How Important Is Technology in Education? Benefits, Challenges, and Impact on Students

A group of students use their electronics while sitting at their desks.

Many of today’s high-demand jobs were created in the last decade, according to the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). As advances in technology drive globalization and digital transformation, teachers can help students acquire the necessary skills to succeed in the careers of the future.

How important is technology in education? The COVID-19 pandemic is quickly demonstrating why online education should be a vital part of teaching and learning. By integrating technology into existing curricula, as opposed to using it solely as a crisis-management tool, teachers can harness online learning as a powerful educational tool.

The effective use of digital learning tools in classrooms can increase student engagement, help teachers improve their lesson plans, and facilitate personalized learning. It also helps students build essential 21st-century skills.

Virtual classrooms, video, augmented reality (AR), robots, and other technology tools can not only make class more lively, they can also create more inclusive learning environments that foster collaboration and inquisitiveness and enable teachers to collect data on student performance.

Still, it’s important to note that technology is a tool used in education and not an end in itself. The promise of educational technology lies in what educators do with it and how it is used to best support their students’ needs.

Educational Technology Challenges

BuiltIn reports that 92 percent of teachers understand the impact of technology in education. According to Project Tomorrow, 59 percent of middle school students say digital educational tools have helped them with their grades and test scores. These tools have become so popular that the educational technology market is projected to expand to $342 billion by 2025, according to the World Economic Forum.

However, educational technology has its challenges, particularly when it comes to implementation and use. For example, despite growing interest in the use of AR, artificial intelligence, and other emerging technology, less than 10 percent of schools report having these tools in their classrooms, according to Project Tomorrow. Additional concerns include excessive screen time, the effectiveness of teachers using the technology, and worries about technology equity.

Prominently rising from the COVID-19 crisis is the issue of content. Educators need to be able to develop and weigh in on online educational content, especially to encourage students to consider a topic from different perspectives. The urgent actions taken during this crisis did not provide sufficient time for this. Access is an added concern — for example, not every school district has resources to provide students with a laptop, and internet connectivity can be unreliable in homes.

Additionally, while some students thrive in online education settings, others lag for various factors, including support resources. For example, a student who already struggled in face-to-face environments may struggle even more in the current situation. These students may have relied on resources that they no longer have in their homes.

Still, most students typically demonstrate confidence in using online education when they have the resources, as studies have suggested. However, online education may pose challenges for teachers, especially in places where it has not been the norm.

Despite the challenges and concerns, it’s important to note the benefits of technology in education, including increased collaboration and communication, improved quality of education, and engaging lessons that help spark imagination and a search for knowledge in students.

The Benefits of Technology in Education

Teachers want to improve student performance, and technology can help them accomplish this aim. To mitigate the challenges, administrators should help teachers gain the competencies needed to enhance learning for students through technology. Additionally, technology in the classroom should make teachers’ jobs easier without adding extra time to their day.

Technology provides students with easy-to-access information, accelerated learning, and fun opportunities to practice what they learn. It enables students to explore new subjects and deepen their understanding of difficult concepts, particularly in STEM. Through the use of technology inside and outside the classroom, students can gain 21st-century technical skills necessary for future occupations.

Still, children learn more effectively with direction. The World Economic Forum reports that while technology can help young students learn and acquire knowledge through play, for example, evidence suggests that learning is more effective through guidance from an adult, such as a teacher.

Leaders and administrators should take stock of where their faculty are in terms of their understanding of online spaces. From lessons learned during this disruptive time, they can implement solutions now for the future. For example, administrators could give teachers a week or two to think carefully about how to teach courses not previously online. In addition to an exploration of solutions, flexibility during these trying times is of paramount importance.

Below are examples of how important technology is in education and the benefits it offers to students and teachers.

Increased Collaboration and Communication

Educational technology can foster collaboration. Not only can teachers engage with students during lessons, but students can also communicate with each other. Through online lessons and learning games, students get to work together to solve problems. In collaborative activities, students can share their thoughts and ideas and support each other. At the same time, technology enables one-on-one interaction with teachers. Students can ask classroom-related questions and seek additional help on difficult-to-understand subject matter. At home, students can upload their homework, and teachers can access and view completed assignments using their laptops.

Personalized Learning Opportunities

Technology allows 24/7 access to educational resources. Classes can take place entirely online via the use of a laptop or mobile device. Hybrid versions of learning combine the use of technology from anywhere with regular in-person classroom sessions. In both scenarios, the use of technology to tailor learning plans for each student is possible. Teachers can create lessons based on student interests and strengths. An added benefit is that students can learn at their own pace. When they need to review class material to get a better understanding of essential concepts, students can review videos in the lesson plan. The data generated through these online activities enable teachers to see which students struggled with certain subjects and offer additional assistance and support.

Curiosity Driven by Engaging Content

Through engaging and educational content, teachers can spark inquisitiveness in children and boost their curiosity, which research says has ties to academic success. Curiosity helps students get a better understanding of math and reading concepts. Creating engaging content can involve the use of AR, videos, or podcasts. For example, when submitting assignments, students can include videos or interact with students from across the globe.

Improved Teacher Productivity and Efficiency

Teachers can leverage technology to achieve new levels of productivity, implement useful digital tools to expand learning opportunities for students, and increase student support and engagement. It also enables teachers to improve their instruction methods and personalize learning. Schools can benefit from technology by reducing the costs of physical instructional materials, enhancing educational program efficiency, and making the best use of teacher time.

Become a Leader in Enriching Classrooms through Technology

Educators unfamiliar with some of the technology used in education may not have been exposed to the tools as they prepared for their careers or as part of their professional development. Teachers looking to make the transition and acquire the skills to incorporate technology in education can take advantage of learning opportunities to advance their competencies. For individuals looking to help transform the education system through technology, American University’s School of Education online offers a Master of Arts in Teaching and a Master of Arts in Education Policy and Leadership to prepare educators with essential tools to become leaders. Courses such as Education Program and Policy Implementation and Teaching Science in Elementary School equip graduate students with critical competencies to incorporate technology into educational settings effectively.

Learn more about American University’s School of Education online and its master’s degree programs.

Virtual Reality in Education: Benefits, Tools, and Resources

Data-Driven Decision Making in Education: 11 Tips for Teachers & Administration

Helping Girls Succeed in STEM

BuiltIn, “Edtech 101”

EdTech, “Teaching Teachers to Put Tech Tools to Work”

International Society for Technology in Education, “Preparing Students for Jobs That Don’t Exist”

The Journal, “How Teachers Use Technology to Enrich Learning Experiences”

Pediatric Research, “Early Childhood Curiosity and Kindergarten Reading and Math Academic Achievement”

Project Tomorrow, “Digital Learning: Peril or Promise for Our K-12 Students”

World Economic Forum, “The Future of Jobs Report 2018”

World Economic Forum, “Learning through Play: How Schools Can Educate Students through Technology”

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Technology In Education Essay

Essay On Technology In Education- Technology makes education very easy. Technology is now very essential to maintaining society, and it will definitely have an impact on education. In today's life, technology has made study easier. Here are 100, 200 and 500 word essays on Technology In Education

Technology plays a huge part in education. The students' learning process gets simpler as technology advances. Students can easily learn the concepts thanks to technologies utilised in schools and universities, such as computer labs and high-end equipment and instruments. In today's life, technology has made study easier. Here are some sample essays on Technology In Education

Technology In Education Essay

100 Words Essay On Technology In Education

Technology makes education very easy. Technology is now essential to maintaining society, and it will definitely have an impact on education. Previously teachers didn't allow students to use technology in education. Today's everything is connected to technology including education,communication, etc. Although technology has been a part of our lives for many years, the development and use of technology in education have only lately started to take shape. One of the most crucial things we have now that can help students perform better academically is technology. As technology advances, it creates new opportunities for students to interact and learn through a variety of sources. Online classes are the best example of technology.

200 Words Essay On Technology In Education

The word "technology" is derived from the Greek word "tekhnologia," where "tekh" signifies an art, a skill, etc., and "logy" defines a subject of interest. Technology makes our tasks easy and makes life easy. Today, technology plays a significant role in our lives and offers a digital platform. The term "smart classes" is being used increasingly in schools and colleges, and these classes are the best use of technology.

Technology And Education

Technology made education easy and attractive. Students study because of technology with their mobile phones and laptops.

By using technology, online classes have started, and students love doing smart classes.

Technology keeps students updated on the world and shows the right direction to do good in education.

Through technology, students can read newspapers daily wise. Technology made education easy and attractive.

From technology, schools make their app and take attendance online, which helps the environment also by not using paper and pen.

Technology attracts children more, which helps them to choose their path.

Education should not be done with only books; students should get a chance to explore their knowledge and try something new. Technology is the best thing to explore. By using technology, students' knowledge will grow faster than before.

500 Words Essay On Technology In Education

Technology has become an integral part of education because of different apps and websites. Nowadays, if you want to clear your doubts or to know your syllabus, everything is available online. Nowadays, education is nothing without technology.

Is Technology Helpful In Education?

Yes, technology is helpful to education. Nowadays, you will see the difference in how technology has changed teaching. In older days, students read from their books, and if they faced any problem, they would ask their teachers the next day at school or for tuition.

But nowadays, students clear their doubts by using apps and websites. Due to technology, they can also ask a question or can have live interaction with their teachers personally. Education has progressed a lot.

