging, socio-environmental paradigm of architectural knowledge and russian strategies for urban formation, the city as an art integration space, retrospective of settlement scheme formation in coastal zone of ob-yenisei waterway in 18th and 19th centuries, academy of municipal engineering in the 1930s: the failed scientific center of urban planning, search for the principles of architectural and spatial organization of a residential quarter in the research of soviet architects in the 1930s, the research into morphogenesis patterns of residential planning units in the early 21st century, the architecture of the conflicts, technological paradigm and the social life of the metropolis (on the example of moscow), priorities for the development of large cities of the central black earth region from their foundation to the 20th century, historic “modus operandi” in the revitalization of ancient towns: japanese and polish experience, an analysis on the design of public communication space in college student apartments: taking the student apartments on the nanhu campus of wuhan textile university as an example, the historical and genetic model as a method of structuring and choice of the settlement development strategy, the matrix coupling integrated planning experiment of coastal sponge city under the framework of pressure-state-impact-respond (psir): taking xiamen as an example, the effect of memory construction of cultural landmarks on urban development, research on the inheritance and innovation of regional culture in environmental art design, suture and revival of historical blocks in the context of modernity: comprehensive planning and architectural design of the leqiao-caoqiao section in the ancient district of ganjiang road, suzhou city, a study on the revitalization of community building in taiwan based on qianyang village, research on the reconstruction and reuse of historic blocks from the perspective of urban catalysts: taking a historical district of foshan as an example, visual culture and spatial infiltration: modern traditional architecture of fuzhou from the perspective of creative city, study on the spatial morphological characteristics of traditional village settlements in nanxijiang river basin, comprehensive development and utilization of underground space and underground rail transit, research on the design of rural revitalization in remote areas of yunnan: taking wengding village of cangyuan as an example.

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Out of the Centre

Savvino-storozhevsky monastery and museum.

Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery and Museum

Zvenigorod's most famous sight is the Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery, which was founded in 1398 by the monk Savva from the Troitse-Sergieva Lavra, at the invitation and with the support of Prince Yury Dmitrievich of Zvenigorod. Savva was later canonised as St Sabbas (Savva) of Storozhev. The monastery late flourished under the reign of Tsar Alexis, who chose the monastery as his family church and often went on pilgrimage there and made lots of donations to it. Most of the monastery’s buildings date from this time. The monastery is heavily fortified with thick walls and six towers, the most impressive of which is the Krasny Tower which also serves as the eastern entrance. The monastery was closed in 1918 and only reopened in 1995. In 1998 Patriarch Alexius II took part in a service to return the relics of St Sabbas to the monastery. Today the monastery has the status of a stauropegic monastery, which is second in status to a lavra. In addition to being a working monastery, it also holds the Zvenigorod Historical, Architectural and Art Museum.

Belfry and Neighbouring Churches

construction engineering management thesis

Located near the main entrance is the monastery's belfry which is perhaps the calling card of the monastery due to its uniqueness. It was built in the 1650s and the St Sergius of Radonezh’s Church was opened on the middle tier in the mid-17th century, although it was originally dedicated to the Trinity. The belfry's 35-tonne Great Bladgovestny Bell fell in 1941 and was only restored and returned in 2003. Attached to the belfry is a large refectory and the Transfiguration Church, both of which were built on the orders of Tsar Alexis in the 1650s.  

construction engineering management thesis

To the left of the belfry is another, smaller, refectory which is attached to the Trinity Gate-Church, which was also constructed in the 1650s on the orders of Tsar Alexis who made it his own family church. The church is elaborately decorated with colourful trims and underneath the archway is a beautiful 19th century fresco.

Nativity of Virgin Mary Cathedral

construction engineering management thesis

The Nativity of Virgin Mary Cathedral is the oldest building in the monastery and among the oldest buildings in the Moscow Region. It was built between 1404 and 1405 during the lifetime of St Sabbas and using the funds of Prince Yury of Zvenigorod. The white-stone cathedral is a standard four-pillar design with a single golden dome. After the death of St Sabbas he was interred in the cathedral and a new altar dedicated to him was added.

construction engineering management thesis

Under the reign of Tsar Alexis the cathedral was decorated with frescoes by Stepan Ryazanets, some of which remain today. Tsar Alexis also presented the cathedral with a five-tier iconostasis, the top row of icons have been preserved.

