• Writing Task 1
  • Writing Task 2

How to Write a Strong Conclusion for IELTS Essays

July 10, 2024 ielts IELTS

The IELTS essay conclusion is your final chance to impress the examiner and secure a high band score. A well-crafted conclusion can elevate an average essay to a great one. This article will guide you through writing effective conclusions for both IELTS Writing Task 1 and Task 2, providing clear explanations, practical examples, and tips to boost your writing skills.

Understanding the Purpose of an IELTS Essay Conclusion

Your conclusion serves two main functions:

  • Summarizing your main points: Briefly restate the key arguments or findings presented in your essay.
  • Providing a final thought: Offer a concluding statement that leaves a lasting impression on the examiner.

Key Elements of a Successful IELTS Essay Conclusion

1. concision is key:.

Keep your conclusion brief and to the point, aiming for 2-3 sentences. Avoid introducing new ideas or arguments.

2. Summarize, Don’t Repeat:

Paraphrase your main ideas from the body paragraphs, demonstrating your vocabulary range. Don’t simply copy and paste sentences from earlier in your essay.

3. Offer a Final Insight:

End with a concluding statement that provides a sense of closure. This could be:

  • A balanced consideration of both sides in a discussion essay: “While technology offers undeniable benefits, its impact on human connection requires careful consideration.”
  • A prediction or recommendation: “If governments invest in renewable energy sources, the future of our planet will be brighter.”
  • A call to action: “It is our collective responsibility to address the issue of climate change before it’s too late.”

IELTS Essay Conclusion Examples

Ielts writing task 1: graph on global smartphone sales.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the graph clearly illustrates the dramatic rise of smartphone sales worldwide, with a particularly sharp increase observed between 2010 and 2015. This trend is projected to continue, indicating the growing significance of smartphones in the global market.

IELTS Writing Task 2: Essay on the Benefits of Exercise

To summarize, regular physical activity offers a wealth of benefits, enhancing both physical well-being and mental acuity. By incorporating exercise into our daily routines, we can lead healthier, happier, and more fulfilling lives.

Common Errors to Avoid in Your Conclusion:

  • Introducing new arguments or evidence: Stick to summarizing points already discussed.
  • Being too repetitive: Use synonyms and different sentence structures to rephrase your ideas.
  • Making sweeping generalizations: Avoid absolute statements that cannot be fully supported.
  • Ending abruptly: Ensure a smooth transition from the body paragraphs to the conclusion.

Tips for Practicing IELTS Essay Conclusions:

  • Analyze model essays: Pay close attention to how experienced writers craft their conclusions.
  • Practice writing conclusions separately: Focus on summarizing main points effectively and providing a strong final statement.
  • Get feedback from teachers or peers: Seek constructive criticism on your conclusion writing skills.

Mastering the art of writing a compelling conclusion is essential for achieving a high band score in the IELTS writing exam. By following the strategies outlined in this article and practicing regularly, you can learn to craft conclusions that leave a lasting impression on the examiner and enhance the overall quality of your essays. Remember, a strong conclusion is the perfect finishing touch to showcase your writing prowess.

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IELTS Charlie

Your Guide to IELTS Band 7

Writing The Conclusion To Your Essay: Tips, Examples and Problems

In this lesson, you’re going to learn how to write the kind of conclusion you see in essays that get a high band score . You will also get some tips for writing conclusions, some examples , and the common problems with conclusions that you need to avoid.

What is the Conclusion?

The conclusion, or concluding paragraph, is not simply the last paragraph of your essay.

A good conclusion should do 2 things:

  • remind your reader of your answer(s) to the essay question(s)
  • refer to the main reasons for your answer(s)

For most IELTS essay questions, you can do this in just one or two sentences.

Having a conclusion is really important! If you don’t have a conclusion , then your band score for Task Response will be limited to Band 5 at best.

Look at this task:

In the future, nobody will buy printed newspapers or books because they will be able to read everything they want online without paying. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

(Cambridge IELTS 15 Academic Test 2)

Let’s say I strongly agree with this statement. That’s my answer to the essay question. That needs to go into the conclusion.

And I must also remind my reader (the IELTS Examiner!) of the reasons for my view. Let’s say I agree with the statement because: (1) it’s more convenient to get information online when compared to printed materials, and (2) books and newspapers are quite expensive.

So here is one possible conclusion to my essay:

“In conclusion, I strongly believe that everyone in the future will get all their information online for free because reading information online via phones and tablets is so much easier than through bulky books and newspapers, and also because books and newspapers are quite expensive.”

In the above conclusion, I presented my answer to the essay question, and I reminded my reader of the reasons for my view.

Tips for Writing the Conclusion

  • restate your answer to the essay question
  • summarise your main ideas from the body paragraphs
  • 1-2 sentences is usually sufficient, but will probably be longer in a ‘Discuss Both Views’ essay.

Here are 2 more examples of good conclusions.

“In the future, more people will choose to go on holiday in their own country and not travel abroad on holiday. Do you agree or disagree?”

(Cambridge IELTS 15 General Training Test 3)

My answer. Let’s say I broadly agree with the statement, but that I think it depends on where holidaymakers live. (That is my answer to the essay question.)

My reasons. Why do I think this? Here are my main reasons:

  • domestic holidays can be cheaper
  • overseas travel can be inconvenient
  • it depends where people live because people in cold countries want to go to warm ones.

So my conclusion can go like this:

“In conclusion, I feel that people will be more likely to take holidays in their own country because they are generally cheaper and more convenient than foreign holidays. However, it does depend, to an extent, on where people live, as people living in countries with cold climates will continue to want to take holidays somewhere warm.”

I’ve restated my opinion (my answer to the question), and I’ve also referred to my main ideas from the body paragraphs. You will also see that my conclusion is only 2 sentences long.

The concluding paragraph of Discuss Both Views question needs to be a little different.

“Some people say History is one of the most important school subjects. Other people think that, in today’s world, subjects like Science and Technology are more important than History. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.”

(Cambridge IELTS 13 Test 3 – Academic)

For most IELTS questions, you just need to restate your answer along with your main reasons / main ideas. But with Discuss Both Views essays you also need to present your own opinion . You can present your own opinion in a separate paragraph, but you can also include your opinion in the concluding paragraph .

In a Discuss Both Views essay, you would normally discuss the first view in Body Paragraph 1, and the second view in Body Paragraph 2.

In the conclusion, I’m going to say what I think: I think that history is an important subject, but because teaching time is limited, science and technology should be prioritised because of the need to teach job skills.

“In conclusion, there are clearly convincing arguments for both views. However, personally, I believe that while history is very important and should never be omitted entirely from the curriculum, there are only a limited number of teaching hours available, and for this reason, science and technology should be prioritised. After all, it is essential to provide young people with the technological and scientific skills and knowledge needed for life and work in the modern world.”

This paragraph refers very briefly to the 2 different views in the body paragraphs:

“There are clearly convincing arguments for both views…”

Before going on to present my own opinion.

Many people find it difficult to give their own opinion in a Discuss Both Views essay. They often agree strongly with one side, but that’s not always the best option, especially if you are aiming for a high band score. So here a couple of tips for Discuss Both Views essays.

Tip #1: Point out the weaknesses of the view you disagree with

I think one good way of presenting your opinion in a concluding paragraph is to point out the weaknesses in the view that you disagree with.

In the conclusion above, I’ve pointed out that I think history is important, but you have to prioritise science and technology because teaching time is limited.

Tip #2: Say what you REALLY think

My opinion for this essay is what I REALLY think. I’ve not made up my opinion! And because it’s actually my opinion, it’s much easier to explain.

Conclusions: Common Problems

If you are aiming for a high band score, you need to avoid the following common problems

Problem #1: Inconsistent Position

An inconsistent position is when your position seems to change during your essay . This is sometimes because your view in the conclusion seems to be different from your view in the introduction. For example, in your introduction you might write: “ I strongly agree ,” but in the conclusion, you write things that suggest you only “ partly agree ” or even “ disagree .”

An inconsistent position will probably limit your band score for both Task Response and Coherence and Cohesion to Band 5 or Band 6.

Solution : an inconsistent position is usually the result of bad planning , so make sure you plan your essay before you start writing.

Problem #2: Presenting New Ideas in the Conclusion

A second common problem is presenting new ideas in the conclusion , such as new reasons for your view.

You should present the reasons / main ideas (eg advantages or reasons for a view) in the body paragraphs.  The conclusion is not the place for new ideas.

I think this problem happens because test takers suddenly think of great new ideas while writing the conclusion.

Solution: Again, this problem can usually be avoided with good planning before you start writing.

Problem #3: Long Conclusion

I often see conclusions that are simply too long. Remember, you only need to present your answer(s) and reasons again, briefly. You can do this in 1-2 sentences. The only reason for writing more than 2 sentences is if you are presenting your own opinion in a Discuss Both Views essay.

Solution: keep the conclusion short and concise.

Problem #4: Unclear Conclusion

If your conclusions are unclear, then Task Response is going to be limited to Band 6. Make sure you write a clear conclusion, clearly present your explicit answer along with your main reasons.

Problem #5: No Conclusion

If there’s no conclusion – in other words, if you do not present your explicit answer to the essay question – then Task Response will be limited to Band 5 at best.

A conclusion in Task 2 is a little bit like the overview paragraph in Task 1. So, if you don’t have a conclusion (or an overview in Task 1), it’s going to keep your band score down.

Problem #6: Unnatural / Informal Transition Signals

I often see unnatural / informal transition signals at the start of conclusions, for example:

  • “to recapitulate”
  • “in conclusion, in my opinion.” (either write “in conclusion” OR “in my opinion”, but NOT both!)
  • “to bring it all together”

A simple “in conclusion” is all you need at the start of your conclusion.

Key Points To Remember

  • present your answer to the essay question(s) in the conclusion, along with brief reference to the reasons for your answer
  • keep it short: 1-2 sentences is usually enough
  • in a Discuss Both Views essay, you can present your own view in the conclusion
  • in a Discuss Both Views essay, point out the weaknesses in the view you disagree with in the conclusion
  • do not present new ideas in the conclusion
  • use “in conclusion” at the start of your conclusion

I hope that helps! Good luck with your IELTS preparation.

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Discover the 7 STEPS to BAND 7 in IELTS Writing Task 2

Preparation for the IELTS Exam

How to write an effective IELTS conclusion

A guide to writing a good conclusion for an ielts essay..

Updated:  April 2024

The conclusion is very important in an IELTS essay because if you do not write one you could lose a whole band score in task response.

Conclusions are pretty easy to write. You just need to rephrase your main points and restate your opinion. One way to do this is to paraphrase the thesis statement again. No new information should be added to the conclusion and it must be concise and to the point. Do not copy your thesis statement word for word either, do not repeat whole sentences or it will lower your score. Work on paraphrasing your thesis statement from the introduction.

If you prefer, you can watch the video below.

5 key points when writing a conclusion.

1. Do not add new information to the conclusion . Any new ideas or main points should be covered in the main body paragraphs.

2. You can re-paraphrase the thesis statement from the introduction. This will show that you have a good understanding of vocabulary and it will leave a good impression on the examiner. Just remember that it is not necessary to paraphrase everything.

3. Do not go into too much detail, conclusions should only be about 2 or 3 sentences long. Keep it short and concise.

4. You need to use a cohesive device when starting the conclusion. There are 3 choices below.

To sum up To conclude In conclusion

Do not to use informal cohesive devices to start the conclusion such as these listed below. They are just too informal or inappropriate in the conclusion.

I reckon  (informal)

In the end  (informal), all in all     (informal), generally speaking    (too vague for a conclusion), finally    (this means you are making another final point), lastly   (this means you have a last point to make), all things considered   (informal).

5. Do not use memorised ‘stock sentences’ in an IELTS essay. I sometimes see these in my students essays. This is because of bad advice being given on the internet. These kinds of memorised sentences are not necessary and may affect your score. See below:

In conclusion, I firmly agree with the aforementioned statement….

To conclude, as stated above, i think…., to sum up, i wholeheartedly agree with the above mentioned points in this essay…, to reiterate, according to the aforementioned points…., taking my above views into consideration…., in a nutshell…, the crux of the matter is…, as outlined above…..

Click here to see a lesson on memorised or cliched phrases I often see in IELTS essays

How can you tell if it’s a good conclusion?

If you were to just read the conclusion only and not the essay, then you should be able to get a very good idea of what the essay was about without even reading the main body paragraphs. It should re-paraphrase your thesis statement and briefly summarise your main points. Let’s see some examples.

Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change, whereas others think that change is always a good thing. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Introduction:

Many individuals would rather go through life staying the same, while other people like the idea of facing new challenges. This essay agrees that change is beneficial to our lives because we can expand our worldview and gain new experiences.

Red = Paraphrased task question     Blue = thesis statement

Conclusion:

To conclude, although some prefer to shy away from new ideas because they feel comfortable with routines, I believe that change is advantageous for developing an open mind and experiencing new things.

Green = cohesive device   Red = re-paraphrased background statement from the introduction
   Blue = thesis statement paraphrased again.

A more concise conclusion:

In a discussion essay, you can use a much more concise and direct conclusion that briefly refers to the differing views and a restated opinion.

To sum up, despite differing views on whether change is beneficial, I think that change is important for developing an open mind and experiencing new things.

Green = cohesive device   Red = referring to the different views    Blue = opinion restated

As you can see there is a lot of paraphrasing going on here. This is the key to getting a good band score in vocabulary and task response. Paraphrasing needs a lot of practice and it must be done right.

One of the major problems facing the world today is the growing number of refugees. Some say developed nations of the world should tackle this problem by taking in more refugees. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
A major global issue recently is the increasing amount of refugees. Some believe that developed countries ought to deal with this by accepting more refugees. I hold the view that developed nations should not take in more refugees as it puts a burden on the welfare state and causes unease among local communities.

Red = Paraphrased task question    Blue = thesis statement

In conclusion, although there are people who feel that developed nations must allow additional refugees to enter their countries, I do not agree, as this would put extra pressure on social systems and could create resentments in local neighbourhoods.

Green = cohesive device    Red = re-paraphrased the background statement from the introduction     Blue = thesis statement paraphrased again.

I kept the keyword ‘refugees’ I could use ‘asylum seekers’ but there is a slight difference in meaning so I didn’t change it. Remember: you don’t have to paraphrase everything. Be careful of synonyms as sometimes they carry a different meaning.

Key points:

If your conclusion is too long it could become irrelevant and lose marks. I advise a word count of under 45 words or 3 sentences in a conclusion. (this is just my rule to keep you on track)

You do not have to be an expert on the topic to write about it, the IELTS exam is not a general knowledge test. You do not have to personally agree or disagree, just give an opinion.