Technology has made education easy, and today we have multiple options to clear our doubts and interact online with our teachers. Nowadays, we have easy access to the internet, and other helping apps have made education accessible and exciting.

Technology is essential for students. Parents and teachers should permit their children to use technology for their students because time has changed, and the mode of education should also be changed. Students should be given a chance to learn something new and exciting and technology makes it possible.

Different Technologies for Education

Many devices make education easier for students and clear students' doubts. Some of them are-

Laptops | One of the best tools for learning is a laptop. You can obtain information on the Internet either in written form, video form, or audio form. On several applications and websites, you can find tutors who can give you a thorough explanation. Students can acquire extensive information and have their questions answered thanks to it. You may effortlessly visit several educational portals using a laptop.

Smartphone | Smartphones are smaller versions of laptops; you can use them more easily than laptops and take them with you wherever you go. It is user-friendly due to its compact size and simple internet connection. Students can speak with their teacher about questions using a smartphone. Many students have smartphones, which they use for academic purposes. Numerous apps were available for students on mobile devices.

Kindle for Textbooks | Kindle Textbooks are a type of online book. Kindle books are available at half the price of paper books. This helps to reduce the production of paper, which allows our environment and online books to be easily stored. Kindle Textbooks are popular these days. Many students use them.

My Experience

From the 12th standard, I used a smartphone and laptop for education. Technology makes study easier. When I didn't understand something from school, I used to look for those online and try to clear all my doubts by watching topic specific videos. In my school days, I learned different crafts and drawing skills by watching videos online. I used to take help from online videos to understand many science experiments and easy tricks to solve various mathematical questions. Technology in education is perfect for the future because the use of technology in education will bring a drastic change in our education system.

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REALIZING THE PROMISE:

Leading up to the 75th anniversary of the UN General Assembly, this “Realizing the promise: How can education technology improve learning for all?” publication kicks off the Center for Universal Education’s first playbook in a series to help improve education around the world.

It is intended as an evidence-based tool for ministries of education, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, to adopt and more successfully invest in education technology.

While there is no single education initiative that will achieve the same results everywhere—as school systems differ in learners and educators, as well as in the availability and quality of materials and technologies—an important first step is understanding how technology is used given specific local contexts and needs.

The surveys in this playbook are designed to be adapted to collect this information from educators, learners, and school leaders and guide decisionmakers in expanding the use of technology.  

Introduction

While technology has disrupted most sectors of the economy and changed how we communicate, access information, work, and even play, its impact on schools, teaching, and learning has been much more limited. We believe that this limited impact is primarily due to technology being been used to replace analog tools, without much consideration given to playing to technology’s comparative advantages. These comparative advantages, relative to traditional “chalk-and-talk” classroom instruction, include helping to scale up standardized instruction, facilitate differentiated instruction, expand opportunities for practice, and increase student engagement. When schools use technology to enhance the work of educators and to improve the quality and quantity of educational content, learners will thrive.

Further, COVID-19 has laid bare that, in today’s environment where pandemics and the effects of climate change are likely to occur, schools cannot always provide in-person education—making the case for investing in education technology.

Here we argue for a simple yet surprisingly rare approach to education technology that seeks to:

  • Understand the needs, infrastructure, and capacity of a school system—the diagnosis;
  • Survey the best available evidence on interventions that match those conditions—the evidence; and
  • Closely monitor the results of innovations before they are scaled up—the prognosis.

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The framework.

Our approach builds on a simple yet intuitive theoretical framework created two decades ago by two of the most prominent education researchers in the United States, David K. Cohen and Deborah Loewenberg Ball. They argue that what matters most to improve learning is the interactions among educators and learners around educational materials. We believe that the failed school-improvement efforts in the U.S. that motivated Cohen and Ball’s framework resemble the ed-tech reforms in much of the developing world to date in the lack of clarity improving the interactions between educators, learners, and the educational material. We build on their framework by adding parents as key agents that mediate the relationships between learners and educators and the material (Figure 1).

Figure 1: The instructional core

Adapted from Cohen and Ball (1999)

As the figure above suggests, ed-tech interventions can affect the instructional core in a myriad of ways. Yet, just because technology can do something, it does not mean it should. School systems in developing countries differ along many dimensions and each system is likely to have different needs for ed-tech interventions, as well as different infrastructure and capacity to enact such interventions.

The diagnosis:

How can school systems assess their needs and preparedness.

A useful first step for any school system to determine whether it should invest in education technology is to diagnose its:

  • Specific needs to improve student learning (e.g., raising the average level of achievement, remediating gaps among low performers, and challenging high performers to develop higher-order skills);
  • Infrastructure to adopt technology-enabled solutions (e.g., electricity connection, availability of space and outlets, stock of computers, and Internet connectivity at school and at learners’ homes); and
  • Capacity to integrate technology in the instructional process (e.g., learners’ and educators’ level of familiarity and comfort with hardware and software, their beliefs about the level of usefulness of technology for learning purposes, and their current uses of such technology).

Before engaging in any new data collection exercise, school systems should take full advantage of existing administrative data that could shed light on these three main questions. This could be in the form of internal evaluations but also international learner assessments, such as the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), and/or the Progress in International Literacy Study (PIRLS), and the Teaching and Learning International Study (TALIS). But if school systems lack information on their preparedness for ed-tech reforms or if they seek to complement existing data with a richer set of indicators, we developed a set of surveys for learners, educators, and school leaders. Download the full report to see how we map out the main aspects covered by these surveys, in hopes of highlighting how they could be used to inform decisions around the adoption of ed-tech interventions.

The evidence:

How can school systems identify promising ed-tech interventions.

There is no single “ed-tech” initiative that will achieve the same results everywhere, simply because school systems differ in learners and educators, as well as in the availability and quality of materials and technologies. Instead, to realize the potential of education technology to accelerate student learning, decisionmakers should focus on four potential uses of technology that play to its comparative advantages and complement the work of educators to accelerate student learning (Figure 2). These comparative advantages include:

  • Scaling up quality instruction, such as through prerecorded quality lessons.
  • Facilitating differentiated instruction, through, for example, computer-adaptive learning and live one-on-one tutoring.
  • Expanding opportunities to practice.
  • Increasing learner engagement through videos and games.

Figure 2: Comparative advantages of technology

Here we review the evidence on ed-tech interventions from 37 studies in 20 countries*, organizing them by comparative advantage. It’s important to note that ours is not the only way to classify these interventions (e.g., video tutorials could be considered as a strategy to scale up instruction or increase learner engagement), but we believe it may be useful to highlight the needs that they could address and why technology is well positioned to do so.

When discussing specific studies, we report the magnitude of the effects of interventions using standard deviations (SDs). SDs are a widely used metric in research to express the effect of a program or policy with respect to a business-as-usual condition (e.g., test scores). There are several ways to make sense of them. One is to categorize the magnitude of the effects based on the results of impact evaluations. In developing countries, effects below 0.1 SDs are considered to be small, effects between 0.1 and 0.2 SDs are medium, and those above 0.2 SDs are large (for reviews that estimate the average effect of groups of interventions, called “meta analyses,” see e.g., Conn, 2017; Kremer, Brannen, & Glennerster, 2013; McEwan, 2014; Snilstveit et al., 2015; Evans & Yuan, 2020.)

*In surveying the evidence, we began by compiling studies from prior general and ed-tech specific evidence reviews that some of us have written and from ed-tech reviews conducted by others. Then, we tracked the studies cited by the ones we had previously read and reviewed those, as well. In identifying studies for inclusion, we focused on experimental and quasi-experimental evaluations of education technology interventions from pre-school to secondary school in low- and middle-income countries that were released between 2000 and 2020. We only included interventions that sought to improve student learning directly (i.e., students’ interaction with the material), as opposed to interventions that have impacted achievement indirectly, by reducing teacher absence or increasing parental engagement. This process yielded 37 studies in 20 countries (see the full list of studies in Appendix B).

Scaling up standardized instruction

One of the ways in which technology may improve the quality of education is through its capacity to deliver standardized quality content at scale. This feature of technology may be particularly useful in three types of settings: (a) those in “hard-to-staff” schools (i.e., schools that struggle to recruit educators with the requisite training and experience—typically, in rural and/or remote areas) (see, e.g., Urquiola & Vegas, 2005); (b) those in which many educators are frequently absent from school (e.g., Chaudhury, Hammer, Kremer, Muralidharan, & Rogers, 2006; Muralidharan, Das, Holla, & Mohpal, 2017); and/or (c) those in which educators have low levels of pedagogical and subject matter expertise (e.g., Bietenbeck, Piopiunik, & Wiederhold, 2018; Bold et al., 2017; Metzler & Woessmann, 2012; Santibañez, 2006) and do not have opportunities to observe and receive feedback (e.g., Bruns, Costa, & Cunha, 2018; Cilliers, Fleisch, Prinsloo, & Taylor, 2018). Technology could address this problem by: (a) disseminating lessons delivered by qualified educators to a large number of learners (e.g., through prerecorded or live lessons); (b) enabling distance education (e.g., for learners in remote areas and/or during periods of school closures); and (c) distributing hardware preloaded with educational materials.