Tsaritsa's Chambers

construction engineering management thesis

The Nativity of Virgin Mary Cathedral is located between the Tsaritsa's Chambers of the left and the Palace of Tsar Alexis on the right. The Tsaritsa's Chambers were built in the mid-17th century for the wife of Tsar Alexey - Tsaritsa Maria Ilinichna Miloskavskaya. The design of the building is influenced by the ancient Russian architectural style. Is prettier than the Tsar's chambers opposite, being red in colour with elaborately decorated window frames and entrance.

construction engineering management thesis

At present the Tsaritsa's Chambers houses the Zvenigorod Historical, Architectural and Art Museum. Among its displays is an accurate recreation of the interior of a noble lady's chambers including furniture, decorations and a decorated tiled oven, and an exhibition on the history of Zvenigorod and the monastery.

Palace of Tsar Alexis

construction engineering management thesis

The Palace of Tsar Alexis was built in the 1650s and is now one of the best surviving examples of non-religious architecture of that era. It was built especially for Tsar Alexis who often visited the monastery on religious pilgrimages. Its most striking feature is its pretty row of nine chimney spouts which resemble towers.

construction engineering management thesis

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IMAGES

  1. (PDF) Safety in construction management thesis

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  2. List of Structural Engineering Dissertation Topics and Ideas

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  3. Construction management

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  4. Thesis Ideas For Construction Management

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  6. Top 50 Master Thesis Matlab Engineering Projects (Guide)

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VIDEO

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  4. Norwich intern part of Jay Peak ski resort construction

  5. Construction Engineering & Management Graduation Project / تعريف مشروع تخرج إدارة المشروعات

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COMMENTS

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    1. Precautionary Construction Management for Sustainability, 2. Applicability of Green Engineering Solution; 3. Green Technology application in construction, 4. Green Tech Knowledge of ...

  2. Civil and Construction Engineering Master's Theses

    Civil and Construction Engineering Master's Theses . All master's theses completed through the Graduate College of Western Michigan University since 2012 have been entered into ScholarWorks. Some may be embargoed or restricted by the authors and may be only available from on-campus computers. ... Management Commitment to Construction Safety ...

  3. Construction Engineering Dissertation Topics

    Construction Engineering Dissertation Topics. Published by Carmen Troy at January 5th, 2023 , Revised On May 20, 2024. The development of construction engineering has significantly influenced the way our society has grown over the last few decades. Recent research in sustainable construction has been much emphasised in the civil engineering ...

  4. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management

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  5. Scheduling Strategies for Construction Project Managers Toward On Time

    Participants agreed that a timeline is important to completing the project on time; however, the issue is budget verses time and quality. Theme 3: Cost. The budget and cost objective theme relates to the central. research question by confirming that the project manager and owner have an objective or.

  6. Department of Construction Engineering and Management: Dissertations

    Durham School of Architectural Engineering and Construction Department of Construction Engineering and Management: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research. PhD candidates: You are welcome and encouraged to deposit your dissertation here, but be aware that 1) it is optional, not required ...

  7. Enhancing facility management for existing facilities with building

    Part of the Civil Engineering Commons, and the Construction Engineering and Management Commons Recommended Citation Loeh, Ryan, "Enhancing facility management for existing facilities with building information modeling" (2020). Theses and Dissertations. 2800. https://rdw.rowan.edu/etd/2800

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    construction management, and diversity in respondents. The construction management industry is a male dominated field which resulted in a majority of respondents being male, women in management in other industries responded differently to surveys than their male counterparts,offering a different perspective (NAWIC 2015). Limitations to

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  11. PDF Risk Management Practices in a Construction Project a case study

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  12. PDF Project Management for Construction Projects

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    This dissertation dissertation is submitted to the Department of Construction Economics and Management in the Engineering and the Built Environment Faculty, University of Cape Town, towards the fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Construction Management. DECLARATION.

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  20. Management of Engineering Potential in The Investment and Construction

    Published in Moscow Economic Journal 21 May 2024. Engineering. The article presents the concept of managing the potential of engineering in the investment and construction complex of the Russian Federation, while its main provisions can be projected onto the domestic economy as a whole. Evidence is provided for the thesis that engineering in ...

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    It includes systems design, engineering management, project management, and financial analysis to make the graduate more effective in technical managerial and leadership roles in a business environment. The program consists of four concentrations: Engineering Management, Management of Technology, Construction, and. Data Science.

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    The social and economic causes of Moscow's extensive growth reveal that its problems are a reflection of the ones facing the USSR. The concentration of economic, social and management functions in Mos-. cow in Soviet times materializes the strong centralism of the particraty and weighs down on the city's development.

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  24. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Architecture

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  25. Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery and Museum

    Zvenigorod's most famous sight is the Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery, which was founded in 1398 by the monk Savva from the Troitse-Sergieva Lavra, at the invitation and with the support of Prince Yury Dmitrievich of Zvenigorod. Savva was later canonised as St Sabbas (Savva) of Storozhev. The monastery late flourished under the reign of Tsar ...