The whole point of giving your opinion and giving specific examples is to show the examiner how well you have understood the question, that you can paraphrase, explain and support your ideas. Use grammar and vocabulary accurately. In the conclusion you need to summarise and be concise.

I advise practicing as much as possible with paraphrasing introductions, thesis statements and conclusions. On this blog there are more articles on thesis statements and practice for paraphrasing.

Any questions?  leave a comment below.

Leave a comment cancel reply.

IELTS Luminary - Free Tips, Strategies, eBooks and Detailed Essay Feedback . Overall, this is the best free IELTS and other test prep website.

How to Write a Perfect Conclusion in IELTS Essay

How to Write a Perfect Conclusion in IELTS Essay

Hey there, aspiring IELTS candidates! One of the most critical parts of your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay is the conclusion paragraph. Yes, you heard that right—the final impression you leave can make or break your score. So, how do you craft an IELTS essay conclusion that not only summarizes your points but also leaves the examiner impressed? That’s exactly what we’ll dive into today. And if you're looking for more comprehensive guidance, don't forget to check out our eBooks covering all IELTS modules, including the nitty-gritty of essay writing.

Importance of a Great Conclusion in IELTS Task 2 Essay

If you're thinking that writing a conclusion paragraph in an IELTS essay is all about just a wrap-up and not much else, think again! Here’s why you should pour an equal amount of attention into your conclusion as you do into your introduction and body paragraphs:

How to Achieve a High Band Score in IELTS Academic Task 1 Report - eBook by IELTS Luminary

The Ultimate Lasting Impression

When you’re striving for that elusive band 9 score, the way you conclude your essay is your final pitch, your last opportunity to persuade the examiner of your argument's validity. While you've had the entirety of the essay to showcase your analytical prowess and command of the English language, this is where you seal the deal. Crafting a well-thought-out conclusion not only ties up all your points in a neat bow but also shows that you're adept at summarizing complex ideas concisely—a skill that IELTS examiners highly value.

The Key to Coherence and Cohesion

A well-crafted conclusion serves as the anchor that ties together the entire landscape of your argument. It ensures that your essay doesn’t just ramble on, but builds up to a convincing, logical finale. By summarizing your main points and restating your thesis in a fresh way, you’re demonstrating excellent cohesion—a vital aspect that can substantially improve your IELTS writing band score. And trust us, you don't want to lose precious points for lacking coherence; it's like building a complex puzzle and then failing to put in the final piece.

How to Write a High Band Scoring Task 2 Essay - eBook by IELTS Luminary (IELTS Essay eBook)

Your Secret Weapon for a High Band Score

You might be surprised how many people underestimate the conclusion and miss out on its band score-boosting potential. Think of it as the cherry on top of your IELTS essay sundae. It might be a small part, but it can massively affect the overall taste—err, we mean, score! By restating your thesis, summarizing your arguments, and providing a thoughtful final insight, you're showcasing the kind of task response and analytical depth that examiners are looking for.

By the way, if all this talk of thesis statements, coherence, and cohesion feels overwhelming, you're not alone. We offer a tailored IELTS Essay Correction Service , complete with detailed insights and a band 9 sample response. It's almost like having an IELTS examiner walk you through your mistakes and guide you towards perfection. If you're committed to nailing every aspect of the IELTS essay, including the all-important conclusion, then our in-depth eBooks and essay correction services can be your go-to resources.

The Sample Question

Let’s take a real-life sample question from a past IELTS exam to demonstrate:

Question: “In some countries, the number of people choosing to live by themselves is increasing rapidly. What are the causes of this trend, and what are its potential effects?”

The Elements of a High Band IELTS Essay Conclusion

1. restate the thesis.

Your thesis statement isn't just the opening act; it's the foundational element that orchestrates your entire essay. This concise but impactful sentence sets the tone, lays out your central argument, and guides the reader through the labyrinth of your ideas. Therefore, when crafting the conclusion for your IELTS Task 2 essay, it's crucial to circle back and rephrase this pivotal statement in a fresh and engaging manner.

For instance:

Original Thesis Statement: " The escalating trend towards living alone is predominantly fueled by a thirst for independence and evolving societal landscapes."

Restated Thesis: " The growing trend of solo living stems from deeper societal shifts like the desire for personal freedom and evolving norms."

Notice the word choice and phrasing here? It's not a mere repetition but a thoughtful reiteration that casts your original thesis in a new light. This strategy not only rejuvenates your conclusion but also shows the examiner your lexical resourcefulness—a significant criteria in boosting your band score.

Now, if you're scratching your head wondering how to ingeniously rephrase your thesis or if you're stuck navigating the maze of essay writing, our IELTS Essay Correction Service could be your guiding star. With detailed feedback from seasoned examiners, you'll understand precisely what aspects need refining.

The nuances involved in rephrasing a thesis are often underestimated. Our comprehensive eBooks delve deeper into this topic, offering step-by-step guidance and examples that help you grasp the subtleties of constructing and rephrasing thesis statements for a higher IELTS band score. All of these invaluable insights are smoothly integrated within the content, enabling you to optimize your preparation for the IELTS Writing Task 2.

IELTS Vocabulary List with Meanings and Examples

2. Summarize the Main Points

As you navigate the final stage of your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay, summarizing your main points becomes a critical exercise in clarity and concision. This is not the section for elaborate explanations; rather, it's where you distill your arguments into their purest form, creating a cohesive snapshot that reinforces your thesis.

Summary: "While this brings emotional liberation, it also poses challenges such as social isolation and financial strain.”

Notice how this summary not only encapsulates your points but also ties them back to your restated thesis? It's an essential IELTS strategy for amplifying your band score in both Task Response and Coherence/Cohesion.

If summarizing your arguments effectively feels like trying to capture smoke, our Essay Correction Service is here to guide you. Our examiners will pinpoint areas for improvement, helping you refine your summarization skills—and they'll do so with the level of detail that can illuminate the path to a higher band score.

Furthermore, for those of you yearning for a comprehensive breakdown on how to concisely yet powerfully summarize your arguments, our well-curated eBooks are packed with actionable advice and real-world examples. These invaluable resources seamlessly weave into your IELTS preparation journey, enriching your essay-writing skills from the ground up.

3. Provide Implications or Recommendations

To finish your IELTS essay with finesse, you'll want to discuss the broader implications or possible recommendations stemming from your arguments. This shows the examiner that you're not only aware of your topic's importance but also engaged in pondering its future ramifications—a crucial aspect that examiners value.

Implications: “Swift societal changes, like improved mental health support and economic adjustments, are vital.”

These implications not only wrap up your essay but also resonate with broader societal issues, showcasing your understanding of the topic's complexity. Discussing them adds a layer of sophistication to your essay that could be the ticket to achieving a higher IELTS band score.

Should you feel uncertain about weaving implications or recommendations effectively into your conclusion, remember our Essay Correction Service is always available to offer deep insights and actionable feedback, helping you craft essays that meet or even exceed IELTS standards.

For those looking to take a deep dive into the art of impactful essay conclusions, our enriching eBooks offer step-by-step strategies and examples, making it easier for you to articulate your thoughts in the most compelling way possible. These resources naturally complement your IELTS preparation, filling in the gaps that general study might miss.

Remember, addressing the implications or recommendations doesn't just offer closure; it opens a door to a deeper level of understanding and discussion, amplifying your essay's impact and your potential band score.

4. Write the Final Sentence

As the curtain draws on your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay, the final sentence serves as the encore—a chance to leave a lasting impression on your audience, in this case, the IELTS examiner. This concluding line should encapsulate your thesis, summarize your main points, and resonate with the reader, all while exuding a sense of completeness.

Final Sentence: "As society evolves, proactively addressing these issues becomes crucial for collective well-being."

See how this sentence harmonizes your restated thesis and summary, creating a powerful coda that reverberates long after the examiner has finished reading? Crafting such a compelling final statement is a nuanced skill, one that can accentuate your band score by encapsulating Task Response, Coherence, and Cohesion in a single sentence.

If you find yourself grappling with the intricacies of forming such an impactful final sentence, our Essay Correction Service can offer nuanced feedback that will pinpoint exactly what you need to refine. The depth of our analysis could be the catalyst you need to ascend to higher band scores.

Moreover, for those who seek an in-depth understanding of how to tie up all the loose ends and craft a captivating conclusion, our comprehensive eBooks delve into this subject with actionable insights, offering you the keys to master this essential component of IELTS essay writing.

In sum, a well-crafted final sentence isn't just an end; it's the echo that resounds in the examiner's mind, reinforcing the strength and depth of your arguments. By mastering this crucial aspect, you don't just complete your essay—you elevate it.

IELTS Essay Conclusion: Detailed Breakdown

Combining all the elements, your conclusion for the sample question might look like this:

"In summary, the growing trend of solo living stems from deeper societal shifts like the desire for personal freedom and evolving norms. While this brings emotional liberation, it also poses challenges such as social isolation and financial strain. Swift societal changes, like improved mental health support and economic adjustments, are vital. As society evolves, proactively addressing these issues becomes crucial for collective well-being."

Let's break down how the revised, concise conclusion fulfills the essential elements for crafting a stellar IELTS conclusion as discussed earlier.

Skillfully Restated the Thesis:

"In summary, the growing trend of solo living stems from deeper societal shifts like the desire for personal freedom and evolving norms."

This sentence restates the thesis that the increase in solo living is driven by a quest for personal freedom and social changes, effectively recapping the essay's main argument.

Concisely Summarized the Main Points:

"While this brings emotional liberation, it also poses challenges such as social isolation and financial strain."

This sentence serves as a brief recap of the main points (let’s say we’ve discussed throughout the essay) highlighting both the positive and negative aspects of the trend toward solo living.

Provided Implications or Recommendations:

"Swift societal changes, like improved mental health support and economic adjustments, are vital."

Here, we outline the implications of the growing trend and recommend actionable steps, focusing on the need for societal adaptations such as better mental health services and financial policy adjustments.

Crafted a Memorable Final Sentence:

"As society evolves, proactively addressing these issues becomes crucial for collective well-being."

This sentence serves as a compelling closer, emphasizing the ongoing relevance and urgency of the subject matter.

Incorporated within this concise paragraph are all the key elements that contribute to a high-scoring IELTS essay conclusion. Mastering the art of concluding your IELTS essay can elevate your writing from good to exceptional. And remember, practice makes perfect. You can find extensively detailed guidance in our eBooks, and examiner’s reviews in our Essay Correction Service where we provide in-depth feedback along with a band 9 sample response to set you on the path to success. Happy writing!

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How to Write an Effective IELTS Conclusion

When you are writing the essay for Task 2 of the IELTS Writing section, the last thing that you will include will be your conclusion. An essay’s conclusion has one job: To summarize the rest of the essay in a way that makes it sound even more persuasive. However, many IELTS test-takers forget this, and either write too much in their conclusion, or forget to write one, at all.

Here is what to include, in your IELTS essay conclusion.

A Concluding Phrase

The first thing to put in your conclusion is a signal to the reader that you are finishing your essay, and that they have come to the end. This is called the concluding phrase, and does not have to be longer than a couple of words . It tells the reader that you are done making your argument, and that you are now going to summarize your essay. Examples of good concluding phrases are:

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  • In conclusion,
  • To summarize, or

On the other hand, there are some words that should not be used as a concluding phrase, like:

  • Finally, or

These terms make it sound like you are going to make another point in your argument, which is not what the conclusion is for.

A Reminder of Your Thesis Statement

The second thing that you should do in your conclusion is tell your reader what you have just proven or shown. A good way to do this is to remind the reader what you thesis statement was, in your introduction . Your thesis statement, after all, is what your essay is all about.

Optional: Summarize Your Argument

If you have time, you can include a quick overview of your essay in your conclusion. This helps remind the reader why your thesis statement is correct. If you choose to summarize your argument in your essay’s conclusion, though, make sure not to go too much in depth: You should not write more than a sentence or two.

Say Why Your Essay is Important

Finally, you should include a sentence or two about why your essay is important. This makes the reader understand why they should take your essay to heart, and think about it. Mentioning why your essay is important also makes your argument sound much stronger, which is the point behind an argumentative essay .

The IELTS Conclusion

To summarize, your essay’s conclusion should recap the rest of your essay. It should include a concluding phrase, a reminder of your thesis statement, a few words on why your essay is important, and can also include a summary of your argument. By writing a good conclusion on Task 2 of the Writing section, you can earn a higher IELTS score.

Sean

Sean is a former IELTS administrator and an IELTS blogger for Magoosh. He has a degree in English literature from the University of New Hampshire, and a law degree from the University of Cincinnati. He has also studied abroad in Cambridge, England and in Botswana. In his spare time, he plays ultimate Frisbee, reads, plays guitar, and writes novels, though not all at the same time.

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How to Write a Great IELTS Conclusion

Posted by David S. Wills | Aug 31, 2019 | IELTS Tips , Writing | 1

How to Write a Great IELTS Conclusion

When writing your IELTS task 2 essay, it is vital to have a good conclusion. However, many candidates don’t know how to do this. They wonder what a conclusion should include and what it shouldn’t include. The process of writing a good conclusion is, to many, a complete mystery.

In fact, the conclusion is usually the easiest part of your essay to write. There is no mystery to it, and in this article I am going to explain clearly how to do it. I will show you, step-by-step, the best way to write an effective conclusion for your IELTS task 2 essay.

What sort of essay requires a conclusion?

First of all, before we get into how to write an IELTS conclusion, I will tell you that you do not need to write a conclusion for task 1 . You only need to write a conclusion for task 2. This is because, for task 1, the information that would go in a conclusion could easily be stated within the introduction. You have to identify general trends and overall ideas about the data, and this really doesn’t need to be done in a conclusion. (Learn about task 1 structures here .)

As for task 2, it is very important. For both Task Response and Coherence and Cohesion , you would need at least some sort of conclusion in order to score highly. A conclusion functions as a way of reviewing and summarising the data included in your essay and adds to the value of the essay by formalising and improving its structure.

So, to review:

Task 1 No conclusion
Task 2 Must have a conclusion

Writing a conclusion for IELTS

Every IELTS task 2 essay needs a conclusion. This should simply sum up the main idea of the essay and very briefly restate the main arguments. It can be as short as one sentence, although it may be better to write two or three .

Writing a good conclusion can seem a little difficult, and it is hard to teach because it depends on the type of question and also the content of your essay. However, some important points to consider are that it should be brief , contain no new information , and avoid repeating anything from the rest of the essay . It is also very important to make sure that your position in the conclusion is the same as in the rest of your essay.

rules for writing IELTS essay conclusions

Let’s examine an example answer to see how the conclusion matches the rest of the essay.