Prerecorded lessons

Technology seems to be well placed to amplify the impact of effective educators by disseminating their lessons. Evidence on the impact of prerecorded lessons is encouraging, but not conclusive. Some initiatives that have used short instructional videos to complement regular instruction, in conjunction with other learning materials, have raised student learning on independent assessments. For example, Beg et al. (2020) evaluated an initiative in Punjab, Pakistan in which grade 8 classrooms received an intervention that included short videos to substitute live instruction, quizzes for learners to practice the material from every lesson, tablets for educators to learn the material and follow the lesson, and LED screens to project the videos onto a classroom screen. After six months, the intervention improved the performance of learners on independent tests of math and science by 0.19 and 0.24 SDs, respectively but had no discernible effect on the math and science section of Punjab’s high-stakes exams.

One study suggests that approaches that are far less technologically sophisticated can also improve learning outcomes—especially, if the business-as-usual instruction is of low quality. For example, Naslund-Hadley, Parker, and Hernandez-Agramonte (2014) evaluated a preschool math program in Cordillera, Paraguay that used audio segments and written materials four days per week for an hour per day during the school day. After five months, the intervention improved math scores by 0.16 SDs, narrowing gaps between low- and high-achieving learners, and between those with and without educators with formal training in early childhood education.

Yet, the integration of prerecorded material into regular instruction has not always been successful. For example, de Barros (2020) evaluated an intervention that combined instructional videos for math and science with infrastructure upgrades (e.g., two “smart” classrooms, two TVs, and two tablets), printed workbooks for students, and in-service training for educators of learners in grades 9 and 10 in Haryana, India (all materials were mapped onto the official curriculum). After 11 months, the intervention negatively impacted math achievement (by 0.08 SDs) and had no effect on science (with respect to business as usual classes). It reduced the share of lesson time that educators devoted to instruction and negatively impacted an index of instructional quality. Likewise, Seo (2017) evaluated several combinations of infrastructure (solar lights and TVs) and prerecorded videos (in English and/or bilingual) for grade 11 students in northern Tanzania and found that none of the variants improved student learning, even when the videos were used. The study reports effects from the infrastructure component across variants, but as others have noted (Muralidharan, Romero, & Wüthrich, 2019), this approach to estimating impact is problematic.

A very similar intervention delivered after school hours, however, had sizeable effects on learners’ basic skills. Chiplunkar, Dhar, and Nagesh (2020) evaluated an initiative in Chennai (the capital city of the state of Tamil Nadu, India) delivered by the same organization as above that combined short videos that explained key concepts in math and science with worksheets, facilitator-led instruction, small groups for peer-to-peer learning, and occasional career counseling and guidance for grade 9 students. These lessons took place after school for one hour, five times a week. After 10 months, it had large effects on learners’ achievement as measured by tests of basic skills in math and reading, but no effect on a standardized high-stakes test in grade 10 or socio-emotional skills (e.g., teamwork, decisionmaking, and communication).

Drawing general lessons from this body of research is challenging for at least two reasons. First, all of the studies above have evaluated the impact of prerecorded lessons combined with several other components (e.g., hardware, print materials, or other activities). Therefore, it is possible that the effects found are due to these additional components, rather than to the recordings themselves, or to the interaction between the two (see Muralidharan, 2017 for a discussion of the challenges of interpreting “bundled” interventions). Second, while these studies evaluate some type of prerecorded lessons, none examines the content of such lessons. Thus, it seems entirely plausible that the direction and magnitude of the effects depends largely on the quality of the recordings (e.g., the expertise of the educator recording it, the amount of preparation that went into planning the recording, and its alignment with best teaching practices).

These studies also raise three important questions worth exploring in future research. One of them is why none of the interventions discussed above had effects on high-stakes exams, even if their materials are typically mapped onto the official curriculum. It is possible that the official curricula are simply too challenging for learners in these settings, who are several grade levels behind expectations and who often need to reinforce basic skills (see Pritchett & Beatty, 2015). Another question is whether these interventions have long-term effects on teaching practices. It seems plausible that, if these interventions are deployed in contexts with low teaching quality, educators may learn something from watching the videos or listening to the recordings with learners. Yet another question is whether these interventions make it easier for schools to deliver instruction to learners whose native language is other than the official medium of instruction.

Distance education

Technology can also allow learners living in remote areas to access education. The evidence on these initiatives is encouraging. For example, Johnston and Ksoll (2017) evaluated a program that broadcasted live instruction via satellite to rural primary school students in the Volta and Greater Accra regions of Ghana. For this purpose, the program also equipped classrooms with the technology needed to connect to a studio in Accra, including solar panels, a satellite modem, a projector, a webcam, microphones, and a computer with interactive software. After two years, the intervention improved the numeracy scores of students in grades 2 through 4, and some foundational literacy tasks, but it had no effect on attendance or classroom time devoted to instruction, as captured by school visits. The authors interpreted these results as suggesting that the gains in achievement may be due to improving the quality of instruction that children received (as opposed to increased instructional time). Naik, Chitre, Bhalla, and Rajan (2019) evaluated a similar program in the Indian state of Karnataka and also found positive effects on learning outcomes, but it is not clear whether those effects are due to the program or due to differences in the groups of students they compared to estimate the impact of the initiative.

In one context (Mexico), this type of distance education had positive long-term effects. Navarro-Sola (2019) took advantage of the staggered rollout of the telesecundarias (i.e., middle schools with lessons broadcasted through satellite TV) in 1968 to estimate its impact. The policy had short-term effects on students’ enrollment in school: For every telesecundaria per 50 children, 10 students enrolled in middle school and two pursued further education. It also had a long-term influence on the educational and employment trajectory of its graduates. Each additional year of education induced by the policy increased average income by nearly 18 percent. This effect was attributable to more graduates entering the labor force and shifting from agriculture and the informal sector. Similarly, Fabregas (2019) leveraged a later expansion of this policy in 1993 and found that each additional telesecundaria per 1,000 adolescents led to an average increase of 0.2 years of education, and a decline in fertility for women, but no conclusive evidence of long-term effects on labor market outcomes.

It is crucial to interpret these results keeping in mind the settings where the interventions were implemented. As we mention above, part of the reason why they have proven effective is that the “counterfactual” conditions for learning (i.e., what would have happened to learners in the absence of such programs) was either to not have access to schooling or to be exposed to low-quality instruction. School systems interested in taking up similar interventions should assess the extent to which their learners (or parts of their learner population) find themselves in similar conditions to the subjects of the studies above. This illustrates the importance of assessing the needs of a system before reviewing the evidence.

Preloaded hardware

Technology also seems well positioned to disseminate educational materials. Specifically, hardware (e.g., desktop computers, laptops, or tablets) could also help deliver educational software (e.g., word processing, reference texts, and/or games). In theory, these materials could not only undergo a quality assurance review (e.g., by curriculum specialists and educators), but also draw on the interactions with learners for adjustments (e.g., identifying areas needing reinforcement) and enable interactions between learners and educators.

In practice, however, most initiatives that have provided learners with free computers, laptops, and netbooks do not leverage any of the opportunities mentioned above. Instead, they install a standard set of educational materials and hope that learners find them helpful enough to take them up on their own. Students rarely do so, and instead use the laptops for recreational purposes—often, to the detriment of their learning (see, e.g., Malamud & Pop-Eleches, 2011). In fact, free netbook initiatives have not only consistently failed to improve academic achievement in math or language (e.g., Cristia et al., 2017), but they have had no impact on learners’ general computer skills (e.g., Beuermann et al., 2015). Some of these initiatives have had small impacts on cognitive skills, but the mechanisms through which those effects occurred remains unclear.

To our knowledge, the only successful deployment of a free laptop initiative was one in which a team of researchers equipped the computers with remedial software. Mo et al. (2013) evaluated a version of the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) program for grade 3 students in migrant schools in Beijing, China in which the laptops were loaded with a remedial software mapped onto the national curriculum for math (similar to the software products that we discuss under “practice exercises” below). After nine months, the program improved math achievement by 0.17 SDs and computer skills by 0.33 SDs. If a school system decides to invest in free laptops, this study suggests that the quality of the software on the laptops is crucial.

To date, however, the evidence suggests that children do not learn more from interacting with laptops than they do from textbooks. For example, Bando, Gallego, Gertler, and Romero (2016) compared the effect of free laptop and textbook provision in 271 elementary schools in disadvantaged areas of Honduras. After seven months, students in grades 3 and 6 who had received the laptops performed on par with those who had received the textbooks in math and language. Further, even if textbooks essentially become obsolete at the end of each school year, whereas laptops can be reloaded with new materials for each year, the costs of laptop provision (not just the hardware, but also the technical assistance, Internet, and training associated with it) are not yet low enough to make them a more cost-effective way of delivering content to learners.

Evidence on the provision of tablets equipped with software is encouraging but limited. For example, de Hoop et al. (2020) evaluated a composite intervention for first grade students in Zambia’s Eastern Province that combined infrastructure (electricity via solar power), hardware (projectors and tablets), and educational materials (lesson plans for educators and interactive lessons for learners, both loaded onto the tablets and mapped onto the official Zambian curriculum). After 14 months, the intervention had improved student early-grade reading by 0.4 SDs, oral vocabulary scores by 0.25 SDs, and early-grade math by 0.22 SDs. It also improved students’ achievement by 0.16 on a locally developed assessment. The multifaceted nature of the program, however, makes it challenging to identify the components that are driving the positive effects. Pitchford (2015) evaluated an intervention that provided tablets equipped with educational “apps,” to be used for 30 minutes per day for two months to develop early math skills among students in grades 1 through 3 in Lilongwe, Malawi. The evaluation found positive impacts in math achievement, but the main study limitation is that it was conducted in a single school.

Facilitating differentiated instruction

Another way in which technology may improve educational outcomes is by facilitating the delivery of differentiated or individualized instruction. Most developing countries massively expanded access to schooling in recent decades by building new schools and making education more affordable, both by defraying direct costs, as well as compensating for opportunity costs (Duflo, 2001; World Bank, 2018). These initiatives have not only rapidly increased the number of learners enrolled in school, but have also increased the variability in learner’ preparation for schooling. Consequently, a large number of learners perform well below grade-based curricular expectations (see, e.g., Duflo, Dupas, & Kremer, 2011; Pritchett & Beatty, 2015). These learners are unlikely to get much from “one-size-fits-all” instruction, in which a single educator delivers instruction deemed appropriate for the middle (or top) of the achievement distribution (Banerjee & Duflo, 2011). Technology could potentially help these learners by providing them with: (a) instruction and opportunities for practice that adjust to the level and pace of preparation of each individual (known as “computer-adaptive learning” (CAL)); or (b) live, one-on-one tutoring.

Computer-adaptive learning

One of the main comparative advantages of technology is its ability to diagnose students’ initial learning levels and assign students to instruction and exercises of appropriate difficulty. No individual educator—no matter how talented—can be expected to provide individualized instruction to all learners in his/her class simultaneously . In this respect, technology is uniquely positioned to complement traditional teaching. This use of technology could help learners master basic skills and help them get more out of schooling.

Although many software products evaluated in recent years have been categorized as CAL, many rely on a relatively coarse level of differentiation at an initial stage (e.g., a diagnostic test) without further differentiation. We discuss these initiatives under the category of “increasing opportunities for practice” below. CAL initiatives complement an initial diagnostic with dynamic adaptation (i.e., at each response or set of responses from learners) to adjust both the initial level of difficulty and rate at which it increases or decreases, depending on whether learners’ responses are correct or incorrect.

Existing evidence on this specific type of programs is highly promising. Most famously, Banerjee et al. (2007) evaluated CAL software in Vadodara, in the Indian state of Gujarat, in which grade 4 students were offered two hours of shared computer time per week before and after school, during which they played games that involved solving math problems. The level of difficulty of such problems adjusted based on students’ answers. This program improved math achievement by 0.35 and 0.47 SDs after one and two years of implementation, respectively. Consistent with the promise of personalized learning, the software improved achievement for all students. In fact, one year after the end of the program, students assigned to the program still performed 0.1 SDs better than those assigned to a business as usual condition. More recently, Muralidharan, et al. (2019) evaluated a “blended learning” initiative in which students in grades 4 through 9 in Delhi, India received 45 minutes of interaction with CAL software for math and language, and 45 minutes of small group instruction before or after going to school. After only 4.5 months, the program improved achievement by 0.37 SDs in math and 0.23 SDs in Hindi. While all learners benefited from the program in absolute terms, the lowest performing learners benefited the most in relative terms, since they were learning very little in school.

We see two important limitations from this body of research. First, to our knowledge, none of these initiatives has been evaluated when implemented during the school day. Therefore, it is not possible to distinguish the effect of the adaptive software from that of additional instructional time. Second, given that most of these programs were facilitated by local instructors, attempts to distinguish the effect of the software from that of the instructors has been mostly based on noncausal evidence. A frontier challenge in this body of research is to understand whether CAL software can increase the effectiveness of school-based instruction by substituting part of the regularly scheduled time for math and language instruction.

Live one-on-one tutoring

Recent improvements in the speed and quality of videoconferencing, as well as in the connectivity of remote areas, have enabled yet another way in which technology can help personalization: live (i.e., real-time) one-on-one tutoring. While the evidence on in-person tutoring is scarce in developing countries, existing studies suggest that this approach works best when it is used to personalize instruction (see, e.g., Banerjee et al., 2007; Banerji, Berry, & Shotland, 2015; Cabezas, Cuesta, & Gallego, 2011).

There are almost no studies on the impact of online tutoring—possibly, due to the lack of hardware and Internet connectivity in low- and middle-income countries. One exception is Chemin and Oledan (2020)’s recent evaluation of an online tutoring program for grade 6 students in Kianyaga, Kenya to learn English from volunteers from a Canadian university via Skype ( videoconferencing software) for one hour per week after school. After 10 months, program beneficiaries performed 0.22 SDs better in a test of oral comprehension, improved their comfort using technology for learning, and became more willing to engage in cross-cultural communication. Importantly, while the tutoring sessions used the official English textbooks and sought in part to help learners with their homework, tutors were trained on several strategies to teach to each learner’s individual level of preparation, focusing on basic skills if necessary. To our knowledge, similar initiatives within a country have not yet been rigorously evaluated.

Expanding opportunities for practice

A third way in which technology may improve the quality of education is by providing learners with additional opportunities for practice. In many developing countries, lesson time is primarily devoted to lectures, in which the educator explains the topic and the learners passively copy explanations from the blackboard. This setup leaves little time for in-class practice. Consequently, learners who did not understand the explanation of the material during lecture struggle when they have to solve homework assignments on their own. Technology could potentially address this problem by allowing learners to review topics at their own pace.

Practice exercises

Technology can help learners get more out of traditional instruction by providing them with opportunities to implement what they learn in class. This approach could, in theory, allow some learners to anchor their understanding of the material through trial and error (i.e., by realizing what they may not have understood correctly during lecture and by getting better acquainted with special cases not covered in-depth in class).

Existing evidence on practice exercises reflects both the promise and the limitations of this use of technology in developing countries. For example, Lai et al. (2013) evaluated a program in Shaanxi, China where students in grades 3 and 5 were required to attend two 40-minute remedial sessions per week in which they first watched videos that reviewed the material that had been introduced in their math lessons that week and then played games to practice the skills introduced in the video. After four months, the intervention improved math achievement by 0.12 SDs. Many other evaluations of comparable interventions have found similar small-to-moderate results (see, e.g., Lai, Luo, Zhang, Huang, & Rozelle, 2015; Lai et al., 2012; Mo et al., 2015; Pitchford, 2015). These effects, however, have been consistently smaller than those of initiatives that adjust the difficulty of the material based on students’ performance (e.g., Banerjee et al., 2007; Muralidharan, et al., 2019). We hypothesize that these programs do little for learners who perform several grade levels behind curricular expectations, and who would benefit more from a review of foundational concepts from earlier grades.

We see two important limitations from this research. First, most initiatives that have been evaluated thus far combine instructional videos with practice exercises, so it is hard to know whether their effects are driven by the former or the latter. In fact, the program in China described above allowed learners to ask their peers whenever they did not understand a difficult concept, so it potentially also captured the effect of peer-to-peer collaboration. To our knowledge, no studies have addressed this gap in the evidence.

Second, most of these programs are implemented before or after school, so we cannot distinguish the effect of additional instructional time from that of the actual opportunity for practice. The importance of this question was first highlighted by Linden (2008), who compared two delivery mechanisms for game-based remedial math software for students in grades 2 and 3 in a network of schools run by a nonprofit organization in Gujarat, India: one in which students interacted with the software during the school day and another one in which students interacted with the software before or after school (in both cases, for three hours per day). After a year, the first version of the program had negatively impacted students’ math achievement by 0.57 SDs and the second one had a null effect. This study suggested that computer-assisted learning is a poor substitute for regular instruction when it is of high quality, as was the case in this well-functioning private network of schools.

In recent years, several studies have sought to remedy this shortcoming. Mo et al. (2014) were among the first to evaluate practice exercises delivered during the school day. They evaluated an initiative in Shaanxi, China in which students in grades 3 and 5 were required to interact with the software similar to the one in Lai et al. (2013) for two 40-minute sessions per week. The main limitation of this study, however, is that the program was delivered during regularly scheduled computer lessons, so it could not determine the impact of substituting regular math instruction. Similarly, Mo et al. (2020) evaluated a self-paced and a teacher-directed version of a similar program for English for grade 5 students in Qinghai, China. Yet, the key shortcoming of this study is that the teacher-directed version added several components that may also influence achievement, such as increased opportunities for teachers to provide students with personalized assistance when they struggled with the material. Ma, Fairlie, Loyalka, and Rozelle (2020) compared the effectiveness of additional time-delivered remedial instruction for students in grades 4 to 6 in Shaanxi, China through either computer-assisted software or using workbooks. This study indicates whether additional instructional time is more effective when using technology, but it does not address the question of whether school systems may improve the productivity of instructional time during the school day by substituting educator-led with computer-assisted instruction.

Increasing learner engagement

Another way in which technology may improve education is by increasing learners’ engagement with the material. In many school systems, regular “chalk and talk” instruction prioritizes time for educators’ exposition over opportunities for learners to ask clarifying questions and/or contribute to class discussions. This, combined with the fact that many developing-country classrooms include a very large number of learners (see, e.g., Angrist & Lavy, 1999; Duflo, Dupas, & Kremer, 2015), may partially explain why the majority of those students are several grade levels behind curricular expectations (e.g., Muralidharan, et al., 2019; Muralidharan & Zieleniak, 2014; Pritchett & Beatty, 2015). Technology could potentially address these challenges by: (a) using video tutorials for self-paced learning and (b) presenting exercises as games and/or gamifying practice.