The prevention of health problems and illness is more important than treatment and medicine. Government funding should reflect this.

To what extent do you agree?

I am going to give you my sample answer here, and below I will format it into a table so that you are able to see an explanation for each sentence:

In many countries, government spending on healthcare is a major economic burden.  Problems like obesity and heart disease are crippling healthcare systems, and some people suggest that rather than raise taxes to pay for treatments, more money should be invested in preventing these illnesses in the first place.  This essay will argue that prevention is better than treatment.  The most obvious benefit of putting prevention before treatment is the reduction in human suffering that would inevitably result.  Some of the biggest health problems in modern societies are utterly preventable, and therefore it is reasonable to suggest that money spent this way would cause less anguish.  Government campaigns to reduce smoking would reduce cancer rates and this would increase people’s quality of life, and of course end the suffering of people who lose loved ones.  From a purely financial standpoint, it is beneficial to focus on preventing sickness rather than curing it.  The cost of treating sick people with expensive medical procedures, equipment, and medicines is vastly higher than the cost of educating people not to smoke, eat unhealthily, or otherwise lead unhealthy lifestyles.  Government campaigns have led to huge decreases in smoking in many Western countries, and it is likely that similar campaigns would yield similar results elsewhere. It would be wise for other countries around the world to implement this sort of system. In conclusion, preventing a disease makes more sense than waiting to treat it.  The benefits to average people and also to governments are significantly higher than simply investing in treatments.

annotated example of ielts essay conclusion

Here, I will put the same answer into a table. In the right-hand column, you will see an explanation of the sentence in the middle.

Introduction In many countries, government spending on healthcare is a major economic burden. State the overall issue.  
  Problems like obesity and heart disease are crippling healthcare systems, and some people suggest that rather than raise taxes to pay for treatments, more money should be invested in preventing these illnesses in the first place. Explain the specific details.  
  This essay will argue that prevention is better than treatment. Thesis statement.  
Paragraph two The most obvious benefit of putting prevention before treatment is the reduction in human suffering that would inevitably result. First argument.  
  Some of the biggest health problems in modern societies are utterly preventable, and therefore it is reasonable to suggest that money spent this way would cause less anguish. Explain.  
  Government campaigns to reduce smoking would reduce cancer rates and this would increase people’s quality of life, and of course end the suffering of people who lose loved ones. Example (hypothetical situation).
Paragraph three From a purely financial standpoint, it is beneficial to focus on preventing sickness rather than curing it. Second argument.  
  The cost of treating sick people with expensive medical procedures, equipment, and medicines is vastly higher than the cost of educating people not to smoke, eat unhealthily, or otherwise lead unhealthy lifestyles. Explain.
  Government campaigns have led to huge decreases in smoking in many Western countries, and it is likely that similar campaigns would yield similar results elsewhere. Example.  
  It would be wise for other countries around the world to implement this sort of system. Explain the importance of the example.  
Conclusion In conclusion, preventing a disease makes more sense than waiting to treat it. Restating the main idea of the essay.  
  The benefits to average people and also to governments are significantly higher than simply investing in treatments. Restating the main arguments of the body paragraphs.  

Further Notes on the Conclusion

Looking at this conclusion, we can see that it is short and simple, yet very effective. In just 30 words, it reflects the whole of the essay. Although it presents no specific details, it alludes to everything that can before it in quite general terms. It also presents us with a simple structure for making a good conclusion:

Sentence one Restate the ideas in the introduction
Sentence two Restate the ideas/arguments in the body paragraphs

essay conclusion ielts

Just remember that you don’t have to say everything again! Notice that in my second sentence, I don’t completely rewrite the ideas from my body paragraphs, but instead allude to them by saying “the benefits to people and governments…” The word “people” refers to paragraph two and “government” refers to paragraph three. Without repeating myself or writing too much, I have concisely summarized my essay.

Finally, you may have noticed that in my example essays, I use “In conclusion” to start almost every conclusion. You may wonder if this is too basic or too boring. Of course, it may seem repetitive in a book with many essays, but for IELTS you are only writing one conclusion, so it doesn’t matter. Some students think that they need “more exciting” language for their essay, so they try to think of a new phrase to begin their conclusion. However, “In conclusion” is perfectly fine. It is simple yet effective. You could also use:

  • To conclude

I have seen some people write “All in all” and “In a nutshell”. These are not acceptable, as they are too informal. My advice is to use “In conclusion” because it is easy and always appropriate.

Here is my conclusion to this article on conclusions 😄:

5 Things to Remember about Conclusions

  • You should always write a conclusion at the end of an IELTS writing task 2 essay.
  • Summarize your essay without repeating.
  • Refer to your main ideas.
  • Try to write 1-3 sentences.
  • Never try to include some new ideas in your conclusion.

About The Author

David S. Wills

David S. Wills

David S. Wills is the author of Scientologist! William S. Burroughs and the 'Weird Cult' and the founder/editor of Beatdom literary journal. He lives and works in rural Cambodia and loves to travel. He has worked as an IELTS tutor since 2010, has completed both TEFL and CELTA courses, and has a certificate from Cambridge for Teaching Writing. David has worked in many different countries, and for several years designed a writing course for the University of Worcester. In 2018, he wrote the popular IELTS handbook, Grammar for IELTS Writing and he has since written two other books about IELTS. His other IELTS website is called IELTS Teaching.

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Here you will find IELTS Sample Essays for a variety of common topics that appear in the writing exam.

The model answers all have tips and strategies for how you may approach the question and comments on the sample answer.

You can also view sample essays with band scores on this page. 

Looking at IELTS essay topics with answers is a great way to help you to prepare for the test. 

These IELTS sample essays have been categorised in a way that makes it easy for you to see how certain essay question types require you to provide certain responses to ensure the question is fully answered. 

Specifically these are:

  • Agree / Disagree
  • Discuss Two Opinions
  • Problems and Solutions
  • Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Other Types

Agree / Disagree Type Questions

In these types of question you are given one opinion and you then have to state the extent to which you agree or disagree with that opinion:

  • Advertising
  • Alternative Medicine
  • Spending on the Arts
  • Human Cloning
  • Social Interaction & the Internet
  • Airline Tax
  • Free University Education
  • Scientific Research
  • Banning Smoking
  • Employing Older People
  • Vegetarianism
  • Paying Taxes  
  • Examinations or Formal Assessment 
  • Multinational Organisations and Culture
  • Internet vs Newspapers
  • Technology Development  
  • Dying of Languages
  • Animal Extinction
  • Truth in Relationships
  • Role of Schools
  • Return of Historical Artefacts

Discuss Two Opinions Type Questions

In this essay question type you are given two opinions, and you have to discuss both of these and then give your own view:

  • University Education
  • Reducing Crime
  • Animal Rights
  • Child Development
  • Diet & Health
  • Donating Money to Charity
  • Closing Zoos   
  • Becoming Independent  
  • Formal and Informal Education  
  • Influence of Scientists and Politicians
  • Sources for Stories
  • Searching for Extraterrestrial Life

Cause Type Questions

There are a variety of 'cause type' essay questions. In these you first have to give the reasons why something has happened, in other words the causes, but then discuss a different aspect of it, such as the effects, solutions or the extent to whether it is a positive or negative development:

Causes & Effects:

  • Child Obesity
  • Skin Whitening Creams
  • Family Size
  • Having Children Later in Life
  • Time Away from Family

Causes and Solutions:

  • Youth Crime
  • Global Warming
  • Paying Attention in Class
  • International Travel & Prejudice 
  • Museums & Historical Places
  • Disappearance of Traditions
  • Communication Between Generations

Causes, Pros & Cons:

  • Family Closeness
  • Living Alone
  • Rural to Urban Migration

Problems & Solutions Type Questions

In these type of questions, instead of discussing the causes of a problem, you need to discuss the problems related to a particular issue in society, and then suggest what can be to solve these problems:

  • Overpopulation
  • Competing for Jobs  
  • Professionals Immigrating

Advantage & Disadvantages Type Questions

In these type of questions you are asked to discuss the positive and negative sides of a particular topic. You will usually be asked this in the context of giving an opinion ( e.g. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? Is it a positive or negative development? ): 

  • Traffic Problems
  • Food Additives
  • Computer Games
  • Age Discrimination at Work  
  • Children using Tablets and Computers  
  • Cell Phones, Internet, & Communication  
  • Working from Home 
  • Eating Locally grown  Produce  
  • Oil and Gas Essay  
  • Peer Pressure on Young People
  • Online Fraud
  • Decreasing House Sizes

'Hybrid' Types of Essay Question

There are sometimes questions that don't fit easily into a particular category as above. I've called these 'hybrid', as they are of mixed character, are composed of different elements from other types of essay, or are perhaps just worded differently. 

  • Protecting Old Buildings
  • Animal Testing
  • Fear of Crime
  • Communication Technology
  • Influence of Children's Friends  

Sample Essays with Band Scores

You can also view some sample essays that have been written by candidates practising for the test and have band scores and comments by an experienced ex-IELTS Examiner based on the IELTS marking criteria. 

  • IELTS Band 8 Essay Samples
  • IELTS Band 7 Essay Samples
  • IELTS Band 6 Essay Samples
  • IELTS Band 5 Essay Samples
  • IELTS Band 4 Essay Samples

Student Sample Essays

For more IELTS essay topics with answers you can also view essays that have been written by students. Some have feedback from other students or IELTS teachers:

  • Student Model Essays  (with comments by other students)
  • Student Model Essays (with comments by IELTS buddy)

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How To Write A Conclusion

In the conclusion, you want to show the examiner that you can sum up your main ideas and end the essay solidly. This is the closing statement, the examiner will read this paragraph last, so it needs to be strong, preferably short but to the point. You may not have much time left in the test when you write your conclusion, so practice as much as you can, looking at the various ways they can be written according to the question type.

If you would like to purchase a 12 page PDF download that is easy to read and print out please take a look at the bookshop >

Conclusion STRUCTURE

Advantages/Disadvantages Essay Conclusion

Agree/Disagree Essay Conclusion

Direct Question Conclusion

TIP >> Don’t just copy whole sentences, words and phrases from your essay. Show the examiner that you have a wide range of vocabulary and paraphrase. 

TIP >> Always end your essay with a conclusion, two sentences is enough and you need one to be able to get a band score of 7 or higher. 

CAUSE/EFFECT ESSAY

Advantages/disadvantages essay , problem/solution essay , discussion essay , agree/disagree essay , positive/negative essay , direct question essay.

In conclusion, there are clear benefits to individuals who are passionate about the arts and find enjoyment in them regularly. If more people tried to become involved in the arts, then perhaps they would find a way to allow themselves time to become creative or to relax, while learning something new. 

This is a high-level conclusion, the first sentence begins with the cohesive device – in conclusion, and then proceeds to summarise the main points. It also gives a recommendation.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Writing a Conclusion

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IELTS Writing Task 2

On this page I’ll be looking at how to write a clear and concise conclusion for writing task 2 and discussing its importance to your overall band score using this task as an example. 

Watch the video on how to write a clear conclusion for writing task 2. ​ ​ ​ ​

IELTS Writing Task 2

The conclusion if often neglected mainly because students often run out of time and have to rush through it or they undervalue it and assign more importance to the introduction and body paragraphs.  A clear conclusion is as important as all the other elements of your answer. 

What to include

A conclusion is a summary of the content of your essay. It should show the examiner that you are bringing everything to a close.  Always begin with “To conclude,” or “In conclusion,”. 

Restate your position (for opinion questions) from the introduction. Don’t copy your position word for word. Use synonyms and  paraphrase.

Example: 

Introduction

“I strongly disagree with this statement...”

“ In conclusion, classroom tuition, with tutors  and pupils in the same room,  will never be completely replaced ...”

Restate the main reasons for your position from the body paragraphs. Don’t include the supporting details.  They are not necessary and will take too long. 

Don’t copy your main reasons word for word. Use synonyms and paraphrase.

“... because remote lea rning not a suitable approach for youngsters and, what is more, it is impractical for subjects requiring explicit practice.  

What NOT to include

Never include any new information in the conclusion. A conclusion is a summary of what you have already written. Ideas with supporting details should be in the body paragraphs.

Avoid generalizations and keep it relevant and specific to your answer. Generalizations about the topic are never a good strategy. Conclusions should be specific. 

Conclusions should be limited to one or two sentences.

In conclusion, classroom tuition, with tutors and pupils in the same room, will never be completely replaced because remote learning not a suitable approach for youngsters and, what is more, it is impractical for subjects requiring explicit practice.

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First, you should start with a linking phrase, but some are better than others. Here are some examples:

  • In a nutshell
  • In conclusion
  • To conclude

Finally  isn’t really suitable because it indicates that you are making a final point and therefore a new idea.  Finally  belongs in the main body of your essay, not the conclusion.

In a nutshell  is too informal and we should never use it in IELTS conclusions.

In general  tells the reader you are going to talk generally about a topic. This is not what we are going to do in our conclusion and we should therefore not use it.

In conclusion  and  to conclude  are the only two linking phrases you should use to start your conclusion. They tell the reader exactly what the paragraph is about and they are formal. You will only write one conclusion, so simply pick one and stick with it.

How to Write a Good Conclusion

There are two elements to a good conclusion:

  • Summarising the main points of your essay
  • Varying your vocabulary by paraphrasing

Luckily we have already stated our main points in the introduction, so all we have to do is look back at the conclusion and paraphrase this.

Let’s look at some examples:

essay conclusion ielts

Introduction

It is argued that students should be taught real-life skills, like how to look after money. This essay agrees that they should be part of the curriculum because everyday competencies benefit people later in life and not being taught how to manage money at an early age can lead to dangerous consequences in adulthood. 

I have completed an effective introduction by doing three things:

  • Paraphrasing the question
  • Stating my opinion
  • Outlining what I will talk about in the rest of the essay or in other words, the main points I’m using to support my opinion.

In conclusion, this essay supports the idea that teenagers ought to be taught functional subjects like financial planning because it helps them in adulthood and a lack of education related to these topics can have serious consequences. 

So all I have done is restate my opinion and included my main supporting points. However, I have not simply copied all the words, I have used synonyms and paraphrasing to vary my language.

Note that I have repeated some words. Paraphrasing does not mean change every single word. If you cannot think of a way to change every word, feel free to repeat that word. In general, you should try to vary your vocabulary as much as possible, but it is often impossible to change every single word. Better to repeat a word accurately than change it to something that is wrong.