Video tutorials

Technology can potentially increase learner effort and understanding of the material by finding new and more engaging ways to deliver it. Video tutorials designed for self-paced learning—as opposed to videos for whole class instruction, which we discuss under the category of “prerecorded lessons” above—can increase learner effort in multiple ways, including: allowing learners to focus on topics with which they need more help, letting them correct errors and misconceptions on their own, and making the material appealing through visual aids. They can increase understanding by breaking the material into smaller units and tackling common misconceptions.

In spite of the popularity of instructional videos, there is relatively little evidence on their effectiveness. Yet, two recent evaluations of different versions of the Khan Academy portal, which mainly relies on instructional videos, offer some insight into their impact. First, Ferman, Finamor, and Lima (2019) evaluated an initiative in 157 public primary and middle schools in five cities in Brazil in which the teachers of students in grades 5 and 9 were taken to the computer lab to learn math from the platform for 50 minutes per week. The authors found that, while the intervention slightly improved learners’ attitudes toward math, these changes did not translate into better performance in this subject. The authors hypothesized that this could be due to the reduction of teacher-led math instruction.

More recently, Büchel, Jakob, Kühnhanss, Steffen, and Brunetti (2020) evaluated an after-school, offline delivery of the Khan Academy portal in grades 3 through 6 in 302 primary schools in Morazán, El Salvador. Students in this study received 90 minutes per week of additional math instruction (effectively nearly doubling total math instruction per week) through teacher-led regular lessons, teacher-assisted Khan Academy lessons, or similar lessons assisted by technical supervisors with no content expertise. (Importantly, the first group provided differentiated instruction, which is not the norm in Salvadorian schools). All three groups outperformed both schools without any additional lessons and classrooms without additional lessons in the same schools as the program. The teacher-assisted Khan Academy lessons performed 0.24 SDs better, the supervisor-led lessons 0.22 SDs better, and the teacher-led regular lessons 0.15 SDs better, but the authors could not determine whether the effects across versions were different.

Together, these studies suggest that instructional videos work best when provided as a complement to, rather than as a substitute for, regular instruction. Yet, the main limitation of these studies is the multifaceted nature of the Khan Academy portal, which also includes other components found to positively improve learner achievement, such as differentiated instruction by students’ learning levels. While the software does not provide the type of personalization discussed above, learners are asked to take a placement test and, based on their score, educators assign them different work. Therefore, it is not clear from these studies whether the effects from Khan Academy are driven by its instructional videos or to the software’s ability to provide differentiated activities when combined with placement tests.

Games and gamification

Technology can also increase learner engagement by presenting exercises as games and/or by encouraging learner to play and compete with others (e.g., using leaderboards and rewards)—an approach known as “gamification.” Both approaches can increase learner motivation and effort by presenting learners with entertaining opportunities for practice and by leveraging peers as commitment devices.

There are very few studies on the effects of games and gamification in low- and middle-income countries. Recently, Araya, Arias Ortiz, Bottan, and Cristia (2019) evaluated an initiative in which grade 4 students in Santiago, Chile were required to participate in two 90-minute sessions per week during the school day with instructional math software featuring individual and group competitions (e.g., tracking each learner’s standing in his/her class and tournaments between sections). After nine months, the program led to improvements of 0.27 SDs in the national student assessment in math (it had no spillover effects on reading). However, it had mixed effects on non-academic outcomes. Specifically, the program increased learners’ willingness to use computers to learn math, but, at the same time, increased their anxiety toward math and negatively impacted learners’ willingness to collaborate with peers. Finally, given that one of the weekly sessions replaced regular math instruction and the other one represented additional math instructional time, it is not clear whether the academic effects of the program are driven by the software or the additional time devoted to learning math.

The prognosis:

How can school systems adopt interventions that match their needs.

Here are five specific and sequential guidelines for decisionmakers to realize the potential of education technology to accelerate student learning.

1. Take stock of how your current schools, educators, and learners are engaging with technology .

Carry out a short in-school survey to understand the current practices and potential barriers to adoption of technology (we have included suggested survey instruments in the Appendices); use this information in your decisionmaking process. For example, we learned from conversations with current and former ministers of education from various developing regions that a common limitation to technology use is regulations that hold school leaders accountable for damages to or losses of devices. Another common barrier is lack of access to electricity and Internet, or even the availability of sufficient outlets for charging devices in classrooms. Understanding basic infrastructure and regulatory limitations to the use of education technology is a first necessary step. But addressing these limitations will not guarantee that introducing or expanding technology use will accelerate learning. The next steps are thus necessary.

“In Africa, the biggest limit is connectivity. Fiber is expensive, and we don’t have it everywhere. The continent is creating a digital divide between cities, where there is fiber, and the rural areas.  The [Ghanaian] administration put in schools offline/online technologies with books, assessment tools, and open source materials. In deploying this, we are finding that again, teachers are unfamiliar with it. And existing policies prohibit students to bring their own tablets or cell phones. The easiest way to do it would have been to let everyone bring their own device. But policies are against it.” H.E. Matthew Prempeh, Minister of Education of Ghana, on the need to understand the local context.

2. Consider how the introduction of technology may affect the interactions among learners, educators, and content .

Our review of the evidence indicates that technology may accelerate student learning when it is used to scale up access to quality content, facilitate differentiated instruction, increase opportunities for practice, or when it increases learner engagement. For example, will adding electronic whiteboards to classrooms facilitate access to more quality content or differentiated instruction? Or will these expensive boards be used in the same way as the old chalkboards? Will providing one device (laptop or tablet) to each learner facilitate access to more and better content, or offer students more opportunities to practice and learn? Solely introducing technology in classrooms without additional changes is unlikely to lead to improved learning and may be quite costly. If you cannot clearly identify how the interactions among the three key components of the instructional core (educators, learners, and content) may change after the introduction of technology, then it is probably not a good idea to make the investment. See Appendix A for guidance on the types of questions to ask.

3. Once decisionmakers have a clear idea of how education technology can help accelerate student learning in a specific context, it is important to define clear objectives and goals and establish ways to regularly assess progress and make course corrections in a timely manner .

For instance, is the education technology expected to ensure that learners in early grades excel in foundational skills—basic literacy and numeracy—by age 10? If so, will the technology provide quality reading and math materials, ample opportunities to practice, and engaging materials such as videos or games? Will educators be empowered to use these materials in new ways? And how will progress be measured and adjusted?

4. How this kind of reform is approached can matter immensely for its success.

It is easy to nod to issues of “implementation,” but that needs to be more than rhetorical. Keep in mind that good use of education technology requires thinking about how it will affect learners, educators, and parents. After all, giving learners digital devices will make no difference if they get broken, are stolen, or go unused. Classroom technologies only matter if educators feel comfortable putting them to work. Since good technology is generally about complementing or amplifying what educators and learners already do, it is almost always a mistake to mandate programs from on high. It is vital that technology be adopted with the input of educators and families and with attention to how it will be used. If technology goes unused or if educators use it ineffectually, the results will disappoint—no matter the virtuosity of the technology. Indeed, unused education technology can be an unnecessary expenditure for cash-strapped education systems. This is why surveying context, listening to voices in the field, examining how technology is used, and planning for course correction is essential.

5. It is essential to communicate with a range of stakeholders, including educators, school leaders, parents, and learners .

Technology can feel alien in schools, confuse parents and (especially) older educators, or become an alluring distraction. Good communication can help address all of these risks. Taking care to listen to educators and families can help ensure that programs are informed by their needs and concerns. At the same time, deliberately and consistently explaining what technology is and is not supposed to do, how it can be most effectively used, and the ways in which it can make it more likely that programs work as intended. For instance, if teachers fear that technology is intended to reduce the need for educators, they will tend to be hostile; if they believe that it is intended to assist them in their work, they will be more receptive. Absent effective communication, it is easy for programs to “fail” not because of the technology but because of how it was used. In short, past experience in rolling out education programs indicates that it is as important to have a strong intervention design as it is to have a solid plan to socialize it among stakeholders.

what is importance of technology in education essay

Beyond reopening: A leapfrog moment to transform education?

On September 14, the Center for Universal Education (CUE) will host a webinar to discuss strategies, including around the effective use of education technology, for ensuring resilient schools in the long term and to launch a new education technology playbook “Realizing the promise: How can education technology improve learning for all?”

file-pdf Full Playbook – Realizing the promise: How can education technology improve learning for all? file-pdf References file-pdf Appendix A – Instruments to assess availability and use of technology file-pdf Appendix B – List of reviewed studies file-pdf Appendix C – How may technology affect interactions among students, teachers, and content?

About the Authors

Alejandro j. ganimian, emiliana vegas, frederick m. hess.

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Discovering the Importance of Technology in Education 

what is importance of technology in education essay

Updated: June 19, 2024

Published: May 24, 2019

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Technology has taken over our world and has dramatically changed the way we live, work, and learn. In the education sector, technology has been a game-changer and has transformed the traditional methods of teaching and learning.  In a classroom setting, students are often given a lot of information to process quickly. This can be overwhelming and cause confusion. Technology provides access to numerous online resources that support independent learning and research. It also helps simplify the learning process by making concepts easier to understand, for example through instructional videos.   