Here are the paraphrases I used:

This essay supports- This essay agrees

should- ought to

students- teenagers

functional subjects- real-life skills

look after money- financial planning

later in life- adulthood

Let’s look at another example :

essay conclusion ielts

Contemporary advances have a serious effect on the planet. While I appreciate that critics may hope that people will shun the latest developments, I believe that technology itself can give us an answer.  This essay will first discuss how not using electronics is unfeasible, followed by a discussion of how science is now coming up with ways to reverse global warming and pollution. 

This introduction does three basic things:

1. Paraphrases the question

2. States opinion

3. Outlines what the essay will discuss

In conclusion, this essay acknowledges that technological progress does jeopardise the planet, but cutting-edge discoveries can actually halt and even heal this destruction. 

Again, all I have done is to repeat what I said in the introduction using paraphrasing.

Adding a Prediction or Recommendation to Our Conclusion 

essay conclusion ielts

We can also add a prediction (what we think will happen) or a recommendation (what we think should happen) to our conclusion.

This is totally optional. I teach students how to write these because it allows them to write something at the end of the essay if they are worried about not making it to 250 words. Only use these if you have no other option to get you over the word count. 

Here are my two previous conclusions with one added sentence:

In conclusion, this essay supports the idea that teenagers ought to be taught functional subjects like financial planning because it helps them in adulthood and a lack of education related to these topics can have serious consequences.  It is recommended that governments make this a compulsory part of the education system. 

In conclusion, this essay acknowledges that technological progress does jeopardise the planet, but cutting-edge discoveries can actually halt and even heal this destruction. It is predicted that climate change will be successfully tackled with such inventions. 

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures

The four most common IELTS writing Task 2 questions are: Opinion, Advantages and Disadvantages, Problem and Solution Discussion

IELTS Task 2 Essay Structures

Knowing how to structure your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay is an essential skill that can make the difference between getting and not getting the band score you deserve. With that in mind, we have outlined the most common IELTS Writing Task 2 structures below.

essay conclusion ielts

Nearly all of my Task 2 essays follow this basic structure: The sentences you put in each paragraph will depend on what type of question you get.

The five most common IELTS Writing Task 2 questions are:

  • Opinion (Agree or Disagree)
  • Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Problem and Solution
  • Discussion (Discuss both views)
  • Two-part Question

Below I will outline examples and a structure approved by experienced IELTS teachers and examiners for each type of question. This will help you write a clear, coherent answer and hopefully boost your IELTS band score. I also include an example answer for each type of question so you can see the structure in a real essay.

Please note that these are general structures and may vary slightly depending on the question.

Please also note that no ‘one’ Task 2 essay structure will get you a high score. There are many types of structures that can get you a high score. These are just some I think are effective and easy to learn. 

Please visit the lessons below for more detailed guidance on each type of question. I have provided a link at the end of each section.

essay conclusion ielts

Opinion Questions (Agree or Disagree) 

Typical Question Words –

What is your opinion?

Do you agree or disagree?

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Direct question.

Example Question –

Some people believe that unpaid community service should be compulsory in high school programmes (for example, working for a charity, improving the neighbourhood or teaching sports to younger children).

Essay Structure 

Introduction 

1- Paraphrase Question

2- Give your opinion and outline the main ideas.

Main Body Paragraph 1 

1- Topic Sentence

2- Explain Topic Sentence

Main Body Paragraph 2

Conclusion 

1- Summary of main points and opinion

Student Sample Answer

It is argued that volunteering should be made part of the school curriculum. This essay agrees with that suggestion completely because it help pupils develop soft skills and helps them gain much-needed work experience.

Education should not be limited to strictly academic pursuits, and those in education should also develop life skills, such as teamwork, empathy and self-discipline, and one of the best ways to hone these aptitudes is through community service. Serving those less fortunate than ourselves teaches us many lessons, including how to work with people from other backgrounds and the value of hard work, thus enabling us to hone these skills before becoming an adult. For example, many young people from wealthier countries take a gap year and help those less fortunate than themselves to increase their gratitude for what they have and improve their work ethic.

Many colleges and companies are also increasingly looking for this type of experience. Most school leavers have the same grades, and charitable work can help set you apart from other students when making college applications. For example, Cambridge and Oxford receive thousands of applications from straight-A students yearly and can only accept a small percentage of applicants. What you have done outside the classroom often differentiates you from everyone else and gets you that coveted spot.

In conclusion, teenagers should be made to partake in unpaid work as part of their schooling because it will help them learn things they wouldn’t ordinarily learn from their teachers, and it will also boost their chances of getting into third-level education.

For more detail on how to answer agree or disagree questions, please visit our opinion essay lesson . 

Need help writing essays like this? Check out our ESSAY CORRECTION SERVICE .

Advantages and Disadvantages Questions

Typical Question Words 

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.

What are the advantages and disadvantages?

Example Question

Technology is being used more and more in education.

Essay Structure

2- Outline Main Points

Main Body Paragraph 1

1- State Two Advantages

2- Expand/Explain First Advantage

3- Expand/Explain Second Advantage

1- State Two Disadvantages

2- Expand/Explain First Disadvantage

3- Expand/Explain Second Disadvantage

essay conclusion ielts

1- Summary of Main Points

Student Sample Answer 

It is argued that technology plays an ever-increasing role in schools and universities. Increased access to information and student freedom are the main advantages, whereas dependency on technology and decreasing levels of face-to-face contact are the main disadvantages.

Access to more information and student autonomy are the principal advantages of increasing the use of electronic devices in education. With the internet, students can access all the information available about any topic, regardless of what books and other resources are available in the school. Furthermore, students can focus on whatever topic or subject they want and study it in depth. A prime example of this is the number of online university courses available to students, covering a myriad of subjects that, up until recently, were unavailable to most learners. This has resulted in more people studying third-level degrees than ever before at a pace and schedule that suits them.

The main disadvantages associated with the increasing use of technology in education are the dependency on this technology and the decrease in face-to-face interaction between students. With many students now using the internet as their primary source of information, they often struggle to use other academic resources to find what they’re looking for. As well as this, students spend more time looking at computer screens by themselves than interacting with each other, which is thought to lead to lower levels of emotional intelligence. For instance, the recent explosion in smartphone use has been at the expense of genuine human interaction. This results in soft skills, such as verbal communication and empathy, being affected.

In conclusion, the benefits technology brings to education, such as unrestricted access to information and student autonomy, must be weighed against the drawbacks, such as dependency on this technology and the negative effects on human interaction.

For more detail on how to answer advantage and disadvantage questions, please visit our  advantage and disadvantage lesson . 

Discuss Both Views Question (Discussion Essay)  

essay conclusion ielts

Discuss both points of view and give your opinion.

Example Question 

Technology is being used more and more in education. Some people say that this is a positive trend, while others argue that it is leading to negative consequences.

Discuss both sides of this argument and then give your own opinion.

1- Paraphrase Question and/or state both viewpoints.

2- Thesis Statement

3- Outline Sentence

1- State first viewpoint

2- Discuss first viewpoint

3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint

4- Example to support your view

1- State second viewpoint

2- Discuss second viewpoint

Sentence 1- Summary

Sentence 2- State which one is better or more important

There is an ever-increasing use of technology, such as tablets and laptops, in the classroom. It is often argued that this is a positive development, whilst others disagree and think it will lead to adverse ramifications. This essay agrees that an increase in technology is beneficial to students and teachers.

The Internet has provided students with access to more information than ever before. This has allowed learners to research and learn about any subject at the touch of a button. It is therefore agreed that technology is a very worthwhile tool for education. Wikipedia is a prime example, where students can type in any keyword and gain access to in-depth knowledge quickly and easily.

However, many disagree and feel that technology deprives people of real human interaction. Human interaction teaches people valuable skills such as discourse, debate and empathy. Without these soft skills, many people find it difficult to become successful in work and their personal lives. Despite this, human interaction is still possible through the internet, and this essay disagrees that technology should be dismissed for this reason. For instance, Skype and Facebook allow people to interact in ways that were never before possible.

While the benefits of technology, particularly the internet, allow students to tap into limitless sources of information, some still feel that people should be wary of this new phenomenon and not allow it to curb face-to-face interaction. However, as long as we carefully consider the importance of human interaction in education, the educational benefits are clearly positive.

For more detail on how to answer discussion questions please visit our  discussion essay lesson . 

Problem and Solution Questions

essay conclusion ielts

Problem and solution.

Cause and solution.

Students are becoming more and more reliant on technology.

What are some of the problems associated with reliance on computers, and what are some of the possible solutions?

2- Outline Sentence

1- State Problems

2- Explain First Problem

3- Explain Second Problem

4- Example of Second Problem

1- State Solutions

2- Explain First Solution

3- Explain Second Solution

4- Example of Second Solution

Learners are becoming increasingly dependent on technology, such as the Internet and mobile devices. This essay believes the main problems associated with dependence on computers are the lack of original thought and copying original work from others and suggests critical thinking classes and writing analysis software as the most viable solutions.

The principal problems with over-reliance on technology are people being unable to think for themselves and plagiarism. With access to so much information, students often rely on other people’s opinions instead of forming their own. As well as this, they often use search engines to answer a question and copy the text from a website rather than thinking about the question. This practice is prohibited in schools and universities and stunts students’ intellectual development because they will never truly think for themselves, which is what university is supposed to be for. For example, many teachers complain that students copy web pages straight from Wikipedia word for word rather than giving a reasoned answer to their questions.

Solutions to these worrying problems are special classes to focus on critical thinking and teachers using anti-plagiarism software to detect copying. If teachers create situations where students have to infer meaning and express opinions based on a small amount of information, this will ensure that students have an opportunity to develop these skills. Also, if students know that their assignments are being checked for plagiarism, this will be enough to deter them from doing so. For instance, many universities already use this kind of software to scan coursework for plagiarism, and it could be extended to include all homework by learners in both secondary and tertiary education.

In conclusion, the main problems with the overuse of technology in education are the lack of original thought and plagiarism. These can be solved through special classes that teach students analytical skills and plagiarism detection software.

For more detail on how to answer problem and solution questions please visit our  problem and solution lesson . 

Two-Part Questions

essay conclusion ielts

There will normally be a statement, and they will then ask you to answer separate questions.

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.

What factor contributes to job satisfaction?

How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

2- Outline Sentence (mention both questions)

1- Answer first question directly

2- Explain why

3- Further explain

1- Answer second question directly

As most adults spend most of their time at work, being content with your career is a crucial part of a person’s health and happiness. This essay will first suggest fair pay as a key element leading to job satisfaction, and it will then state that it is not very likely that everyone can be happy with their job.

The most important thing that satisfies someone at work is being compensated fairly. If those more senior than you respect you as a person and the job you are doing, then you feel like you are valued. A fair salary and benefits are important marks of respect, and if you feel you are being underpaid, you will either resent your bosses or look for another job. These two factors came top of a recent job satisfaction survey conducted by Monster.com, which found that 72% of people were pleased with their current role if their superiors regularly told them they were appreciated.

With regard to the question of happiness for all workers, I think this is and always will be highly unlikely. The vast majority of people fail to reach their goals and end up working in a post they don’t really care about in return for a salary. This money is just enough to pay their living expenses which often means they are trapped in a cycle of disenchantment. For example, The Times recently reported that 89% of office workers would leave their jobs if they did not need the money.

In conclusion, being satisfied with your trade or profession is an important part of one’s well-being, and respect from one’s colleagues and fair pay can improve your level of happiness; however, job satisfaction for all workers is an unrealistic prospect.

Can I get a band 8 or 9 following these structures? 

Nobody can give you a Task 2 IELTS structure that guarantees high scores. Your score is dependent on how good your grammar and vocabulary are and how well you answer the question. A good structure will help you answer the question to some extent and boost your score for coherence and cohesion, but you must use relevant ideas and use these ideas well to answer the question.

You can see how my student scored a Band 8.5 in IELTS Writing here:

essay conclusion ielts

Next Steps 

We hope you found those IELTS Writing Task 2 structures useful. Looking for some more sample questions? Here are over 100 sample questions from past exam papers.

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Band 9 Guide: IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Types and Structures + Sample Essays

In the IELTS Writing Task 2, you are required to craft a compelling essay on a given topic. The approach and structure will largely depend on the question type presented. This guide offers a detailed look into the various question types, their structures, and strategies to tackle them effectively.

Here are the essay types that we will cover:

  • Opinion Questions (Agree or Disagree)
  • Advantages and Disadvantages Questions
  • Discussion (Discuss Both Views) Questions
  • Problem and Solution Questions
  • Two-Part Questions
  • Mixed Type (Advantages and Disadvantages + Opinion)
  • Double Question
  • Causes (Reasons) and Effects

At the end, we will provide you with some supplementary tips that you can use to improve your writing band score in the IELTS exam.

1. Opinion Questions (Agree or Disagree)

This question type asks you to express your viewpoints on a given topic or statement.

Question Example:

Is digital technology in schools beneficial for students learning?

Essay Structure:

  • Introduction : Paraphrase the Question and state your opinion, outlining the main ideas.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1 : Begin with a topic sentence, explain this topic sentence, and provide an example.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2 : Follow the same format as the previous paragraph.
  • Conclusion : Recap the main points and reiterate your opinion.

Sample Essay:

Introduction: Digital technology has become an integral part of modern education, transforming the way students learn and interact with the world. In this essay, I will outline why I believe that incorporating digital technology in schools is highly beneficial for students learning.

Main Body Paragraph 1: First and foremost, digital technology enhances engagement and active participation in the learning process. Interactive learning platforms, virtual simulations, and multimedia resources make lessons more captivating and encourage students to explore concepts in depth. For instance, online platforms like Khan Academy offer interactive math lessons that adapt to individual learning paces, ensuring a personalized and effective learning experience. This level of engagement fosters a deeper understanding of subjects.

Main Body Paragraph 2: Furthermore, digital technology equips students with practical skills relevant to the digital age. In today’s interconnected world, proficiency in using digital tools and navigating online resources is essential for success. Integrating technology into education not only prepares students for the future job market but also empowers them to be critical thinkers and problem solvers. For instance, coding workshops in schools enable students to develop computational thinking, a skill applicable in a wide range of disciplines.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the integration of digital technology into schools brings numerous advantages to students’ learning experiences. It enhances engagement, promotes practical skills, and cultivates a mindset of adaptability and innovation. While some may argue that excessive screen time can be detrimental, judicious use of technology can mitigate these concerns. By embracing digital technology, schools can provide a holistic and dynamic education that prepares students for the challenges of the modern world.

Advanced Tips:

  • Be clear in your stance and acknowledge counterarguments if necessary.
  • Employ persuasive tools like strong adjectives, rhetorical questions, and emphatic structures to bolster your arguments.