Gone are the days of rote memorization and blackboard lectures. Today’s students are digital natives, who have grown up surrounded by technology and are accustomed to a more interactive, dynamic learning experience. Let’s take a closer look at the importance of technology in education.  

what is importance of technology in education essay

How Important is Technology in Education?  

Technology enhances the learning experience for students by providing them with the tools and resources necessary to succeed. From online resources that help simplify complex concepts to interactive learning experiences that keep students engaged, technology provides students with the support they need to thrive in the classroom and beyond. 

Here are reasons why technology is important in education. They include more engaged students, support for multiple learning styles, better collaboration, more instant feedback for teachers, and preparation for the future.   Let’s take a closer look at the importance of technology in education:  

Enhances Creativity and Innovation  

Technology has opened up a world of opportunities for students to be creative and innovative. With access to a wealth of information and resources at their fingertips, students can experiment, explore and bring their ideas to life.   

This type of hands-on learning is much more engaging and enjoyable for students and helps to foster critical thinking skills. For example, students can use graphic design software to create posters, animations, or videos to present their ideas.   

They can use 3D printing to design and create prototypes of their inventions. They can even use virtual and augmented reality to bring their ideas to life and make them more interactive.  

Supports Personalized Learning  

One of the biggest benefits of technology in education is personalized learning. With online resources and educational software, students can find information that is tailored to their needs, interests, and learning style.   

They can work at their own pace, repeat lessons if they need to, and access information that is relevant to their studies. This type of individualized learning can help students to stay motivated and achieve better results.  

Improves Communication and Collaboration  

Technology has revolutionized the way students, teachers, and administrators communicate and collaborate. With online platforms and social media, students can share ideas, work on projects, and stay connected no matter where they are. They can even work on projects with classmates from other schools or countries, breaking down geographical barriers and building a sense of community in the classroom.   

Furthermore, teachers can use technology to create interactive lessons, online quizzes and tests, and provide instant feedback to students, helping them to stay on track and improve their performance.  

Teaches Students How to be Responsible Online  

With so many social media options out there, it’s no surprise that students are already digital natives. But by bringing technology into the classroom, teachers get to help these students learn how to be responsible and make positive impacts in the digital world. The classroom becomes a mini version of the online world where students get to practice communicating, searching, and interacting with others just like they would in the real digital world.   

Makes Learning More Fun  

Students today are heavily reliant on technology in their daily lives outside the classroom. But incorporating technology in the classroom can not only make learning more interesting, but also help to reinforce the material taught. One innovative teaching method, game-based learning (GBL), involves using interactive games and leaderboards to deliver lessons, making the learning process much more engaging for students.  

With technology, students can also create multimedia projects and share their work with classmates, adding a creative element to the learning experience. Thanks to virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR), students can take virtual field trips and simulations that can offer hands-on experiences that bring subjects to life.   

Prepares Students for the Future  

Technology is a critical tool for preparing students for the future. The workforce is rapidly evolving and technology is playing a significant role. Students need to be equipped with the skills they need to succeed in the digital age.   

Technology provides students with the tools and resources they need to develop a range of essential skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and collaboration. It also provides them with exposure to a variety of digital tools and platforms, helping them to become confident and proficient users.  

what is importance of technology in education essay

What Is the Role of Technology in Education?: The Future  

Wondering what is the role of technology in education ? The 3 important roles technology plays in education are increased collaboration and communication, personalized learning opportunities, and engaging content.  

The future of technology in education is bright and full of possibilities. From virtual and augmented reality to artificial intelligence and machine learning, technology is constantly evolving, and there is so much more to come. Virtual and augmented reality will soon become an integral part of the education experience, allowing students to immerse themselves in interactive, 3D simulations of real-life scenarios. Some benefits of technology in education include improved adaptability, more enriched collaboration, more enjoyable learning experiences, enhanced feedback, better connections, improved tech skills, and reduced costs.  

Artificial intelligence will also play a big role, with chatbots and AI-powered tutors providing instant feedback and support to students. Machine learning will also help to personalize the learning experience, making it more effective and efficient.  

In conclusion, technology has transformed the way we learn, and its impact on education has been profound. It has opened up new avenues for creativity and innovation, supported personalized learning, improved communication and collaboration, and prepared students for the future. As technology continues to evolve, it will be exciting to see how it will continue to shape and improve the education sector.  

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Essay on Impact of Technology on Education

Students are often asked to write an essay on Impact of Technology on Education in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Impact of Technology on Education

Introduction.

Technology has greatly influenced education. It has changed the way we learn and teach, making education more accessible and engaging.

Interactive Learning

Technology has introduced interactive learning tools like smart boards and tablets. They make lessons more engaging and fun, helping students understand better.

Online Education

With the internet, learning is not limited to classrooms. Online courses, video lectures, and digital libraries have made education accessible to everyone, everywhere.

Improved Communication

Technology has improved communication between students and teachers. Emails, chats, and video calls make it easier to discuss and solve doubts.

250 Words Essay on Impact of Technology on Education

The advent of technology in education.

The advent of technology has revolutionized various sectors, with education being one of the most impacted. It has transformed traditional teaching methods, making learning more engaging, accessible, and efficient.

Enhancing Accessibility and Flexibility

Technology has democratized education, breaking down geographical barriers. Online learning platforms and digital libraries provide easy access to a vast range of resources. This flexibility allows students to learn at their own pace, fostering a self-driven learning environment.

Interactive Learning Experience

Technological tools like virtual reality, digital simulations, and gamified learning apps have made education more interactive. These tools cater to different learning styles, enhancing comprehension, and retention of knowledge.

Collaborative Learning

Tools like cloud-based applications and social media platforms promote collaborative learning. They enable students to work together on projects, share ideas, and gain diverse perspectives, fostering critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

Challenges Posed by Technology

Despite its benefits, technology also poses challenges. The digital divide, where some students lack access to technology, can exacerbate educational inequalities. Additionally, over-reliance on technology might hinder the development of interpersonal skills and critical thinking.

500 Words Essay on Impact of Technology on Education

The advent of technology has dramatically transformed various sectors globally, and education is no exception. Over the years, technology has played a pivotal role in reshaping educational landscapes, creating new opportunities for both students and educators. This essay explores the impact of technology on education, focusing on its benefits, challenges, and future implications.

The Benefits of Technology in Education

One of the most significant benefits of technology in education is the democratization of knowledge. Digital platforms such as online libraries, e-books, and educational websites have made information accessible to anyone with an internet connection, breaking down geographical and socio-economic barriers.

The Challenges of Technology in Education

Despite the numerous benefits, technology’s integration into education is not without challenges. One of the primary issues is the digital divide, which refers to the disparity in access to technology between different socioeconomic groups. This divide exacerbates educational inequalities, as students who lack access to digital resources are disadvantaged.

Another challenge is the potential for distraction. With the proliferation of digital devices, students may be tempted to use them for non-educational purposes, which can hinder their academic progress. Additionally, the over-reliance on technology may diminish critical thinking and problem-solving skills, as students may resort to quick online solutions rather than engaging in deep, thoughtful analysis.

Future Implications

However, as technology continues to evolve, it is crucial to address its challenges. Policymakers and educators must work together to bridge the digital divide, ensuring that all students can benefit from technological advancements. Additionally, digital literacy programs should be implemented to teach students how to use technology responsibly and effectively.

In conclusion, technology has had a profound impact on education, offering numerous benefits but also presenting significant challenges. As we navigate the digital age, it is essential to harness technology’s potential to enhance education while mitigating its drawbacks. This balanced approach will ensure that technology serves as a powerful tool in shaping a more equitable, engaging, and efficient educational landscape.

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Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education

Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education: In the 1920s, radio was used for the first time for educational purposes. Today, artificial intelligence and robotics have not only increased our efficiency and productivity at work but have also helped students learn from their classroom experiences.

what is importance of technology in education essay

Interactive whiteboards, digital projectors, tablets, and smart gadgets have replaced traditional ways of writing on surfaces including chalkboards, tables, and many more. In addition to providing students with rapid access to a wealth of knowledge, technology-based learning methods also link the classroom to real-world situations.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education (100 words)
  • 2 Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education (200 words)
  • 3 Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education (300+ words)

Also Read: Top Teaching Tools for Teachers to Enhance Classroom Learning

Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education (100 words)

In this revolutionary era, education and technology are the two powerful tools that help students learn about personalized learning opportunities. Interactive whiteboards and projectors have replaced the traditional methods of studying in classrooms. 

According to recent data, over 60 percent of schools provide digital learning with the incorporation of tablets, laptops, and other important electronic gadgets in their schools. The aim of using technology in classrooms is to accommodate multiple learning styles, encouraging the students to collaborate on their new ideas and opinions. All such diverse ranges of technologies and experiences help the students learn things from different sources, which not only increases their areas of understanding but also changes their learning abilities.

Also Read: Blended Learning Approach for Teachers 

Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education (200 words)

The importance of online learning methods has seen an unusual jump in the local, national, and international educational markets. The COVID-19 pandemic has acted as a catalyst that has helped to drive digital education in an unparalleled way. It is estimated that more than 50 percent of the worldwide learning industry, either schools, colleges, or universities, embraces online learning methods. 

The changes in the way of learning have pushed the education industry to explore innovations as well as new learning technologies. The new methods of technology such as gamification flipped classrooms, and eTextbooks have created healthy and interactive teaching methods that help to bridge the gap caused by physical restrictions. Moreover, technology has empowered the learning opportunities and helped to reach the students in remote areas. It is the digital revolution that has helped to change traditional classrooms into specialized online classes, with an aim of lifelong learning. 

In conclusion, the rise in online education after post-COVID has curbed the educational population and has limited geographical areas. Although there are still some challenges regarding the use of technology in digital education such as limitations of budget, misuse of technology and lack of awareness of the tools that can be achieved by providing good infrastructure, awareness about the use of technology and by creating awareness among the masses. 

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Essay on Contribution of Technology in Education (300+ words)

The word technology is comprised of two Greek words, techne, and logos. Here, techne means skill and art and logos mean the remark or comment by which the inner thoughts are expressed. Combining these two words, educational technology can be defined as an instructional program that is based on experience and is designed to impart students with educational knowledge of technology.

In the past students had limited resources to explore good knowledge. The limited knowledge was either found within the four walls of schools, or in local libraries. But now, with the help of the internet, a piece of vast information is just a click away from the students. Students have the opportunity to explore different subjects, watch educational YouTube videos, and connect with related experts using social media worldwide. 

Moreover, the interaction of education and technology has given rise to different online learning platforms such as Coursera, LinkedIn Learning, Skillshare, Udemy, and many more. The online learning platform has seen a rise of 50 percent in users over the last five years. One of the major reasons for a boom in online learning includes the improved means of classroom interactions, easiness of learning remotely, and discovering new things at their own pace. 

Academic institutions, colleges, universities, and different online platforms use new methods of technology to make learning better for students. Educational applications or apps have become invaluable tools in the digital era that help students cover the spectrum of subjects. These applications serve different styles of learning, and languages, to provide interactive and engaging learning. For example, mathematics subjects can use enjoyment, relaxation, and effective learning interaction with the students. Here the example indicates, how technology can not only be used for fun but can also be used for learning with the involvement of needs as well as preferences at the same time. 

Furthermore, the increase in the importance of digitization of educational resources such as online tests, universities, e-books, and edutainment helps unburden the heavy backpacks and also updates the students with the latest information. Using the technology not only helps lighten the physical loads but also helps with a more feasible approach towards learning. 

In conclusion, we can say that technology has made learning easier and more convenient. From global interaction sessions to collaboration, technology has helped students in a revolutionary way. It is believed that in coming future the advancement of technology will not only help the students with innovations but will also come up with endless possibilities. 

Read this Essay on Technology for related information.

Ans: Technology helps in unburdening our backpacks with e-books, edutainment, and online tests. Also online learning platforms such as Udemy, and Coursera help in breaking the geographical barriers. 

Ans: Technology education is an instructional program that is based on experience and is designed to give students educational knowledge on technology.

Patrick Suppes and Richard Atkinson are often considered known as fathers of educational technology. 

An increase in the importance of digitization of educational resources such as online tests, universities, e-books, and edutainment helps unburden the heavy backpacks and also updates the students with the latest information. Using the technology not only helps lighten the physical loads but also helps with a more feasible approach towards learning. 

Ans: It is believed that in the coming future, the advancement of technology will not only help students with innovations but will also come up with endless possibilities.

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10 Important Roles Of Technology In Education

  • Post Author: edmonger
  • Post published: July 28, 2021
  • Post Category: Ed Tech Solutions / Trends and Insights
  • Post Comments: 3 Comments

We can’t deny the fact that the developed world we see today can never be possible without the evaluation of technology. Even the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) promotes the Important roles of technology in education. Only through a technology driven education system, students have innovative learning solutions.

In this pandemic era of Covid-19, it would have never been possible for teachers to make students efficient learners at home if technology was not introduced. In addition, technology allows students to learn more effectively via online educational tools.

What is the Importance of Technology in Education?

The vital roles of technology in education is that teachers can serve all study material so that students can better understand the topics and solve the problem easier via Edtech. Educational technology approaches modern classroom / Smart classes, which primarily focus on improvising the performance of every student.

To understand the Importance of Technology in Education and how a new generation impacts the change in the whole education scenario, one must go through this article beneath the last section.

Why Technology Is Important In Education?

The important roles of technology in education lead to improve quality of studying; better communication facilitates skills and knowledge to students. Apart from that, with E-learning technology tools, students can access study material from any geographical area, wherever they go.

In spite of having various higher technology driven Education tools, schools are still using the pen/ pencil-and-paper methods for learning. However, via EdTech, the whole education structure has been revolutionized, enriching the learning process at just one fingertip of students.

Imperative Roles of Technology in Education

Here we have created this article to make you aware of the Important roles of technology in education for students as well as parents and teachers, have a glance –

  • Promotes Effective Educational system 

Undoubtedly, since technology is introduced in the classroom, it encourages the overall growth of students. Technology is a robust process to promote a healthy educational system worldwide. The Most Important roles of technology in education makes learning more accessible, exciting and enjoyable. The development of technological advancements in education leads to enhance knowledge and skills of students. 

  • Technology Helps Students Learn Much And Better

Any of us still wondering that how important is technology in Education? Thus, let me inform you that a survey has proved that digital learning technology helps most students improve their grades. Furthermore, through technology-based E-learning, students can learn more and better from different resources without depending on an institution or an instructor. 

The most important thing is that technology helps learners more easily in their field. Such as, Students can convert or type text in handwritten style with an online text to handwriting converter tool.This tool allows them to share their educational notes in handwriting style. Which makes it more appealing and eye-catching and also plays an important role in the modern age.

  • Improvise better Communication and Collaboration

We all know that the existence of technology has improved communication and collaboration to a better level. Likewise, Educational technology also boosted communication and collaboration between teachers and students and students/ parents, teachers/parents, and peers. 

Teachers can interact with students to clear their doubts and make e-learning more effective. Technology enables one-on-one interaction in the classroom online.

  • Provide Teachers More Resources  

Educational technology provides teachers plenty of e-learning tools like Gamification, AR / VR, smartboards etc. Through Advanced modern technology of education, teachers can use various digital tools to magnify learning opportunities for students. 

E-learning solution technologies enable teachers to improve their teaching skills. From technology, teachers can instruct well through video lessons, microlearning, attractive infographics etc. Moreover, teachers can engage the students by delivering online tests and different courses.

  • Learning At Own Pace

The important roles of technology in education is to students as they can learn at any time and from anywhere. With the technology-based E-learning process, one can study in their comfort zone. Students can play, pause and re-watch complex topics using online educational applications until the concept is clear. 

Also Check – Importance of Online Teaching

  • More Opportunities For Online Project-Based Learning

Most schools are opting now for online Project-Based Learning instead of wasting time on pen paper-based projects. Edtech solutions have also made Project-Based learning much more accessible and convenient for students. Now, one can create presentations using Google Classroom, Google Docs, PPT and Slides, etc. Through online Project-Based Learning, students use their skills and knowledge up to the next level to complete an assignment.

  • Personalized Learning Opportunities

The importance Of Technology in Education is not just limited to efficient learning, but students can also have their personalized learning opportunities. Availability of more resources/ material 24*7 to students allows them to personalize learning better. We all know that not all students have the same learning frequency; thus, personalized learning is considered. Personalize learning is also known as self-paced learning, which can help individuals optimize the quantity of material according to their capability.

  • Efficient Problem Solving Stuff

Well, studying without having any doubts can be possible only through modern intelligent classes. Video modules of every concept help each of you to cut out the doubts. So, If any problem arises in any topic, just go through Problem Solving material and clear all doubts.

  • Better Understanding through Graphics

Technology has evaluated the learning process through video graphics, which helps the human mind understand the concept faster and remember it for a long time. This can be only possible because of the visual information system. Using VR technology in education, students can retain knowledge by 25% to 60%. Using VR educational technology like gamification, mobile learning, microlearning, visual graphics etc. students can experience fun and learning at the same time and keep engaged with their studies. 

  • Save Time And Money

With the availability of more study material via E-learning technology, the student can spend less money on other materials. Even nowadays, many schools are more focusing on buying online study material, which is cheaper and convenient for storage. Teachers can save time and money by teaching students via advanced educational, technological systems like augmented reality and virtual reality programs free of cost online and helps one to learn and understand faster.

Challenges of Educational Technology

Besides various Importance Of Technology in Education, India still lacks somewhere to explore the technological educational system. Somehow, we are facing Challenges in establishing modern Educational Technology in the schools. 

More screen study time may also lead to some severe health issues. For example, continues use of computers, tablets, and phones for studies may cause back pain, neck pain, blurred vision and more.

In Online classes, teachers cannot monitor every student; this makes them lure them towards cheating. The latest Technology encourages the cheating process among students by sharing test sheets, copy-pasting each other answers, Google answers during the online class test.

Impact of Technology in Education

In today’s world, we all are interlinked with technology everywhere in our daily lives. So why not use Technology in Education. Technology is the only tool that helps to improve the education system in different ways. From teachers to students, technology leaves a vast impact on education. Modern EdTech makes education more flexible and perceptive. Various technology driven education tools have introduced free online resources, personalized learning materials, more engaging content, and a better understanding of visuals and opportunities for advanced learning.

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The Role of Technology in Modern Education

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Published: Jun 13, 2024

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Introduction, body paragraph 1: the benefits of technology in education, body paragraph 2: enhancing engagement and collaboration, body paragraph 3: overcoming challenges in technological integration, body paragraph 4: the future of technology in education.