2. Advantages and Disadvantages Questions

You need to evaluate both the benefits and drawbacks of a particular topic or situation.

What are the pros and cons of remote work for professionals?

  • Introduction : Paraphrase the Question and outline the main points.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1 : Discuss two advantages, expand on each, and provide an example.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2 : Detail two disadvantages, delve deeper into each, and give an example.
  • Conclusion : Summarize the main pros and cons discussed.

Introduction: The advent of technology has revolutionized the way professionals work, giving rise to the concept of remote work. In this essay, I will discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of remote work for professionals.

Main Body Paragraph 1: Remote work offers several compelling advantages for professionals. Firstly, it provides a flexible work environment that allows individuals to balance their personal and professional lives effectively. This flexibility can lead to increased job satisfaction and improved overall well-being. Moreover, remote work eliminates the need for daily commutes, saving valuable time and reducing stress. According to a study conducted by Global Workplace Analytics, remote workers report higher levels of productivity due to reduced distractions commonly found in traditional office settings.

Main Body Paragraph 2: However, remote work also presents certain challenges. One notable disadvantage is the potential for isolation and reduced collaboration. In a traditional office environment, spontaneous interactions and face-to-face discussions foster creativity and teamwork. Remote work can lead to feelings of loneliness and hinder effective communication, which is crucial for innovative solutions to complex problems. Additionally, remote work requires a high level of self-discipline, as the absence of direct supervision may lead to procrastination and decreased accountability.

Conclusion: In conclusion, remote work offers professionals a range of benefits such as flexibility and time savings. However, it is not without its drawbacks, including potential isolation and reduced collaboration. To maximize the advantages of remote work while mitigating its disadvantages, professionals must cultivate effective communication skills, establish a dedicated workspace, and maintain a disciplined work routine. Ultimately, the success of remote work hinges on the ability to strike a balance between the convenience it offers and the challenges it poses.

  • Use transitional phrases to ensure smooth transitions between points.
  • Avoid mere antonyms when presenting pros and cons.

3. Discussion (Discuss Both Views) Questions

These questions require you to explore multiple perspectives on a topic.

Should governments prioritize economic growth over environmental conservation?

  • Introduction : Paraphrase the Question and provide a thesis statement.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1 : Detail one viewpoint, give reasons for/against it and provide an example.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2 : State the opposing viewpoint, discuss it, and again offer an example.
  • Conclusion : Sum up the discussion and state your preferred perspective.

Introduction: The delicate balance between economic growth and environmental conservation has become a critical concern in contemporary societies. In this essay, I will delve into both perspectives on whether governments should prioritize economic growth or environmental conservation.

Main Body Paragraph 1: From an economic standpoint, prioritizing growth can lead to numerous benefits. Economic expansion creates job opportunities, boosts national income, and improves living standards for citizens. For instance, countries like China and India have experienced significant economic growth that has lifted millions out of poverty. This growth can fund essential services such as healthcare and education, contributing to overall societal development.

Main Body Paragraph 2: On the other hand, environmental conservation holds paramount importance for the future well-being of our planet. Ecological degradation and resource depletion have dire consequences for ecosystems and humanity alike. Focusing on environmental conservation ensures the preservation of biodiversity, clean air, and freshwater sources. For instance, countries like Sweden have successfully implemented green policies, resulting in cleaner air and sustainable use of natural resources.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the debate over whether governments should prioritize economic growth or environmental conservation is complex and multifaceted. While economic growth brings prosperity and improved living standards, neglecting environmental concerns could lead to irreversible damage to our planet. Striking a balance between these two perspectives is crucial. Governments can implement policies that promote sustainable economic growth while also ensuring responsible resource management and environmental protection. Only through careful consideration and informed decision-making can societies navigate the intricate interplay between economic progress and environmental stewardship.

  • Ensure you give equal weight to both viewpoints.
  • Your conclusion should reflect a balanced understanding of the topic.

Read Also : Cohesive Devices for Band 9 in IELTS Writing: The ultimate guide

4. Problem and Solution Questions

This question type asks you to identify problems related to a situation and suggest solutions.

What challenges does urbanization present and how can cities adapt?

  • Introduction : Paraphrase the Question and outline the main ideas.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1 : Identify the problems, discuss them, and offer examples.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2 : Suggest possible solutions, discuss their feasibility, and provide examples.
  • Conclusion : Recap the highlighted problems and proposed solutions.

Introduction: The rapid pace of urbanization has transformed the world’s landscape, bringing with it a host of challenges that demand urgent attention. In this essay, I will explore the problems posed by urbanization and propose viable solutions to address these challenges.

Main Body Paragraph 1: Urbanization has given rise to a range of pressing issues. One significant challenge is the strain on urban infrastructure, including transportation and housing. As rural populations migrate to cities, the demand for housing outpaces supply, leading to slums and inadequate living conditions. Additionally, traffic congestion and limited public transport options undermine efficient mobility. Pollution is another critical concern as increased industrial activity and vehicular emissions degrade air quality, endangering residents’ health.

Main Body Paragraph 2: To counter these challenges, cities can adopt proactive measures. Firstly, urban planning should prioritize affordable housing initiatives and sustainable infrastructure development. By building smart cities that utilize technology to manage resources efficiently, governments can alleviate congestion and enhance the quality of life. Moreover, investing in efficient public transportation systems, such as metro networks and buses, can reduce traffic congestion and pollution. For instance, the Bus Rapid Transit system in Curitiba, Brazil, has improved transportation efficiency and reduced congestion.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the challenges posed by urbanization require multifaceted solutions that span urban planning, infrastructure development, and sustainable policies. By addressing housing shortages, improving transportation, and promoting environmentally conscious practices, cities can harness the potential of urbanization while mitigating its negative consequences. This approach will not only enhance the quality of life for urban residents but also contribute to the overall well-being of society in the face of an increasingly urbanized world.

  • Be specific in identifying problems and avoid vagueness.
  • Solutions should be practical and actionable.

5. Two-Part Questions

You are presented with a statement followed by two distinct queries that must be addressed.

How has digital technology impacted workplaces and what future advancements can be anticipated?

  • Introduction : Paraphrase the statement and outline both questions.
  • Main Body Paragraph 1 : Address the first question with explanations and examples.
  • Main Body Paragraph 2 : Respond to the second question, again with explanations and examples.
  • Conclusion : Summarize the responses to both questions.

Introduction: The integration of digital technology into workplaces has reshaped the dynamics of modern work environments, bringing forth both immediate changes and future possibilities. In this essay, I will delve into the ways digital technology has already transformed workplaces and discuss potential advancements that can be anticipated.

Main Body Paragraph 1: The impact of digital technology on workplaces has been profound. Firstly, it has streamlined communication and collaboration, allowing teams to collaborate across geographical boundaries in real-time. Tools like video conferencing and cloud-based document sharing have revolutionized how projects are managed. Moreover, automation powered by artificial intelligence (AI) has improved efficiency by handling routine tasks, freeing up employees to focus on more complex, creative endeavors. This has been particularly evident in industries like manufacturing, where robots have taken over repetitive and dangerous tasks.

Main Body Paragraph 2: Looking ahead, digital technology is poised to bring even more transformative changes. The rise of remote work is likely to continue, with augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technologies offering immersive virtual workspaces that replicate physical office environments. Furthermore, AI-driven analytics will enable data-driven decision-making, enhancing business strategies and customer interactions. The concept of a “smart office” will likely emerge, with interconnected devices and IoT (Internet of Things) technology optimizing resource utilization and energy efficiency.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the impact of digital technology on workplaces has been substantial, revolutionizing communication, automating tasks, and increasing efficiency. As we move forward, advancements such as AR, VR, AI, and IoT hold the promise of further reshaping work environments. To stay competitive, companies must embrace these innovations while also addressing potential challenges like data security and workforce adaptation. By doing so, they can position themselves to thrive in the rapidly evolving digital landscape.

  • Maintain a clear division between your answers to both questions.
  • Use predictive techniques when addressing future-related queries.

6. Mixed Type (Advantages and Disadvantages + Opinion)

Here, you should discuss the pros and cons of a topic, followed by expressing a personal opinion.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of online shopping and give your own opinion.

  • Introduction : Introduce the topic.
  • Advantages : 1-2 paragraphs detailing the benefits.
  • Disadvantages : 1-2 paragraphs detailing the drawbacks.
  • Opinion : State your viewpoint and provide supporting reasons.
  • Conclusion : Summarize the main points.

Introduction: The proliferation of online shopping has transformed the way consumers engage in commerce, offering convenience and accessibility like never before. This essay will explore the benefits and drawbacks of online shopping, followed by my personal opinion on its overall impact.

Advantages: Online shopping presents several advantages. Firstly, it offers unparalleled convenience, allowing customers to browse and purchase products from the comfort of their homes. This eliminates the need to travel to physical stores, saving time and energy. Moreover, the variety of options available online ensures a wider selection of products, often at competitive prices. Online platforms also offer detailed product information, reviews, and comparison tools, empowering consumers to make informed decisions.

Disadvantages: However, online shopping is not without its disadvantages. One major concern is the inability to physically inspect products before purchase. This can lead to dissatisfaction if the received item doesn’t match expectations. Additionally, online transactions may pose risks to personal data security and privacy. Cases of identity theft and online scams are not uncommon, raising concerns about the safety of online purchases. Furthermore, the lack of face-to-face interaction eliminates the personal touch of traditional shopping experiences.

Opinion: In my opinion, the advantages of online shopping outweigh its drawbacks. The convenience, vast selection, and competitive prices make it a viable option for today’s busy consumers. The potential risks associated with online transactions can be mitigated by adopting secure payment methods and practicing caution when sharing personal information. As technology continues to advance, addressing security concerns will likely become more effective.

Conclusion: In conclusion, online shopping offers undeniable benefits in terms of convenience, variety, and accessibility. While challenges such as product inspection and security issues persist, they can be managed with prudent shopping practices. Embracing online shopping while remaining vigilant about its potential pitfalls can lead to a rewarding and efficient shopping experience.

  • Balance your essay by giving equal importance to advantages, disadvantages, and your opinion.
  • Use rhetorical questions to highlight the significance of your viewpoint.

Read Also : Common grammar mistakes to avoid in the IELTS writing section

7. Double Question

Two distinct questions are presented that must be answered within the essay.

Why do people attend colleges or universities? What are the benefits of higher education?

  • Answer to Question 1 : Provide reasons and examples.
  • Answer to Question 2 : Offer explanations and illustrations.
  • Conclusion : Recap the main points made.

Introduction: The decision to pursue higher education is driven by a multitude of factors, each intertwined with the potential benefits that education beyond high school can offer. This essay will delve into the reasons individuals choose to attend colleges or universities and the advantages that higher education brings.

Answer to Question 1: People seek higher education for various reasons. Firstly, acquiring specialized knowledge and skills is a primary motivation. Colleges and universities offer structured curricula that equip students with expertise in their chosen fields. Furthermore, higher education provides opportunities for personal growth and self-discovery. The university environment encourages critical thinking, independent research, and exposure to diverse perspectives, fostering well-rounded individuals who are prepared for the challenges of the modern world.

Answer to Question 2: The benefits of higher education are manifold. Firstly, it significantly enhances career prospects. Graduates with degrees are often more competitive in the job market, commanding higher salaries and better employment opportunities. Additionally, higher education fosters networking and social connections that can open doors to professional opportunities. Moreover, education beyond high school cultivates critical thinking and problem-solving skills, which are invaluable assets in various aspects of life. For instance, an educated citizenry contributes to informed decision-making in society and drives innovation.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the decision to attend colleges or universities is driven by a desire for specialized knowledge, personal growth, and expanded opportunities. The benefits of higher education are far-reaching, including improved career prospects, enhanced critical thinking abilities, and societal contributions. As higher education continues to evolve and adapt to changing demands, its role in shaping individuals and society remains indispensable.

  • Use connectors like “Firstly” and “Secondly” to distinguish between the two answers.
  • Provide real-life examples to make your answers more credible.

8. Evaluation

You should assess the significance, relevance, or implications of a topic or statement.

How significant is the role of technology in education today?

  • Significance/Relevance : Describe why the topic is essential.
  • Counterarguments : Discuss opposing viewpoints or potential drawbacks.
  • Conclusion : Summarize your evaluation.

Introduction: Technology’s pervasive presence in modern education has sparked debates about its significance and impact on learning. This essay will evaluate the role of technology in education today, examining its importance and potential drawbacks.

Significance/Relevance: The role of technology in education is undeniably significant. It has transformed traditional classrooms into dynamic learning environments, offering interactive tools and resources that engage students. Technology facilitates personalized learning experiences, catering to diverse learning styles and paces. For instance, adaptive learning platforms tailor content to individual students’ progress, optimizing comprehension and retention. Moreover, technology has transcended geographical barriers, enabling distance learning and online courses that make education accessible to a global audience.

Counterarguments: However, there are counterarguments to the unqualified significance of technology in education. Overreliance on technology may lead to reduced face-to-face interactions and diminished social skills. Additionally, some educators argue that technology can be a distraction, diverting students’ attention from essential learning objectives. Moreover, the digital divide, where not all students have equal access to technology, can exacerbate educational inequalities.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the role of technology in education is undoubtedly significant, enhancing engagement, personalization, and accessibility. However, it’s crucial to acknowledge potential drawbacks such as social skill erosion and disparities in access. Technology’s effectiveness in education depends on its thoughtful integration and its alignment with pedagogical goals. Striking a balance between harnessing technology’s benefits and mitigating its downsides is essential to maximize its positive impact on modern education.

  • Maintain objectivity; avoid extreme positions unless strongly backed by evidence.
  • Use qualifiers like “largely”, “often”, or “generally” to avoid making absolute statements.

9. Causes (Reasons) and Effects

This type demands an understanding of the root causes of a situation and its resultant effects.

What are the reasons for increasing obesity rates in children, and what are its consequences?

  • Causes/Reasons : Elaborate on the underlying factors.
  • Effects/Consequences : Detail the outcomes or repercussions.
  • Conclusion : Recap the main causes and effects.

Introduction: The rising prevalence of childhood obesity has emerged as a critical public health concern in many societies. This essay will delve into the underlying causes of increasing obesity rates in children and explore the far-reaching consequences of this alarming trend.