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what is importance of technology in education essay

what is importance of technology in education essay

Technology has become an integral part of sustaining society , and its influence on education is inevitable . Earlier, technology’s role in education was limited to teaching methodologies and educating students. The evolution of technology has impacted every aspect of our lives, from banking to how we communicate. Education is inextricably linked to technology, so its integration into technology is inevitable. As a result, it is not surprising that schools have also become a part of this paradigm shift in the world today. Technology has been part of our lives for decades, but it is only recently that the development and application of technology in education have begun to take shape. Technology is one of the most important things we have today, which can assist students in doing better academically. As technology grows, it brings about new ways for students to learn and interact through various mediums.

What is Education?

What is technology, how has technology changed the way of imparting education, importance of technology in education, advantages of technology in education, disadvantages of technology in education.

Education is a process of teaching, learning, and development. Education consists of transmitting values and knowledge from one generation to another. It is also about learning how to communicate effectively, manage people, and solve problems. 

Technology is a collection of tools and processes used for accomplishing tasks. It can be anything from a sneaker to a car to an airplane, but it’s all technology when you boil it down to its bare essentials. Technology is the use of science, engineering, and mathematics to develop tools, systems, and methods for human activities.

It is the collection of knowledge that people have created to solve problems or create new things. Technology is not limited to physical objects but includes virtual objects like software, data, and websites.

Technology has changed the way we impart education . It has made it possible for us to reach out to more students, and it has also made it possible for us to deliver the same lessons in a much more efficient manner. We can now t each our lessons online , meaning we don’t have to travel all over the place to teach them. We can also use technology like video conferencing and chat rooms with our students, which means that we don’t have to spend time getting to know them and making sure they understand what we’re teaching them. This has made a massive difference in how teachers interact with their students. Before technology, teachers had to spend hours preparing for lessons, but they didn’t have the option of using technology when they taught them. Nowadays, students get better grades because they are more prepared than ever. Technology has made it possible for us to find information from anywhere in the world and share it with others without having to meet them face-to-face physically. This means that students can take their education wherever they go, from their bedrooms to their classrooms to their offices at work. The internet has made learning possible for everyone, no matter where they live or in their country. With the advent of online learning platforms like Udemy, Coursera, and Khan Academy, students are no longer limited to traditional classrooms. They can learn at their own pace and access any educational content they want.

It has also made it easier for teachers to impart their knowledge and expertise to students . Teachers can now use video lectures as well as text-based lessons.

Teachers also have access to more resources than ever before—both on-site and off-site—to ensure that their students’ needs are met.

 Education has always been a stepping stone to success. Education helps us grow and learn new things, but it is not enough. To make sure that you are on the right path for your future, it is essential to have a good education.

Technology has proven beneficial and transformation in educational settings in particular. Technology is reshaping the world of education from online colleges to digital certificate programs and hybrid set-ups. This can help students get their qualifications faster while providing them with more resources needed to succeed.

Technology has also changed how we learn and teach students today. Technology offers us many ways of teaching students online or even in person; there are more options than ever before! There are even digital certificates available online, allowing students to get their qualifications quickly without having to travel all over town whenever they need something new added to their resume. The importance of technology can be understated when it comes to learning because it allows us all access to information from anywhere at any time! This means we do not have barriers to getting what we need when it comes time for school or work. Technology allows us all access. The most important thing to remember when considering technology’s role in education is that it shouldn’t be used as a replacement for human interaction. Instead, Teachers should use it to enhance student learning by providing them with opportunities to use their minds outside of the classroom setting. Students can achieve this through online courses that allow students across the globe to interact with each other and instructors face-to-face or via video conference calls. In addition, virtual reality technology will enable students to learn within an immersive environment, which helps them better retain information when it comes time for them to apply it later on in life.”

Technology helps children to stay motivated during the learning process:

Most students don’t like to go to school if they feel like wasting their time. When technology is allowed in the classroom, teachers can let kids work at a pace that suits them the best without disturbing others.

This way, students can work independently and get the right amount of help from teachers when needed. Students also have an opportunity to do other things like watching movies or playing games while being able to work on their assignments.

Not only does it help with motivation, but it also helps with retention because students can learn more while doing something they enjoy doing instead of sitting in a dull classroom day after day without any distractions from outside sources such as television or 

Other activities may be distracting from learning purposes. If students feel like wasting their time, they will lose interest in school. But when technology is allowed in the classroom, teachers can let kids work at a pace that suits them best without disturbing others. Studies show that kids who use electronic devices in class tend to perform better than those who do not use such devices. This is because using electronic devices allows them to focus on what they are doing instead of being distracted by other things around them.

Technology allows better communication between teachers and parents: 

There are so many ways that technology in the classroom encourages more communication between teachers and parents.

First, when there is technology in the classroom, there are more opportunities for parents and teachers to connect. This can be done through texting and emailing or using social media. It can also be done by video chatting. For example, if your child has an after-school homework club, you can text them about their progress during class time and ensure they’re completing their work on time.

Second, it helps children stay connected with their parents. If a student doesn’t have access to technology at home, then they may not feel comfortable talking about their day over dinner or on the phone. However, if there is a way for them to speak with their parents through a computer or smartphone app, then they will feel more encouraged to use it!

Third, it helps teachers stay connected with parents too! If there’s an easy way for us as educators to communicate with our students’ families, then we can work on projects and plan lessons together without having face-to-face time. In addition, if online resources are available for students, it will save teachers from having to come up with new ways of teaching every time they want something new taught or learned.

Technology also helps make sure that students feel supported by their teachers and families when they need them most; this can be especially important when dealing with issues related to mental health or sexuality.

Technology gives access to behavioral data on students: 

Technology has been used to collect behavioral data on students for years. It’s a great way to get the information you need to help your students succeed, but it can also be a little scary if you’re not sure exactly how much information is being collected.

The various apps, software choices, and technological platforms collect student data that can show attendance patterns, learning issues in specific subjects, and how they react in particular situations. This allows teachers to identify problems early on and work with them before they become too complex to fix. For example, a new app called “My School” uses real-time data to inform teachers of students’ attendance rates during class and their progress towards completing homework assignments. This information allows teachers to give individualized attention to each student based on their needs and wants.

Teachers can use this information to provide individualized instruction and interventions for students who need it most.

Technology will increase cheating: 

Cheating in school is nothing new. It has been around since the beginning of time. But now, there’s a new way to cheat: technology. And now you can cheat without even having to go to school. With technology, students can send themselves text messages with answers before taking a test or taking part in a quiz. Then they can email those answers to whomever they want—and that person won’t even have to be at school. This technology has made cheating more accessible and has allowed students to cheat more efficiently than ever before. Students should also know the rules around using technology during quizzes, tests, and general classes. There must be strict rules about how students use technology at school—for example, no phones are allowed during class discussions or lectures.

Technology can be distracting for students: 

Kids are a lot like little adults. They are constantly testing the boundaries of what is acceptable, and they aren’t necessarily stopped until they’ve found out where those boundaries are. Parents need to be aware of how technology can affect their kids’ behavior. Children who play video games can find themselves reacting to addiction-like behaviors. Their focus is on the entertainment they receive more than anything else. If the educational environment uses reward-based games to encourage learning, the child might be more concerned with what they receive through the software or app instead of what they are learning. For parents, this means that you should be able to detect when your child is engaging in activities that don’t match. How much energy and focus they should be putting into schoolwork, especially if this involves electronic devices or apps made specifically for children. This isn’t always intentional: we want our children to be happy when they play games! But if you want your child to learn something new while gaming, you must choose educational games over reward-based ones.

Technology is not affordable for everyone: 

Whether technology is in the classroom or at home, there is the issue of affordability to worry about in today’s world. Some households cannot afford to purchase computers for their kids to manage school work. School districts don’t have enough money to pay their salaries yearly, much less add new tech components for learning. Other expenses can make technology unaffordable for some families: repairs, software updates, and utilities (such as electricity). When we focus on having technology in the classroom, we place those at the lowest end of the wage scale at a significant disadvantage. With less money, they have less access to lessons and can’t afford to purchase devices. Students with greater access can learn more and access lessons more often.

Technology cannot replace the human touch in imparting education. It, however, plays a paramount role in improving efficiency. Students’ character gets affected when they spend too much time on computers and bright devices. Instead of making them tech-savvy, it makes them less practical and more imaginative. The transition from traditional teaching methods to technology for teaching has a remarkable impact on the student. As a result, their level of awareness increased, and the student picked up things quickly and multiplied their knowledge instantly. But some challenges need to be met regarding the use of technology in education by the students. The challenges are innovation, maintenance, and reliable infrastructure to support the advanced technology used in the learning process.

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Home / Essay Samples / Information Science and Technology / Technology in Education / The Future is Now: The Impact of Technology on Education

The Future is Now: The Impact of Technology on Education

  • Category: Information Science and Technology , Education
  • Topic: E-Learning , Technology in Education

Pages: 2 (1130 words)

Views: 1223

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Introduction

Modern technology in education, importance of technology in education.

  • Internet connection and around the clock connectivity.
  • Using projectors and visuals
  • Online degrees with the employment of technology
  • The Global Impact of Online Classrooms
  • The Tablet in Place of Text Books

Factors Affecting Technology in Education

  • Lack of time;
  • Lack of access;
  • Lack of resources;
  • Lack of experience and
  • Lack of support.

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