Causes/Reasons: Several factors contribute to the growing obesity rates among children. Firstly, changes in dietary habits have led to increased consumption of processed foods high in sugars and unhealthy fats. Busy lifestyles and convenience-driven choices have shifted diets towards calorie-dense but nutritionally poor options. Sedentary behaviors, fueled by excessive screen time and a decline in physical activity, also play a pivotal role. Reduced outdoor play and an increasing reliance on electronic devices have led to a decline in daily physical activity levels. Furthermore, socioeconomic disparities can impact access to healthy food options and safe play spaces, exacerbating the issue.

Effects/Consequences: The consequences of childhood obesity are multifaceted and far-reaching. In the short term, overweight children often face social and psychological challenges, including low self-esteem and bullying. Moreover, childhood obesity sets the stage for lifelong health problems. Obese children are at a higher risk of developing chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and musculoskeletal issues. The economic burden on healthcare systems is substantial, as treating obesity-related illnesses places a strain on resources.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the rising prevalence of childhood obesity can be attributed to a complex interplay of factors, including dietary changes, sedentary lifestyles, and socioeconomic disparities. The consequences of childhood obesity extend beyond physical health, impacting mental well-being and straining healthcare systems. Addressing this issue requires a comprehensive approach involving education, policy changes, and community initiatives that promote healthy diets and active lifestyles from an early age.

  • Use cause-effect connectors like “due to”, “because of”, “as a result”, and “hence”.
  • Illustrate causes and effects with recent studies or statistical data where possible.

Read Also : How to use Complex Sentences in IELTS writing?

Supplementary Skills and Tips

Advanced Writing Techniques :

  • Use cohesive devices like ‘however’, ‘moreover’, and ‘therefore’ to ensure fluidity.
  • Vary sentence lengths for rhythm and engagement.
  • Incorporate credible statistics where appropriate.

Pitfalls to Avoid :

  • Stay away from broad generalizations and sweeping statements.
  • Use varied vocabulary to prevent monotony.
  • Always revise your essay before submission.

Enhancing Vocabulary :

  • Improve your vocabulary to make your essay more engaging. For instance, instead of “good”, use words like “beneficial” or “advantageous”.

The Importance of Practice and Feedback :

  • Regular practice, coupled with feedback, is key. Take online IELTS mock tests with detailed feedback from certified examiners to improve your writing skills.

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Writing Task 2 Sample

IELTS Writing Task 2 ( also known as IELTS Essay Writing ) is the second task of your IELTS Writing test. Here, you will be presented with an essay topic and you will be scored based on your ability to respond to the topic.

You need to write at least 250 words and justify your opinion with arguments, discussion, examples, problem outlining, proposing possible solutions and supporting your position. You will have approximately 40 minutes to finish your Essay Writing. IELTS Writing Task 2 carries more weights than Writing Task 1.

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IELTS Writing Task 2: How to write a good conclusion

The conclusion is an important part of your IELTS Writing Task 2 response. A good conclusion is not just a summary of information presented in your essay, but also helps emphasise the importance of the main points or opinions in your essay and gives the reader a sense of closure.

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When writing a conclusion (closing paragraph) in Writing Task 2, there are a few things that you should do (or avoid) in order to make your conclusion a more effective one. Knowing what to include or avoid in your closing paragraph can help you get a higher band score in IELTS Writing. So, let’s look at some tips you can practice and implement in your response.  

Tip 1: Refer back to your introductory paragraph

You may want to think of your introduction and conclusion as two pieces of the same puzzle because they should be closely linked. Make sure you: 

Return to the idea(s) that you presented in your introduction  

And add further insight obtained after writing the body of your essay. 

Tip 2: Summarise your essay’s main arguments

It is very important to provide a summary of your essay’s main points in your conclusion. But make sure you avoid repeating things. Instead, show the examiner how the arguments you made and the supporting details you used all fit together. 

Tip 3: Avoid repetition

When summarising the main points in your essay, don’t repeat the language you use in your body paragraphs. Vary your language so that you don’t repeat the same words and sentence structures again and again. This will show the examiner that you can use a wider range of vocabulary and grammatical structures. 

Tip 4: Give your own opinion

In Writing Task 2, you will always be asked to give your opinion in essay form. If you get to your final paragraph and realise that you haven’t given your opinion, make sure you include it in your conclusion so your opinion is clear. 

Tip 5: Don’t introduce a new argument

Make sure you do not raise new points in your conclusion. Remember that your closing paragraph is where you bring closure to your essay and not where you introduce new ideas. 

How to put these tips into action

Now that we have looked at strategies for writing an effective conclusion, let’s see how these strategies work together to bring an essay to a cohesive end. 

Take a look at the sample question, sample introductory paragraph and conclusion below. And see how this test taker has put the 5 tips mentioned into action to write a cohesive conclusion.

Example - Writing Task 2 question

The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. 

The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages. 

To what extent do you agree or disagree?  

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.  

Write at least 250 words. 

Writing Task 2: Sample introduction

Nuclear technology has been around for many years. Whether this technology is used for weapons of mass destruction or as a source of energy, many are of the belief that the use of nuclear energy has more advantages than disadvantages. In my opinion, nuclear technology can indeed be a very efficient energy source. However, nuclear weapons possess such enormous destructive power that any benefits that this technology may offer to humankind are not enough to counter its potentially devastating effects. This essay will address why the drawbacks of nuclear technology outweigh the benefits and will include relevant examples to support this position. 

Writing Task 2: Sample conclusion

Nuclear technology is extremely dangerous. Even though nuclear weapons have only been used twice, on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, evidence from these actions, as well as from nuclear accidents such as the Chernobyl disaster, are irrefutable proof of the disastrous effects of nuclear technology. Even in the absence of nuclear accidents, nuclear power inevitably produces radioactive waste, which is severely damaging to our bodies. Our best protection against these dangers is to simply not use nuclear technology. Instead, we should look for alternative ways to produce sustainable energy and to achieve world peace through spreading a message of tolerance, kindness and non-violence. 

If you review the main points in the example conclusion above: 

The destructive power of nuclear weapons 

The disastrous consequences of nuclear disasters 

The harmful effects of radioactive waste. 

You will see the writer reminds the examiner (reader) the strength and importance of their main ideas, while summarising how this point fit well with the examples provided in the body of the essay.  

To finish, you can see the writer highlights their proposed course of action, which helps end the essay on a more positive note.

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Is a Conclusion Important in IELTS Writing Task 2?

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

Conclusions: What are they worth in IELTS Essays?

There are four marking criteria for writing task 2:

  • Task Response
  • Coherence & Cohesion

Your conclusion falls under the criterion of Task Response. You are given a band score for each criterion and then a total band score for writing task 2. If you fail to have a conclusion, you will get under band score 6 in Task Response, which is 25% of your marks.

Paragraphs in Writing Task 2

You must divide your essay into paragraphs. You can have four paragraphs or five paragraphs in total. You should not have three and you can’t have six. See below:

  • Introduction
  • Body Paragraph 1
  • Body Paragraph 2
  • Body Paragraph 3

Conclusion Length & Content

Your conclusion should be one or two sentences long. Not more. It is a waste of timing having a long conclusion and it won’t help your score.

Your conclusion should summarise the main points you provided in your essay.

Conclusion Linking Words

Use the right words to start your conclusion for IELTS writing task 2. This lesson is for IELTS essays in both GT and Academic writing. Using the wrong linking words will lower your score.

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Hi! I’m extremely worried! I gave my General Training IELTS exam. I wrote an amazing letter and then again wrote a very good essay. It had main ideas that were fully developed and were accompanied with adequate examples. I made sure to answer everything that was asked in the question and didn’t sway away from the topic at all. I had a word count of 399. But somehow my mind froze in the last 3 minutes and I didn’t write a conclusion. I understand that you won’t be able to answer this well without looking at my essays but just out of your experience, I’d like to understand if there is absolutely any chance that I’d still get a band 7. Waiting for the result is a terrifying experience!

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Not having a conclusion will affect your score for Task Response as I’ve explained on the page above. But it won’t affect your score for any other marking criteria or for task 1 either. So, your final writing score will depend on your performance in other areas. I am concerned that you wrote nearly 400 words for your essay when you ought to aim for around 190 or 200 at most. I does make me wonder if you were fully prepared for the test and aware of your test aims. Anyway, your writing band score is yet to be known and anything is possible. I’ll keep my fingers crossed for you for good results. However, if you don’t get what you need, please review all pages of my website before your next test so that you have the right aims.

The word count of 399 was for Task 2.. My Task 1 was 170 words

As I mentioned, you ought to be aiming for around 290 words for task 2 and around 190 words for task 1. Going over 300 in task 2 and over 200 in task 1 isn’t worth it.

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Hello teacher Elizabeth Would you please explain about the conclusion in sample answer in Cambridge 10 page 166, which says: “Some may argue that all people are entitled to have access to the same products, but I say that local objects suit local conditions best, and that faceless uniformity worldwide is an unwelcome and dreary prospect.”

How is it considered it as an conclusion? How is it considered a summary, when in the bodies they didn’t write local objects suit local conditions directly? Is it possible to mix counter argument with conclusion?

The essays in the Cambridge IELTS Test books are NOT models. They are samples. Don’t use them as templates.

Thank you so much.

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According to the band descriptor, there should be no ‘repetitive conclusion’. Does it refer to the conclusion coming at the end of the essay? If yes, how should we avoid repetition? Do we need a clincher?

The conclusion is a summary. This means you take your main stance and summarise it for the conclusion. This avoids repetition.

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I did not write conclusion, so the overall writing score will be less than 6 band

The lack of conclusion and the marking is not about your overall score for writing. It means you will be given 5 or 5.5 in the criterion of Task Response and that counts for only 25% of your Task 2 marks.

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I was wondering if I would get penalized a lot for this.

I was able to conclude, however, my final sentence was incomplete. I wrote, “To conclude, having government funded education benefits the country as a whole in terms of skilled workers and a productive population. However, in comparison, a lack of government financed high-level education results in poor quality of life due to demands of (cut off)….

Thank youuu

A conclusion can be only one sentence. It does not need to be two sentences. So, you have actually produced a conclusion even though it wasn’t finished – that is important. If there is no conclusion, you automatically get band 5 for Task Response – but that isn’t the case here. Of course it isn’t good to not finish a sentence, but that is the only problem here. There is no fixed penalty for that at all.

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Hi liz I need your help.. Because of shortage of time in my conclusion for task 2 ,I wrote “In conclusion, free” and then my paper was quickly taken away

I wanted to write In conclusion,free education is essential …………………

Will I still get up to band 7.

A lack of conclusion limits your score in Task Response which is 25% of your task 2 marks. It does not affect your score for the other three marking criteria or for task 1. So, your final score will depend on those other aspects of writing.

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In my general test task 2 I was given a question prompt. “Some people think government should construct new roads to reduce traffic congestion. What is your opinion?

My thesis = I completely agree that construction of new routes will reduce the issue of Go-slow. However, recruiting of more road officials is also important.

Please did I go off point in task response? I ended up summarizing my first paragraph with “in a nutshell”

Am really afraid, it was really a mistake and wasn’t intentional.

It’s fine to expand solutions in an opinion essay like that. IELTS have presented you with a possible solution for traffic congestion. You’ve agreed it’s a good idea but also added there is another good solution as well. All this is fine. Using “In a nutshell” is an error in language, but it’s one error so relax. Even band 8 or 9 essays contain accidental slips in language. Wishing you lots of luck with your results!!

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Hi , I had my ielts yesterday and I had a cause and negative effects type in writing task 2. I paraphrase the introduction and I discuss the cause in paragraph 1 then negative effects in paragraph 2 but I’m so anxious that I forgot to write the conclusion. I don’t know why I forgot to write another paragraph for conclusion, maybe because I already reached the bottom of the page and I just realised now that I did not made a conclusion. I’m so worried now. Will I still be able to achieve 7 or at least 6.5 in writing?

There are four marking criteria for task 2. In the marking criterion of Task Response, you will be given band 5 because you have no conclusion. But it will not affect your score for the other marking criteria or for task 1. It is therefore not possible to predict your score – it will depend on how well you did in all the other areas.

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Hi Liz! Thank you very much for your advice! I did my IELTS test yesterday, but unfortunately I had a problem during the writing task 2..I wasted too much time for task 1 and I didn’t write the second main paragraph 🙁 I need to get a score of 6 in writing! Do you think that I have any chance to get 6? Task 1 has gone well, I think. Thank you very much!

It is not possible to know what score you are capable of getting without seeing both pieces of writing with the full tasks. The scoring is based on much more than just task completion. You will need to wait for your results to see how not completing task 2 will affect your overall final writing score.

Thank you very much, also for your useful tips!

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Hi Liz, I couldn’t finish my conclusion. However, I wront, “Therefore to recapitulate, traditional customs are irrelevant at times. However,….” and the screen went off!

Could you please let me know if this qualifies as a valid conclusion.

Yes, it is a conclusion. It is not complete, but it is a conclusion. Your score will only be affected by incomplete information and the final score will therefore depend on all other marking criteria.

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Hi Liz, thank you so much for your lessons. I had my ielts test today but i have a problem. In the reading part, i took time out to use the restroom and when i came back, i had less time to answer all questions so i left some spaces blank. Will i be penalized for not attempting all the questions?

You can’t get minus points. You get one point for each answer that is correct – nothing else affects your score.

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LIZ MAM INSTEAD CONCLUSION I WROTE OPINION OF MINE IT WAS TWO PART ESSAY AND SAID TO WRITE OPINON M AFRAID PLZ GIVE FEEDBACK

I can’t give you precise feedback without seeing the full essay. An opinion does not usually qualify as a conclusion. A conclusion is a summary of main points which means a paragraph that restates points already given.

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Mam I didn’t get time to complete conclusion as I went for wash-room in between the exam. And the time was over at end. My conclusion ended as following

< Indeed to my point of view, I opine that ….(time was over)

How all it affects my marks, can you reply elaborately.

The words “Indeed to my point of view” indicate you are about to present an opinion. Those words do not show a conclusion. The words “In conclusion” show a conclusion. This means you failed to write a conclusion and you failed to start a conclusion for your essay. Please watch the video above to learn about how that impacts your score.

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Hi Liz, I really want to thank you for your help and the invaluable assisstance you provide.

I have just finished my IELTS exam. I don’t remember seriously, but I am afraid that I forgot to write the introduction for task 2. Maybe I got so excited and jumped immediately into the first paragraph. I wrote very good and comprehensive 2 body paragraphs and a conclusion, moreover I was so careful to reach the 250 words coun.

Please tell me is this gonna affect my score in writing? And to what extent?

Yes, it will affect your score. However, it is not possible to predict the outcome. You must wait for your results – good luck!

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I wrote “To conclude, in the light of aforementioned arguments, I believe that government should spend money for sports facilities of every one instead of only for top players” is it enough conclusion?? Question was “discuss both views and give your opinion

Don’t use learned expressions!! ” In conclusion” is a linker which is fine and must be used. But “in the light of the …” is a learned expression which shows you are not able to create your own sentences and must memorise expressions from books.

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hi liz…

thanks for your website…

just now i finished my ielts general exam… unfortunatly they pulled the paper before finishing my task 2 conclusuion.. in the introduction i wrote to some extents i disagree with the road widening then i wrote 3 bodies… when i reach to the conclusion i wrote only(( in conclusion, i do not agree.))

that is it🙁😖 then they pulled the paper… may i score 6 or more? i did very well in task 1 and the task 2 except this part

I think you are very very lucky that you wrote those words. If you had written “In conclusion,” with nothing more, it would have been a serious problem. Of course your short conclusion is a problem but not so serious. Lets wait and see your results 🙂

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Hi LIZ I have not rephrase my ideas in conclusion(i just gave my opinion). Is this affects my bands?

I can’t comment. Your conclusion should link directly to the ideas and opinion you have given in your essay.

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I did not got time to write conclusion in writing task 2..? Is there possible for me to overall 6 in writing criteria..?

No conclusion affects your score for Task Response which is one marking criterion. There are still three other marking criteria. So, you’ll need to wait for your results.

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Hi liz, Your lessons are always of great help, thanks a lot. In writing what does good reference means? Thanks

I don’t understand your question.

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Just received my results . I worked really hard to move from a band 7 overall (l 9,r 7,w 6 ,s6..5) to band 8 overall (l 8.5,r 8,w 6.5,s 8.5) , however due to my writing band I might have to sit for my ielts again. I have given it for re-evaluation and am pretty optimistic (contrary to the general belief that bands don’t change after correction)

Wanted to acknowledge your effort in putting up this website to help a lot of strugglers . I am looking forward to using your essay correction service in the future ..

Cheers on the great work again

You’re scores are great. I wish you luck with your remark 🙂

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Hi Liz, I know that we get same types of questions (agree/disagree, discussion/opinion, question type and etc.) in both GT and AT module writing task 2. But I noticed that they give different questions for GT and AT. I feel that AT questions are bit more abstract. Is that true? Are there any specific areas/topics that a GT students do not need to worry? Thank Liz

That is right. The Academic writing task 2 essay question is often more difficult. The topics are more or less the same. GT students are unlikely to get academic topics such as space exploration.

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Dear Liz hi

Can you please tell me the marking criteria for IELTS speaking test??

Thanks a lot and God bless you richly as you do a great work for all of us

You can see the marking criteria on this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-band-scores/

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Dear Liz… Your website is a versatile one for all the modules.. Thanks a lot for your immense work to motivate candidates..recent exam questions in speaking are really helpful..I have a small doubt which word is good to use along with cake, garnish or decorate.Awaiting for my test results.. Thanks in advance

A cake is always decorated and a garnish is for other food, such as a quiche with salad garnish.

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Marvellous advice! I can’t thank you enough, Liz. God bless you and bless your work.

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Thanks Liz for the useful tips

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Mam… Is there conclusion in solution type essay also..?

All writing task 2 have a conclusion.

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To recapitulate,there are enormous causes behind the emergence of (p) it affect whole society in many ways but this prediction can easily tackled with the joint efforts of govt and individual

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Hlo liz,can i use my own ideas in writing task 1 apart from the given data (for example,thefts are may be increased due to the carelessness of the police).When you have information only regarding the number of thefts in task 1 you donot told about the reason for the thefts.

You NEVER offer opinions in writing task 1. You report the data and nothing more. Your score will be reduced if you include your own thoughts.

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Hi Liz, Can you please tell me that how can I check whether my essay is correct or not while practicing??

You can read more about the band score requirements: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2-band-scores-5-to-8/ . Or you can get my advanced writing task2 lessons so you can see if you are using the right techniques: https://elizabethferguson.podia.com/

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can I use ” in essence ” to start conclusion?

No. It is not appropriate for an IELTS essay.

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Mrs Liz ,that was a valuable suggestion.I request you to kindly guide us how to solve Multiple choice question of listening and reading task

See my main listening page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-listening/

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Hi mam… I have confusion that writing task 2 will same or different in GT and Academic exam ??

Writing task 2 is essentially the same for GT and academic students. The essay content is the same. Techniques are the same. The only small difference is that GT essay questions are often easier. So, all my lessons and tips in writing task 2 are for both GT and Academic students.

Thnkyou for solving my confusion

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Thx, Liz that you solved my problem which was related to Writing task 2 specially “conclusion” , and i wrote “Finally ” word in conclusion part of WT-2 in my last IETLS exam and due to shorted my score too.

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Please, Is writing task 1 contains conclusion also.

Go to this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/ and you will see a link about overviews and conclusions for task 1. You will also find model answers for task 1.

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Thank you liz

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Good afternoon Liz

My question is about expressions and linking words/phrases . Recently, i use X’s books for Writing task 1 and 2 . In this book there are a lot of words in expressions. For instance 1) In conclusion i write : Taking everything into account , i therefore conclude that …., 2) in bodyparagraph i write on the other hand many people oppose this viewpoint and suggest that …. . Generally , we write about 100 words only expressions and linking words in Task 2 . My question is : Is it right to give a lot of trained words in task 2 or we must give brief expressions ? What do IELTS estimate much more own opinion or phrases ?

The examiner will not accept learning language or expressions. If you do this, you will get a lower score. Yes, you can learn linking words: On the one hand,” or “therefore”. But you can’t use learned language “many people oppose this viewpoint and …”. The examiner is trained to put a line through learned language and not mark those words. Be very careful of any teacher who teaches this. You can find linking words on this page: https://ieltsliz.com/linking-words-for-writing/ but avoid learned language, see this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-tips-sentences-to-avoid/ . You can’t cheat IELTS. You can’t prepare and memorise half your essay before you enter the room – don’t do it!! This is an English language test and memorising sentences is a form of cheating which will lower your score.

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Dear Liz, Thank you very much for your help. I have emailed you requesting support, but I haven’t get your feedback. My email is [email protected] . I am from Burundi and my previous score at IELTS was 5.5/9. (speaking 6, writing 6, listening 5, reading 4.5). in my email I was asking your assistance and how it could cost as I plan to pass it again in two or three months. Please let me know what I can do. I am looking for scholarship, and english proficiency is one of the mail criteria to meet first. Looking forward to hearing from you. yours faithfully, Jean-Marie

Sorry I didn’t see your email. I don’t offer private lessons in IELTS. However, I do recommend my advanced writing task 2 lessons which explain in great detail the right techniques to use: https://elizabethferguson.podia.com/ . If you are getting band 5 in speaking, you need to learn to extend your answers and go off topic (add information you want). Your part 2 talk is about expanding and adding extra information that isn’t asked for. Also prepare all common topics and recent topics: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/ and http://www.ieltsliz.com/recent-ielts-questions-and-topics .

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could i use i, me, my in conclusion ?

You use “I” or “MY” if you are writing an opinion essay or any essay which asks for your opinion.

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Hi LIZ, I am stuck in IELTS reading module in GT, I am unable to follow how to answer questions in IELTS reading because recently my IELTS score is shocking.. Although i prepared for 5 day and sit in exam without realizing that reading is tough without proper preparation and guidance. My score was L=8, R=5.5, W=7.5, S=8… Before getting my result, it got late with British Council for 1 month. I am unable to follow how to do reading in IELTS :.( and because of this issue I am unable to pursue my dream.. as i require Minimum R=7… I cannot find any of your videos for reading question guidance except for TFNG or YNNG.. If you give any classes or can guide me how to complete reading. I shall be really grateful to you. Kindly guide LIZ, Thanking you in anticipation

Sorry but I don’t have more lessons at the moment. Hopefully later this year.

Its ok!!! Np… Now I have to work hard my self…. But i won’t lose hope but thanks for all the wonderful stuff here…

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I can start my essy introduction like this way?

In this essy i am disguss about…

Please watch this lesson about writing an introduction: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2-how-to-write-an-introduction/ and then see all tips on this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2/

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New IELTS Speaking questions from India – July 2024

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IELTS Speaking Latest Questions India July 2024

Many thanks to the lovely K.B. for sharing these recent IELTS Speaking test questions:

Speaking test

Part 1 (Interview)

– What is your name? – Where do you live? – Do you work or study? – What do you want to do in the future? – What school did you go to? – Is it a good place to study? – Is your hometown a good place for young people? – Let’s talk about languages. – What languages have you learnt at school? – Is it important for children to learn other languages? Why? – Would you like to learn a new language? Why / why not?

essay conclusion ielts

Part 2 (Cue Card)

Describe a photograph or a painting that you like. You should say

– what it depicts – who took / painted it – how it makes you feel

and explain why you like this photograph or paining.

Part 3 (Discussion)

– Let’s talk about painting and drawing. – Is it important for children to learn how to paint or draw? – What kind of skills do children learn from painting? – Some schools don’t teach painting, why is that? – What kind of photographs do people hang on their walls? Why? – Some people like their walls empty. Why is that?

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  • New IELTS Speaking questions from India and Iraq – May 2024 Two of our students got very similar questions in the...
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Absolutely important

These latest questions help you stay on top of the latest topics and prepare really well for your exam. Keep up the good work!

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IELTS General Writing Task 1: Letter samples, phrases and tips.

Home  »  IELTS General Task 1 » IELTS General Writing Task 1: Letter samples, phrases and tips.

The  general writing task 1 exam evaluates the test taker’s writing skills in responding to a complaint, requesting information or explaining a certain situation in a letter.

You should spend no more than 20 minutes on this section and you should write at least 150 words. IELTS Task 1 forms 33% of your total writing mark.

IELTS training writing task 1

IELTS general writing task 1 sample letters to make a complaint

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Sample letters to advise

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General task 1 informal letter samples

Task 1 sample letter to inform

Latest 2018- March 2020 general task 1 questions

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IELTS Letter Writing General Task 1 – training and overview

Letter writing in English consists of standard phrases and structures, most of which are outlined below in this tutorial.

Also, you can use the question as a ready-made plan to follow for your writing, you can write a few sentences for each bullet point in the question, and you have a well-structured answer covering the task response requirement.

Below we have a large list of questions, IELTS letter samples and phrases to help you with your online IELTS preparation . For more help with IELTS writing, take a look at our range of  writing tasks .

IELTS Writing General Task 1: Sample letters to make a complaint

  • Example Letter: A formal complaint You have eaten at a restaurant and it was such a terrible experience that you have decided to inform the manager by letter of what happened and that you want your money back. Things to include: – Facts. You need to be concise but explain what happened. – Polite. No one responds to insults. – Outline what you wish from this. What do you want to happen? – Firmness. You want to be taken seriously.
  • Example Letter: Your next-door neighbour owns a small dog that barks throughout the day and the night. Write a letter to your neighbour requesting that something be done about the dog. Include in your letter: – Your reason for writing – What you would like to happen – A nice, respectful style
  • Example Letter: You ordered an item from an online store and it has arrived damaged. Write a letter to the retailer to complain. In the letter: – Explain why you are unhappy – Request a refund – Make arrangements to return the damaged item
  • Example Letter: Your internet connection has been slow and intermittent. Write a letter to your internet service provider to complain. In the letter: – Describe the problem and why you are unhappy – Arrange for an engineer to visit your home – Request a reduction in your bill
  • A reporter complained about a new TV program that you like. Write a letter to the newspaper editor. – Describe your point of view. – Say what you like about the show and why. – Ask the newspaper to take some action.

Useful general Task 1 Phrases to make a complaint

I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with  I am writing to express my annoyance with
I am very much unhappy with I must complain about
I feel something should be done about I am writing to you to complain

IELTS Letter samples for Task 1: to make an application

  • IELTS writing sample: A job application Cover letter You are applying for a job. As well as attaching a CV, you need to write a cover letter explaining your reasons for choosing this particular job at this particular company, and why you would be a good hire. Things to include are: – Possible qualifications or reasons for you to be hired – Your energy and enthusiasm for the job – Your past experience in a similar position.
  • IELTS writing sample: The school library is seeking applicants for a job over summer break. Write a letter to the library’s manager, in your letter include: – A brief introduction of yourself – Your experience and relevant skills – Why you want the job
  • You would like to join the local orchestra Write a letter of application to the orchestra. In the letter: – Introduce yourself and your instrument of choice – Explain how your credentials make you a good candidate – Express your enthusiasm for music
  • IELTS writing sample: Your children go to a local school that requires volunteers to accompany school science trips. Write a letter to the school to apply to be a volunteer. In the letter: – Introduce yourself and give details of your children who attend the school – Explain why you are interested in the position – Talk about any relevant experience that you have with children

IELTS Task 1 formal vocabulary to make an application

If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me… I am available between the hours of 2pm and 4pm Monday – Thursday.
 I am writing to apply for the position of… My responsibilities included….
My most recent job was… I believe I have all the relevant experience required…

IELTS General Letter Writing Samples: How to write an invitation

General writing task 1 sample: Your friends recently moved to a new city. You will also be moving to the same city. Write a letter to your friends and include: – Ask where to find a place to live – Tell them what type of place you’re looking for – Share some fun things you would like to do when you get there

IELTS general writing task 1 sample: You will be graduating from university and would like to invite your family to the ceremony. Write a letter of invitation to your parents. In the letter: – Explain that you have completed your studies – Give details of the event, including time, date and dress code – Let them know how many tickets they have and who they are for

IELTS general writing task 1 sample: You have won a holiday to Hawaii with one extra ticket. Write a letter to someone to invite them along with you. In the letter: – Explain what has happened and that you would like them to come – Give details of when the trip will take place – Inform the person of the things they will need for the trip

IELTS Writing Task 1 Vocabulary to invite or reply to an invite

I am writing you in response to your invitation With the reference of your proposal
Please do let me know if you can make it Thank you for your kind invite however, unfortunately
I am writing to reply to your kind invitation regarding the Do let me know if you can make it
It would be delightful to have you here Please RSVP as soon as possible

IELTS General Letter Writing Samples: Answers to advise

  • Writing task 1 sample letter: Write a letter to your favourite restaurant. Include the following: · Your reason for writing · What you like about the restaurant · Suggestions for improvement
  • Writing task 1 sample letter : Write a letter to the newspaper editor about an experience you had at a restaurant. The experience can be good or bad. Describe your experience in detail and state whether or not you recommend others to visit the restaurant.
  • Writing task 1 sample letter : A friend is considering buying a house nearby, but you have decided to leave the area due to a rise in crime. Write a letter to your friend advising them not to move into the neighbourhood. In your letter: – Recommend that your friend not go ahead with the purchase – Give the reasons behind your decision to leave – Suggest possible alternative areas that you know

IELTS Writing Task 1 Vocabulary to advise

I am happy to advise you that I strongly advise you to/not to
It would/might be a good idea to The best thing for you to do is
I honestly believe it would be better to Please do consider my advice because
In my honest opinion, I would I would strongly suggest you consider

IELTS sample letters / answers to apologise

  • Writing task 1 sample letter to apologise: IELTS sample: A formal apology and explanation You have received a letter from your university of Albion demanding a reason for your absence from an exam. You were ill that day but failed to submit the evidence. Write a letter to the Examinations Committee explaining your situation. You should include: – Apologies for the situation – Identification for yourself (Name, student number, case number) – An explanation of what had happened and any possible evidence you may have – Possible resolutions to consider.
  • Writing task 1 sample  Letter to apologise: You agreed to take a particular job over the summer, but due to unforeseen circumstances, you can no longer take the position. Write a letter including: – Explaining your situation – An apology – Express that you would be interested in the position next summer
  • Writing task 1 sample letter to apologise: You recently applied for two separate jobs. Both have chosen to hire you, but you must write a letter to one of them explaining why you are unable to take the position. Include in your letter: – An apology – An explanation of your situation
  • Writing task 1 sample letter to apologise: You have not seen a close friend for a very long time. You also still have a few of your friend’s belongings that were left at your house the last time she visited. In your letter include: – Why you are writing – What you’ve been doing since you last spoke together – Apologize for still having the items and ask how you can return them

General letter writing task 1 GT vocabulary to apologise

I regret to inform you I am writing to apologise
It is with my deepest regret that I would like to apologise
I sincerely apologise for  I do apologise for any inconvenience caused
I hope that this does not cause you any problems I would strongly suggest you consider

Writing task 1 sample letters: answers to make a request

  • IELTS writing task 1 sample: A new neighbour has moved in next door and has taken your main rubbish bin. Write a letter to your new neighbour requesting that they return the item. In the letter: – Explain that new bins must be sourced from the local council – Request that the person returns your bin immediately – Inform the person of what further actions you will take should they not return your bin
  • IELTS writing task 1 sample: You would like to work in a different city to be closer to your family. Write a letter to your employer to request a transfer to another office. In the letter: – Explain why you would like to move – Request that your employer place you in a specific city – Request that it be completed by a certain date
  • IELTS writing task 1 sample:: You live near a record shop that sells music, movies, and books. Write a letter to the shop asking if they have a few different items =you are looking for. – Ask what the prices are and if they can be orders – Ask when they would arrive and if you can have them held in advance.
  • IELTS writing task 1 sample: You recently used a taxi and left some important documents there. Write a letter to the taxi manager and say: – Describe what you left and where it happened. – Why are these papers important? – What would you like the manager to do about it?

IELTS General Writing Task 1 Vocabulary to make a request

Could you please / possibly Please would you consider
Would it be possible to Would you be kind enough to
Is there any way you could … ? I would strongly suggest you consider
(informal) Can you ..? (informal) Will you ..?

General task 1 informal letter samples and answers

  • IELTS informal letter sample : Your sibling has sent you a letter asking for an update on your life. Write a letter to your sibling. In your letter: – Describe what you did for your last birthday – Ask for photos of your sibling’s last holiday – Talk about something you are looking forward to
  • IELTS informal letter sample: Your best friend is moving back to your city after being o verseas for five years. Write a letter to convince your friend to move in with you. In the letter: – Explain how much you have missed your friend – Describe how you feel about your friend’s return – Give reasons that you and your friend should share a home
  • IELTS informal letter sample: Write a letter to a pen pal. This can be your first letter or a letter you’re writing after knowing your pen pal for a long time. Include details you would normally include when writing to a pen pal in this situation.

IELTS General Writing Task 1 Vocabulary for informal letters

Hello / Hi name / Hi there I was wondering if you could help me.
I’m sorry to tell you that I should let you know that
I hope you’re well It’s been ages since I’ve heard from you
Lots of love Thanks very much

General Writing Task 1 sample answer to inform

A letter to inform is used whenever the sender (you) would like to inform the receiver of some information. The information you wish to convey could be related to just about anything. Below is a list of topics or concepts your letter may cover:

  • Inform about a death/ engagement/ wedding/ special life event
  • Inform about an acceptance or rejection of application
  • Inform about the receipt of a document or package
  • Inform about a current event

The purpose of an “inform” letter is to make sure that whatever important news the receiver has to get is clear and articulate. You want to ensure that your letter has a structure. This would include your introduction, your body and ultimately your conclusion.

The introduction- here you want to set up the conversation of the letter. This can include a greeting, an enquiry about how the receiver is doing and then depending on how well you know the receiver a brief introduction of who you are.

Example: Letter to inform about an upcoming wedding

Sample introduction:

This is Jill, we met at the art exhibition last year. I hope this email finds you well.

The body – Once the introduction is complete you need to write the reason for your “inform letter”.

Sample Body:

Jack and I engaged! I would love it so very much if you could make it to our wedding. You played a  huge role in us getting together and it only makes sense that you are part of the big day.

The conclusion – this section is where you close your letter. You can make any final requests or list any final requirements

Sample conclusion:

By the way , I lost all my contacts as my phone was stolen. This is my new number 123 456 789. I look forward to hearing back from you.

Your friend, Jill

For more help with your IELTS preparation , take a look at our tutorials:

  • How to Plan and Write IELTS Task 1 Informal Letters In 20 Minutes
  • IELTS Sample Letters – Band 9
  • IELTS task 2
  • IELTS academic task 1
  • IELTS general task 1 recent questions
  • IELTS sample general task 1 letter
  • Take a look a the most recent IELTS general task 1 questions
  • All you need to know about the IELTS writing exam

Another component for your IELTS writing success is lexical resource, here is an in-depth tutorial  to help you boost your essays.

To contact Ben and the team you can send an email after signing up .

Take a look at our free IELTS sample task 1 GT letters ebook(PDF)

Frequently asked questions (faqs), how can i practice ielts letter writing.

First, look at examples. Then make a list of different types of letters (informal and formal) with appropriate vocabulary for each one. Try to memorize fixed expressions such as, I would really appreciate your help with this.

Is there letter writing in IELTS academic?

No, letter writing (often an email) is only in the IELTS General exam so no need to practice that if you are doing IELTS Academic. In IELTS General, it takes the place of the diagram, map or process in task 1.

What is a formal letter in IELTS?

This is a letter in which you might make a complaint or write an application (for a job or college place). You could also be giving advice, making a request or apologizing for something.

How can I get an 8 in IELTS writing general?

You’ll need to make sure your letter and essay answers are formal, fully address the task and contain hardly any grammar or word choice errors. There’s more information about getting band 8 here.

How do you write a general writing Task 1?

Make sure you practice different letter types – informal and formal and be clear about the purpose of your letter (an apology, responding to an invitation, asking for information). Use the correct phrases and set your letter out following a model.

How do I get my IELTS writing checked online?

If you are serious about improving,  IELTS writing essay correction  can give you feedback on your essays in 24h, getting your work corrected will help you identify errors (grammatical range and accuracy) and improve much faster. Raza jumped from 6.5 to 7.5 using this exact course

How long will this online course take?

If you have your IELTS test coming up soon, you can get complete everything, including the 9 essay corrections (both Task 1 & Task 2) included, within 10 days. However, we advise most students to allow a month so that they can properly review their IELTS essay corrections so as to get the most from them.

What is the success rate of the IELTS online course?

We have helped lots of students from around the world achieve their desired IELTS scores. Read our success stories here .

Your IELTS success story starts with the right tools, online converter helps to convert documents into various form. Try now!

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  1. IELTS Writing Essays

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  2. IELTS Writing Task 2: How to Write a Clear and Simple Conclusion

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  3. How to Write a Great IELTS Conclusion

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  4. How to Write a Great IELTS Conclusion

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  5. Outstanding How To Write A Good Conclusion In Ielts Monthly Report Your

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  6. How to Write Effective IELTS Conclusions

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  1. IELTS Writing Task 2: How to write a good conclusion

    Tip 1: Refer back to your introductory paragraph. You may want to think of your introduction and conclusion as two pieces of the same puzzle because they should be closely linked. Make sure you: Return to the idea (s) that you presented in your introduction. And add further insight obtained after writing the body of your essay.

  2. Writing an IELTS Essay Conclusion

    Sample IELTS essay conclusion: In order to write the first sentence of the IELTS essay conclusion, you can paraphrase your thesis statement - remember to use a phrase to make it clear it is a conclusion. To conclude, it is clear that blood sports must be prohibited as no civilized society should allow the pain and suffering of animals simply ...

  3. How to Write a Strong Conclusion for IELTS Essays

    The IELTS essay conclusion is your final chance to impress the examiner and secure a high band score. A well-crafted conclusion can elevate an average essay to a great one. This article will guide you through writing effective conclusions for both IELTS Writing Task 1 and Task 2, providing clear explanations, practical examples, and tips to ...

  4. Writing The Conclusion To Your Essay: Tips, Examples and Problems

    The conclusion, or concluding paragraph, is not simply the last paragraph of your essay. A good conclusion should do 2 things: remind your reader of your answer(s) to the essay question(s) refer to the main reasons for your answer(s) For most IELTS essay questions, you can do this in just one or two sentences. Having a conclusion is really ...

  5. How to write an IELTS essay conclusion

    Possible conclusion №1. "It is necessary to spread ideas, language as well as culture. It will also start to be more tolerated in the future as it becomes more common. In the future, I sincerely hope, the governments will take effective measures to improve the progress of globalization".

  6. How to write a good conclusion in IELTS writing task 2.

    1. Do not add new information to the conclusion. Any new ideas or main points should be covered in the main body paragraphs. 2. You can re-paraphrase the thesis statement from the introduction. This will show that you have a good understanding of vocabulary and it will leave a good impression on the examiner.

  7. How to Write a Perfect Conclusion in IELTS Essay

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  8. How to Write an Effective IELTS Conclusion

    The IELTS Conclusion. To summarize, your essay's conclusion should recap the rest of your essay. It should include a concluding phrase, a reminder of your thesis statement, a few words on why your essay is important, and can also include a summary of your argument. By writing a good conclusion on Task 2 of the Writing section, you can earn a ...

  9. How to Write a Great IELTS Conclusion

    Writing a conclusion for IELTS. Every IELTS task 2 essay needs a conclusion. This should simply sum up the main idea of the essay and very briefly restate the main arguments. It can be as short as one sentence, although it may be better to write two or three. Writing a good conclusion can seem a little difficult, and it is hard to teach because ...

  10. How to Write Effective IELTS Conclusions

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  11. IELTS Sample Essays

    IELTS Sample Essays. Here you will find IELTS Sample Essays for a variety of common topics that appear in the writing exam.. The model answers all have tips and strategies for how you may approach the question and comments on the sample answer.. You can also view sample essays with band scores on this page.. Looking at IELTS essay topics with answers is a great way to help you to prepare for ...

  12. How To Write A Conclusion

    In the final paragraph of your essay, you write the conclusion giving a summary of your main points and depending on the type of essay question you have you can add one of the following: Cause/Effect Essay Conclusion. Summary of the main points. What you think is most important about this topic / give a recommendation.

  13. IELTS Writing Task 2

    A conclusion is a summary of the content of your essay. It should show the examiner that you are bringing everything to a close. Always begin with "To conclude," or "In conclusion,". Restate your position (for opinion questions) from the introduction. Don't copy your position word for word. Use synonyms and paraphrase.

  14. 100 Band 7, 8 + 9 IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Samples

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  15. 35 Sample Band 9 IELTS Essays

    35 Sample Band 9 IELTS Essays. Take a look at these 35 sample Band 9 IELTS essays for writing task 2 of the IELTS exam. Task 2 can cover a wide range of essay topics for the IELTS writing task section of the test, so preparation is key. Use the following samples when preparing your IELTS essays to see how close you are to a band 9!

  16. How to Write Effective Conclusions IELTS Writing Task 2

    This post will help you write effective conclusions for IELTS writing task 2 essay questions. It is suitable for both General Training and Academic candidates. The conclusion is the easiest paragraph to write because in many ways you are just using ideas you have already mentioned in your introduction and main body paragraphs. However, this is the last thing the […]

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    Essay Structure: Introduction: Paraphrase the Question and state your opinion, outlining the main ideas. Main Body Paragraph 1: Begin with a topic sentence, explain this topic sentence, and provide an example. Main Body Paragraph 2: Follow the same format as the previous paragraph. Conclusion: Recap the main points and reiterate your opinion.

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  20. Writing IELTS Introductions and Conclusions

    IELTS essay conclusions should never include new ideas. Any new ideas you want to write should be incorporated into the body paragraphs. Below is the sample IELTS writing task 2 prompt seen previously. Communication through text messaging and other forms of instant online communication are short and basic. Some people think this will be the ...

  21. IELTS Writing Task 2: How to write a good conclusion

    The conclusion is an important part of your IELTS Writing Task 2 response. A good conclusion is not just a summary of information presented in your essay, but also helps emphasise the importance of the main points or opinions in your essay and gives the reader a sense of closure. When writing a conclusion (closing paragraph) in Writing Task 2 ...

  22. 100 IELTS Essay Questions

    100 IELTS Essay Questions. Below are practice IELTS essay questions and topics for writing task 2. The 100 essay questions have been used many times over the years. The questions are organised under common topics and essay types. IELTS often use the similar topics for their essays but change the wording of the essay question.

  23. Is a Conclusion Important in IELTS Writing Task 2?

    There are four marking criteria for writing task 2: Your conclusion falls under the criterion of Task Response. You are given a band score for each criterion and then a total band score for writing task 2. If you fail to have a conclusion, you will get under band score 6 in Task Response, which is 25% of your marks. Paragraphs in Writing Task 2.

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    IELTS Writing Task 2 samples - IELTS Band 9 essays. Essays Band 8. IELTS Writing - samples of IELTS essays of Band 8. Essays Band 7. IELTS Writing - samples of IELTS essays of Band 7. ... Many thanks to the lovely K.B. for sharing these recent IELTS Speaking test questions: Speaking test. Part 1 (Interview) - What is your name ...

  25. IELTS General Task 1 Sample Questions and Essays

    IELTS Letter Writing General Task 1 - training and overview. Letter writing in English consists of standard phrases and structures, most of which are outlined below in this tutorial.. Also, you can use the question as a ready-made plan to follow for your writing, you can write a few sentences for each bullet point in the question, and you have a well-structured answer covering the task ...